Gharbia Governorate (Arabic: محافظة الغربية Muḥāfaẓat al-Gharbiyya, IPA: [elɣɑɾˈbejjɑ, -jæ], "the western governorate") is one of the governorates of Egypt. It is located in the north of the country, south of Kafr El Sheikh Governorate, and north of Monufia Governorate. Its capital is Tanta, which is 90 km north of Cairo, and 120 km south east of Alexandria. The largest city in Gharbia is El Mahalla El Kubra. The total area of Gharbia governorate is 1,942 km2.

Gharbia Governorate
Flag of Gharbia Governorate
Official logo of Gharbia Governorate
Gharbia Governorate on the map of Egypt
Gharbia Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 30°52′01″N 31°01′41″E / 30.867°N 31.028°E / 30.867; 31.028
Country Egypt
SeatTanta (capital)
 • GovernorTarek Rahmi
 • Total1,942 km2 (750 sq mi)
 (January 2023)[2]
 • Total5,409,714
 • Density2,800/km2 (7,200/sq mi)
 • TotalEGP 174 billion
(US$ 11.1 billion)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2021)0.743[4]
high · 9th

Municipal divisions


The governorate is divided into municipal divisions, with a total estimated population, as of January 2023, of 5,409,714. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.[2]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(January 2023 Est.)
El Mahalla El Kubra مركز المحله الكبرى Al-Maḥallah al-Kubrā 829,692 Markaz
El Mahalla El Kubra 1 قسم أول المحلة الكبرى Al-Maḥallah al-Kubrā 1 186,805 Kism (fully urban)
El Mahalla El Kubra 2 قسم ثان المحلة الكبرى Al-Maḥallah al-Kubrā 2 289,541 Kism (fully urban)
El Mahalla El Kubra 3 قسم ثالث المحلة الكبرى Al-Maḥallah al-Kubrā 3 133,652 Kism (fully urban)
El Sunta مركز السنطة As-Sanṭah 507,934 Markaz
Basyoun مركز بسيون Basyūn 318,370 Markaz
Kafr El Zayat مركز كفر الزيات Kafr az-Zayyāt 486,055 Markaz
Kotoor مركز قطور Quṭūr 357,643 Markaz
Samanoud مركز سمنود Samannūd 426,257 Markaz
Tanta مركز طنطا Ṭanṭā 716,116 Markaz
Tanta 1 قسم أول طنطا Ṭanṭā 1 315,737 Kism (fully urban)
Tanta 2 قسم ثان طنطا Ṭanṭā 2 277,863 Kism (fully urban)
Zefta مركز زفتى Ziftā 449,066 Markaz
Zefta قسم زفتى Ziftā 114,983 Kism (fully urban)



The name of al-Gharbiyya is an Arabic term meaning "The Western one" or "The Western Side".[5] In the 13th century it comprised 165 villages, while the 15th-century geographer al-Qalqashandi describes it as fertile and prosperous.[5]

El Mahalla El Kobra was the provincial capital until 1836, when it was later succeeded by Tanta.[5]

Historical places: 1- Tanta's museum. 2- ali beik al kabeer avenue. 3- El Sa'aa Square

In modern times, it is notable for the cultivation of cotton, and its textile industry.[5]



In 1960, the governorate numbered 1,815,000 inhabitants.[5] According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 30.0%. Out of an estimated 4,751.865 people residing in the governorate, 3,324,630 people lived in rural areas as opposed to only 1,427,235 in urban areas.[6]



Projects and programs


In 2016, Switzerland committed to funding a solid waste management program in Gharbia, a project with the Egyptian Ministry of Environment that will conclude in 2021. The National Solid Waste Management Programme (NSWMP) involves the construction of infrastructure for new, as well as the expansion and improvement of existing waste treatment, landfill, and recycling facilities.[7]

Notable people


See also



  1. ^ "Al-Gharbiyyah". britannica. Archived from the original on 2018-11-20. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  2. ^ a b Retrieved 2 April 2023. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Table - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2023-02-20.
  5. ^ a b c d e Herzog, R. (1965). "al-G̲h̲arbiyya". In Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch. & Schacht, J. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Volume II: C–G. Leiden: E. J. Brill. p. 1010. OCLC 495469475.
  6. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  7. ^ "Switzerland funds programme to improve solid waste management in 4 Egyptian governorates". Daily News Egypt. 5 October 2016.
  8. ^ Al Sherbini, Ramadan (April 26, 2016). "Egypt turns to celebs to fight drugs". Gulf News Egypt. Archived from the original on 2016-10-18. Retrieved 18 October 2016.