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Gharbia Governorate (Arabic: محافظة الغربيةMuḥāfaẓah Al Gharbeya, IPA: [alɣɑɾˈbejjɑ, -jæ]) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It is located in the north of the country, south of Kafr El Sheikh Governorate, and north of Monufia Governorate. Its capital is Tanta, which is 90 km north of Cairo, and 120 km south east of Alexandria. The largest city in Gharbia is El Mahalla El Kubra. The total area of Gharbia governorate is 1,942 km2, making it the tenth largest governorate of Egypt.

Gharbia Governorate
Flag of Gharbia Governorate
Flag
Official logo of Gharbia Governorate
Gharbia Governorate on the map of Egypt
Gharbia Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 30°52′01″N 31°01′41″E / 30.867°N 31.028°E / 30.867; 31.028Coordinates: 30°52′01″N 31°01′41″E / 30.867°N 31.028°E / 30.867; 31.028
Country Egypt
SeatTanta (capital)
Government
 • GovernorHisham El-Said Mohamed El-Sayed[2]
Area
 • Total1,942 km2 (750 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2018)
 • Total5,066,000[1]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2017)0.707[4]
high · 8th

Contents

Municipal divisionsEdit

The governorate is divided into municipal divisions, with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 5,018,545. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.[5][6]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(July 2017 Est.)
Type
El Mahalla El Kubra مركز المحله الكبرى Al-Maḥallah al-Kubrā 795,468 Markaz
El Mahalla El Kubra 1 قسم أول المحلة الكبرى Al-Maḥallah al-Kubrā 1 160,102 Kism (fully urban)
El Mahalla El Kubra 2 قسم ثان المحلة الكبرى Al-Maḥallah al-Kubrā 2 248,149 Kism (fully urban)
El Mahalla El Kubra 3 قسم ثالث المحلة الكبرى Al-Maḥallah al-Kubrā 3 114,548 Kism (fully urban)
El Santa مركز السنطة As-Sanṭah 482,189 Markaz
Basyoun مركز بسيون Basyūn 297,379 Markaz
Kafr El Zayat مركز كفر الزيات Kafr az-Zayyāt 457,277 Markaz
Kotoor مركز قطور Quṭūr 339,538 Markaz
Samanoud مركز سمنود Samannūd 399,473 Markaz
Tanta مركز طنطا Ṭanṭā 686,575 Markaz
Tanta 1 قسم أول طنطا Ṭanṭā 1 270,603 Kism (fully urban)
Tanta 2 قسم ثان طنطا Ṭanṭā 2 238,151 Kism (fully urban)
Zefta مركز زفتى Ziftā 430,542 Markaz
Zefta قسم زفتى Ziftā 98,551 Kism (fully urban)

HistoryEdit

The name of al-Gharbiyya ("the western one") has been used as a district name in Egypt since shortly after the Arab conquest of Egypt.[7] In the 13th century it comprised 165 villages, while the 15th-century geographer al-Qalqashandi describes it as fertile and prosperous.[7]

El Mahalla El Kubra was the provincial capital until 1836, when it was succeeded by Tanta.[7]

In modern times, it is notable for the cultivation of cotton, and its textile industry.[7]

PopulationEdit

In 1960, the governorate numbered 1,815,000 inhabitants.[7] According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 30.0%. Out of an estimated 4,751.865 people residing in the governorate, 3,324,630 people lived in rural areas as opposed to only 1,427,235 in urban areas.[8]

CitiesEdit

Projects and programsEdit

In 2016, Switzerland committed to funding a solid waste management program in Gharbia, a project with the Egyptian Ministry of Environment that will conclude in 2021. The National Solid Waste Management Programme (NSWMP) involves the construction of infrastructure for new, as well as the expansion and improvement of existing waste treatment, landfill, and recycling facilities.[9]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  2. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  3. ^ "Al-Gharbiyyah". britannica. Archived from the original on 2018-11-20. Retrieved 2018-11-20. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  5. ^ "Gharbia Governorates Subdivisions". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-11-25. Retrieved 2018-11-24. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  6. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". statoids.com. Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  7. ^ a b c d e Herzog, R. (1965). "al-G̲h̲arbiyya". In Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch. & Schacht, J. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume II: C–G. Leiden: E. J. Brill. p. 1010. ISBN 90-04-07026-5.
  8. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  9. ^ "Switzerland funds programme to improve solid waste management in 4 Egyptian governorates". Daily News Egypt. 5 October 2016.
  10. ^ Al Sherbini, Ramadan (April 26, 2016). "Egypt turns to celebs to fight drugs". Gulf News Egypt. Archived from the original on 2016-10-18. Retrieved 18 October 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)

External linksEdit