Monufia Governorate (Egyptian Arabic: محافظة المنوفية Muḥāfẓet El Monofeya IPA: [elmenoˈfejjæ, -monoˈ-]) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It is located in the northern part of the country in the Nile Delta, to the south of Gharbia governorate and to the north of Cairo. The governorate is named after Menouf, an ancient city which was the capital of the governorate until 1826. The current governor is Said Mohammed Mohammed Abbas.
Monufia Governorate on the map of Egypt
|Seat||Shibin El Kom|
|• Governor||Saeed Mohammed Mohammed Abbas|
|• Total||2,543.03 km2 (981.87 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|Anglicized name||Native name||Arabic transliteration||Population
(July 2017 Est.)
|El Bagour||مركز الباجور||Al-Bājūr||401,925||Markaz|
|El Shohada||مركز الشهداء||Ash-Shuhadā'||346,215||Markaz|
|Birket el Sab||مركز بركة السبع||Birkat as-Sab'||311,299||Markaz|
|Sadat City||مركز و مدينة السادات||Madīnat as-Sādāt||178,849||Markaz|
|Menouf||قسم مدينة منوف||Minūf||113,262||Kism (fully urban)|
|Shibin el Kom||قسم شبين الكوم||Shibīn al-Kawm||241,409||Kism (fully urban)|
|Shibin el Kom||مركز شبين الكوم||Shibīn al-Kawm||480,161||Markaz|
|Sers El Lyan||قسم سرس الليانة||Sirs al-Layyānah||70,431||Kism (fully urban)|
According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 20.6%. Out of an estimated 3,941,293 people residing in the governorate, 3,128,460 people lived in rural areas as opposed to only 812,833 in urban areas.
The capital of the Monufia Governorate is the city of Shibin El Kom. The main cities of the governorate are Quesna, Tala, Bagour, Menouf, Ashmoun and Sers El Lyan. It is mainly an agricultural governorate.
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:
- Mubarak Industrial Zone and its expansion
- Industrial Zones In kafr Dawod
- (New urban community industrial zone) El Sadat
In 1826 Mohammed Ali transferred the capital of Monufia from Menouf to Shibin El Kom as the later fell exactly in the center of the governorate. Other than Shibin El Kom, the governorate had four other administrative divisions which are Quesna, Tala, Menouf and Talawy. In 1942, El Shohada became a new administrative division and included parts from Shibin El Kom and Tala. In 1947, Bagour was created to encompass regions from Menouf, Talawy, Quesna and Shibin El Kom. In 1955, five villages were taken from Tala and redistributed to Tanta. in 1960, Berket El Sabe'e (Lake of the Lion) was established and consisted of former towns and villages of Tala, Quesna and Shibin El Kom. In 1975, Sers El Lyan became a city rather than a village after it was separated from Menouf. In 1991, the Sadat City was annexed to Monufia being its only region west of the Rosetta branch. In the final round of the 2012 Egyptian presidential election, Monufia had the highest voter turnout rate of all governorates (61.5%) as well as the most overwhelming support for candidate Ahmed Shafik (71.5%).
The governorate is famous for the production of crops like cotton, maize and wheat as well as vegetable crops such as potatoes and green beans of which a large part is exported. Agricultural land is irrigated with water from the Rosetta and Damietta branches of the Nile. Agriculture is generally the main activity of the population due to the fertile land in the Nile Delta.
In 2018, the National Agricultural Animal Health Services (NAAHS) was formed by the Ministry of Agriculture in order to care for the rising number of infected horses and donkeys in the Shibin El-Kom area. This was sparked by the tragedy of the death of Shamekh, a 135 year-old horse, widely regarded as a Patriarch of the Governorate.
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