Navarra Suma

Navarra Suma (English: "Sum Navarre",[3] NA+) was an electoral alliance in Navarre formed by Navarrese People's Union (UPN), Citizens (Cs) and the People's Party (PP) ahead of the April 2019 Spanish general election and kept for the May 2019 local and regional elections.[4][5][6] The goal of the three parties was to create a broad coalition of anti-nationalist centre-right forces in Navarre.[7]

Sum Navarre
Navarra Suma
SpokespersonJavier Esparza
Founded11 March 2019 (2019-03-11)
Dissolved15 August 2022
HeadquartersPl. Príncipe de Viana, 1, 4º
31002, Pamplona
Ideology
Political positionCentre-right to right-wing
Colors  Grey (customary)[2]
  Red
  White
MembersSee list of members
Congress of Deputies (Navarrese seats)
0 / 5
Spanish Senate (Navarrese seats)
3 / 5
Parliament of Navarre
20 / 50
Local seats
298 / 830
Website
www.navarrasuma.es

NA+ was noted for its success in consolidating the vote of the centre-right to right-wing in Navarre as well as mitigating the rise of Vox, but at the cost of hindering chances for any agreement between UPN and the Socialist Party of Navarre (PSN) that would have allowed it to return to government.[8][9]

HistoryEdit

The alliance had its precedent in the 2015 Navarrese regional and Spanish local elections, where the Navarrese People's Union (UPN), the People's Party (PP) and Citizens (Cs) had run separately, leading to significant vote splitting within the centre-left to right-wing political spectrum that favoured the election of left-wing governments both at the regional and the local level, including the loss of Pamplona to an EH Bildu's controlled council. This circumstance was seemingly about to be repeated in the upcoming 2019 regional, local and, eventually, April general elections, with the aggravating circumstance of a fourth party gaining strength within the far-right side of the spectrum: Vox.[10]

After several months of speculation on whether UPN and PP would renew their traditional general election alliance,[11][12][13] an agreement was reached on 2 March 2019 whereby the PP would fully respect UPN's condition of seeking to "maintain an autonomous voice in Madrid".[14][15] Throughout the next week, it was unveiled that UPN had entered talks with Cs to form a three-way alliance comprising all three elections—general, regional and local—with the decision being approved by the parties on 10 March and officially signed by UPN and Cs leaders, Javier Esparza and Albert Rivera, on the next day.[16][17] The overall agreement was formally presented as an alliance between UPN and Cs, with the former integrating some PP members within its reserved posts in the coalition's lists,[18] by virtue of the previous agreement between the two parties.[19][20] UPN explicitly excluded Vox from the alliance on the basis that its purpose was to avoid vote splitting between three similarly-aligned parties, hinting that Vox's political strategies were distinct enough to their own.[21]

On 20 March, the coalition partners announced the imagery and the party lists for the Congress and Senate, including the announcement of their electoral label, "Sum Navarre" (Spanish: Navarra Suma).[5][22] UPN was to be reserved four out of the five candidates in the Congress list—namely, numbers 1, 2, 3 and 5, with the latter two being awarded by UPN to PP candidates—whereas the remaining post would be allocated to Cs; in exchange, the latter would lead the Senate list, with UPN comprising the other two posts.[23][24]

In the 26 May elections, the coalition was the most-voted political force in Navarre by securing over 36% of the vote and 20 seats,[25] as well as being able to regain control of the five largest cities in the region—Pamplona, Tudela, Egüés, Barañain and Burlada[26]—however, it ultimately failed in forming the regional government and remained in opposition.[27][28] Nonetheless, the positive results achieved by the electoral platform in the Navarrese regional and local elections provided the inspiration for Spanish PP leader Pablo Casado to put forward a similar alliance proposition ahead of the November 2019 general election, including a participation or support of Vox,[29] but the proposal failed to materialize over Cs's refusal to it.[30][31] The Navarra Suma alliance was, nonetheless, maintained for the November election.[32]

CompositionEdit

Party
Navarrese People's Union (UPN)
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs)
People's Party (PP)

Electoral performanceEdit

Parliament of NavarreEdit

Parliament of Navarre
Election Votes % # Seats +/– Leading candidate Status in legislature
2019 127,346 36.57% 1st
20 / 50
 3[a] Javier Esparza Opposition

Cortes GeneralesEdit

NationwideEdit

Cortes Generales
Election Congress Senate Leading candidate Status in legislature
Votes % # Seats +/– Seats +/–
2019 (Apr) 107,619 0.41% 14th
2 / 350
 0[b]
3 / 208
 0[b] Sergio Sayas New election
2019 (Nov) 99,078 0.41% 15th
2 / 350
 0
3 / 208
 0 Opposition

Regional breakdownEdit

Election Navarre
Congress Senate
Votes % # Seats +/– Votes % Seats +/–
2019 (Apr) 107,619 29.32% 1st
2 / 5
 0[b]  Y Ruth Goñi Sarries
 Y Alberto Catalán Higueras
 Y Amelia Salanueva Murguialday
110,323
107,796
107,186
30.73%
30.02%
29.85%
3 / 4
 0[b]
2019 (Nov) 99,078 29.58% 1st
2 / 5
 0  Y Amelia Salanueva Murguialday
 Y Ruth Goñi Sarries
 Y Alberto Catalán Higueras
104,424
102,988
101,945
31.63%
31.19%
30.88%
3 / 4
 0

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Compared to the combined totals of Navarrese People's Union and People's Party in the 2015 regional election.
  2. ^ a b c d Compared to Navarrese People's UnionPeople's Party totals in the 2016 general election.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Navarre/Spain". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Resultados de las elecciones generales en Navarra". Diario de Navarra (in Spanish). 10 November 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  3. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (15 May 2020). Parties and Elections in Europe: Parliamentary Elections and Governments Since 1945, European Parliament Elections, Political Orientation and History of Parties. BoD – Books on Demand. p. 658. ISBN 978-3-7504-8134-3.
  4. ^ Ojer, Pablo (10 March 2019). "Navarra ensaya el gran pacto electoral: UPN, PP y Ciudadanos concurrirán juntos a las generales". ABC (in Spanish). Pamplona. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  5. ^ a b "La plataforma de UPN con Ciudadanos para todas las próximas elecciones se llamará 'Navarra Suma'". Navarra.com (in Spanish). 11 March 2019. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  6. ^ Arnedo, Beatriz (11 March 2019). "'Navarra Suma' será el nombre de la lista única de UPN, Ciudadanos y PP". Diario de Navarra (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  7. ^ Sanz, Luis Ángel (11 March 2019). "Ciudadanos renuncia a sus siglas en Navarra y se presenta con UPN y el PP". El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  8. ^ "Sayas: "UPN no es un partido de oposición y no podemos acostumbrarnos a ello"". Diario de Navarra (in Spanish). EFE. 21 June 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  9. ^ Fernández, Ibai (17 December 2019). "Esparza defiende su papel al frente de UPN pese a seguir en la oposición". Diario de Noticias (in Spanish). Pamplona. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Los votos perdidos en Pamplona en 2015". www.urnavarra.org (in Spanish). URNAvarra. 2 February 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  11. ^ "Esparza (UPN) dice que no llegaría a un acuerdo con Vox sobre violencia de género". Diario de Navarra (in Spanish). Pamplona. Europa Press. 3 January 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  12. ^ "Geroa Bai insiste en explorar una lista conjunta del cuatripartito y UPN analizará ir en coalición con el PP". eldiario.es (in Spanish). Europa Press. 18 February 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  13. ^ Arnedo, Beatriz (2 March 2019). "UPN aborda este sábado si va en coalición con el PP a las elecciones generales". Diario de Navarra (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  14. ^ "UPN y PP suman fuerzas y acuerdan concurrir juntos a las elecciones generales, autonómicas y municipales". Navarra.com (in Spanish). 2 March 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  15. ^ "UPN y PP irán juntos a las próximas elecciones" (in Spanish). Navarra TV. 2 March 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  16. ^ Arnedo, Beatriz (9 March 2019). "Esparza planteará al Consejo Político de UPN un acuerdo electoral con Ciudadanos". Diario de Navarra (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  17. ^ Arnedo, Beatriz (10 March 2019). "La posible alianza electoral de UPN y Ciudadanos descoloca a los partidos". Diario de Navarra (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  18. ^ Ojer, Pablo; Casillas Bayo, Juan (13 March 2019). "UPN y Cs intentan camuflar al PP en la confluencia navarra". ABC (in Spanish). Pamplona/Madrid. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  19. ^ Arnedo, Beatriz (2 March 2019). "UPN y PP irán juntos a las elecciones generales, al Parlamento de Navarra y a los ayuntamientos". Diario de Navarra (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  20. ^ "Así se designarán los puestos en las listas electorales de "Navarra Suma"" (in Spanish). Pamplona: COPE. 13 March 2019. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  21. ^ Alonso, José Mari (11 March 2019). "UPN descarta sumar a Vox en la alianza de la derecha para echar del poder al nacionalismo". El Confidencial (in Spanish). Pamplona. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  22. ^ "Navarra Suma presenta a sus candidatos al Congreso y al Senado". Diario de Noticias (in Spanish). Pamplona. Europa Press. 20 March 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  23. ^ "Sayas y García Adanero encabezarán las listas de Navarra Suma al Congreso" (in Spanish). EiTB. Agencias. 18 March 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  24. ^ M. Ariztegi, Miguel (20 March 2019). "Navarra Suma se presenta como "muralla de contención" frente al nacionalismo". eldiario.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  25. ^ "Navarra Suma gana las elecciones y el cuatripartito pierde la mayoría" (in Spanish). EiTB. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  26. ^ "Navarra Suma recupera el control de las cinco ciudades más pobladas de la Comunidad foral que perdió en el 2015". Navarra.com (in Spanish). 16 June 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  27. ^ Rioja Andueza, Iker; M. Ariztegi, Miguel (1 August 2019). "Tenso cara a cara entre Chivite y Esparza con los pactos con EH Bildu como telón de fondo". eldiario.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  28. ^ Fernández, Ibai (30 September 2019). "La apuesta por una oposición frontal al Gobierno deja a UPN aislada en las instituciones". Diario de Noticias (in Spanish). Pamplona. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  29. ^ "Casado defiende 'España Suma' e insiste en que PP, Ciudadanos y Vox deben pactar "algún tipo de alianza"" (in Spanish). Madrid: Cadena SER. Europa Press. 19 August 2019. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  30. ^ "Rivera rechaza concurrir a las generales junto al PP: "España suma, pero la corrupción resta"". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Madrid. Europa Press. 2 September 2019. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  31. ^ Calleja, Mariano (30 September 2019). "Ciudadanos rechazó la oferta del PP con España Suma en cinco comunidades". ABC (in Spanish). Zaragoza. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  32. ^ "UPN volverá a concurrir con Navarra Suma a las elecciones del 10-N y cierra también sus candidatos en las listas". Navarra.com (in Spanish). 23 September 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2020.