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Mitsubishi Pajero

The Mitsubishi Pajero (パジェロ, Japanese: [pad͡ʑeɾo]; English: /pəˈhɛr/; Spanish: [paˈxeɾo])[3][4] is a full-size sport utility vehicle manufactured and marketed globally by Mitsubishi.

Mitsubishi Pajero
Mitsubishi Pajero Exceed.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerMitsubishi Motors
Also calledMitsubishi Montero
Mitsubishi Shogun
Production1982–present (international)
1982–2019 (Japan and UK)[1]
AssemblyPajero Manufacturing Co., Ltd, Sakahogi, Gifu Japan
Tramagauto, Tramagal, Portugal
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size SUV[2]
LayoutFront-engine, four-wheel-drive
Chronology
PredecessorMitsubishi Jeep

Mitsubishi markets the SUV as the Montero in Spain and the Americas (except for Brazil and Jamaica) and as the Shogun in the United Kingdom And in South Africa as Pajero Gen 2 suv. However, the Montero is no longer sold in North America as of late 2006.[5] The Pajero nameplate derives from Leopardus pajeros, the Pampas cat.[6]

The Pajero has earned a respected legacy in rally and are particularly noted for having won the Dakar Rally 12 times, having the highest number of Dakar Rally stage wins (nearly twice that of the nearest competitor) and seizing 80% of Dakar Rally podium finishes from 2001-2005.[7] Records for which Mitsubishi earned a place in the Guinness World Records.

Due to their success, the Pajero, Montero and Shogun names were also applied to other, mechanically unrelated models, such as the Pajero Mini kei car, the Pajero Junior and Pajero iO/Pinin mini SUVs, and the Pajero/Montero/Shogun Sport mid-size SUVs.

HistoryEdit

The roots of the Pajero can be traced back to 1934 with the Mitsubishi PX33 prototype commissioned for the Japanese Government. Mitsubishi presented the first Pajero prototype at the Tokyo Motor Show in November 1973 [8] then Pajero II prototype followed in 1978, five years later.[9]

In January 1983, the first Pajero debuted at the Paris Dakar Rally, taking first place in 1985 at only the third attempt. Other wins followed, at events such as the Australasian Safari and Northern Forest.

Dakar Rally RecordsEdit

A Mitsubishi Pajero, driven by Andrew Cowan, finished the 1984 Paris–Alger–Dakar as the third ranked winner in overall class after covering more than 11,000 km. Mitsubishi dominated with multiple first, second and third place podium finishes until their final wins in 2007. From 2001-2005, with the introduction of their third generation Pajero with monocoque chassis and fully independent suspension, Mitsubishi had 5 consecutive first-place finishes and 12 of all 15 podium finishes in the same time period. Their overall record was 12 total overall wins (1st place) in the "Cars Class" and 150 stage wins (the second best being Peugeot with only 78 stage wins in comparison). Mitsubishi earned the title of ‘Most Dakar Rally Wins by A Manufacturer’ from the Guinness World Records.[10]

First generation (L040; 1982–1991)Edit

First generation
 
Overview
ManufacturerMitsubishi Motors Corporation
Hyundai Motor Company
Also called
  • Mitsubishi Montero
  • Mitsubishi Shogun
  • Colt Shogun[11]
  • Dodge Raider
  • Hyundai Galloper
  • Jinhui Mitsubishi Pajero (China; JV)
Production1982–1991
Body and chassis
Body style3-door SUV
5-door SUV (not on Raider models)
RelatedHyundai Galloper
Powertrain
Engine2.0 L 4G63 I4
2.6 L 4G54 I4
3.0 L 6G72 V6
2.3 L 4D55 diesel I4
2.3 L 4D55T TD I4
2.5 L 4D56T TD I4
Transmission5-speed manual
4-speed Aisin automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase5-door: 2,695 mm (106.1 in)
3-door: 2,350 mm (92.5 in)
Length4,650 mm (183.1 in)
3-door: 3,995 mm (157.3 in)
Width1,679 mm (66.1 in) & 1,692 mm (66.6 in)
Height5-door: 1,890 mm (74.4 in)
3-door: 1,849 mm (72.8 in) & 1,839 mm (72.4 in)

The first generation made its debut at the Tokyo Motor Show in October 1981, and was launched in May 1982. Initially, it was a three-door, short-wheelbase model available with a metal or canvas top and three different engines options, although more were gradually added, ending with a 3.0-litre V6 on top of the range.

 
Mitsubishi Pajero rear
  • 2.0-litre 4-cylinder petrol (2000/2.0)
  • 2.0-litre 4-cylinder turbocharged petrol (2000/2.0 Turbo)
  • 2.6-litre 4-cylinder petrol (2600/2.6)
  • 2.3-litre naturally aspirated diesel (2300 D/2.3 D)
  • 2.3-litre turbocharged diesel (2300 TD/2.3 TD)
  • 2.5-litre turbocharged diesel (2500 TD/2.5 TD)
  • 3.0-litre V6 petrol (3000/3.0)

It included features unusual for a four-wheel-drive vehicle: a turbocharged diesel engine, a front double wishbone suspension with torsion bar springs, power steering and suspension seats.

In January 1983, only a year following its launch, mildly tuned production Pajeros entered the world of motor sport.

 
Mitsubishi Montero LS 5-door (US)

In February 1983, Mitsubishi introduced a long-wheelbase, five-door model, available with a choice of two different engines; a 2.0-litre turbocharged petrol (badged as "2.0 Turbo" and "2000 Turbo" in some markets) and a 2.3-litre turbocharged diesel. It also came in Standard, Semi-High Roof and High Roof body styles.

The long-wheelbase model increased seating capacity to seven, with available third row seats, which could be folded to the sides for additional trunk space or combined with second row seats to form a bed.

In 1984, the Pajero received turbo diesel engines with higher power/torque ratings, whilst the long-wheelbase models received standard four-wheel disc brakes and four-way adjustable shock absorbers as standard equipment.

 
Mitsubishi Pajero Intercooler Turbo Wagon 3-door

A flagship model was introduced in 1987 with two-tone paint, 15-inch light alloy wheels, front-seat heaters, wool seat covers, leather headrests, a three-spoke steering wheel and a sound system with radio/cassette. In 1987, a version of the Pajero/Montero was rebadged by Dodge as the Raider, which ran through 1989.

In 1988, a 3.0-litre SOHC V6 engine was made available, alongside a 2.5-litre turbo diesel engine, with the first 4x4 intercooler. The long-wheelbase models received a coil link suspension system for better ride comfort and off-road ability.

It was available with a 3-door body for a short wheelbase (SWB) or a 5-door body for a long-wheelbase (LWB). Engines included a 2.6 L I4 with 82 kW (111 PS; 110 hp), a 3.0 L V6 with EFI and 104 kW (141 PS; 139 hp) and a turbocharged 2.5 L OHC diesel I4 with 62 kW (84 PS; 83 hp) or an intercooled 70 kW (95 PS; 94 hp). Part-time four-wheel drive was standard on all models.

The first generation platform was later built under license by Hyundai Precision Products as the Hyundai Galloper from 1991 to 2003, and exported to Europe for a brief time. While it used first generation mechanicals, the Galloper's body was closer to the second generation Pajeros.[12]

AustraliaEdit

The NA series was released to Australia during January 1983 in short- (SWB) and long-wheelbase (LWB) three-door wagon formats, with the 2.6-litre petrol or 2.3-litre turbo diesel, both mated to a five-speed KM145 manual transmission. Brakes were ventilated front discs and rear drums. The five-door, high-roof LWB model was introduced in May 1984 with the same powertrain options.[13] The five-door offered a luxury Superwagon trim and also had a shorter final drive than the SWB models, to make up for the increased weight.[14]

The NB of November 1984 included a revised grille, deleted the LWB three-door body style and the diesel engine for the remaining SWB three-door. Mitsubishi Australia released the NC series in November 1985, introducing optional power steering, while the long-wheelbase five-door switched to a low-roofed design.

A KM148 automatic gearbox became optional on the petrol Superwagon for the October 1986 ND update, while the 2.5-litre turbo diesel replaced the old 2.3-litre unit. For the October 1987 NE series, the Japanese 2.6-litre petrol was replaced with the Australian-made Astron II version. Brake dimensions were also increased across the range.

The NE three-door Sports and five-door Superwagon added a limited slip differential, front bumper overriders, spare wheel cover, side pin striping, 16-inch chrome wheels, and optional two-tone paint over the base cars. The most expensive models also received an inclinometer, volt meter, oil pressure gauge, stereo cassette player, remote fuel filler release, suspension driver's seat, carpeting, and tweed and velour cloth trim (over tweed cloth and vinyl).[15]

September 1988's NF facelift saw the introduction of a 3.0-litre V6 engine in the top-line Superwagon, delivering 105 kW (143 PS; 141 hp) and 228 N⋅m (168 lb⋅ft) via a five-speed V5MT1 manual or four-speed KM148 automatic. Suspension became a three-link coil spring design at the rear. Rear disc brakes were fitted to the V6 only.

The final NG refresh from September 1989 to April 1991 was a minor trim and equipment readjustment. The KM148 automatic transmission was replaced by the V4AW2 with lockup. High-end NG models (i.e. not the base Commercial trim) now received chrome, truck-style side mirrors. An intercooler was also added to the 2.5-litre turbo diesel models in 1990.

Camel TrophyEdit

The Camel Trophy was a vehicle-oriented competition that was held annually between 1980 and 2000, and it was best known for its use of Land Rover vehicles over challenging terrain. The event took its name from its main sponsor, the Camel cigarette brand. The first event was originally intended as a one-off publicity stunt for Camel tobacco. This came about after six Germans had the idea of driving the notoriously tough Transamazonica Highway in Brazil; 1600 km of dusty, rutted, broken dirt road with several treacherous river crossings through the Amazon.[16] Though little information is available online, Mitsubishi entered several long wheelbase, first generation Pajeros in the Camel Trophy and even created a limited "Camel Trophy Edition" to commemorate the event and their participation. Interestingly the limited edition versions were short wheelbase whereas the actual competing vehicles were long wheelbase due to the need to carry large amounts of equipment. The competing and Camel Trophy Edition vehicles both featured 2.5L turbo diesel 4D56 engines with a 5 speed manual transmission.

Some of the special accessories these vehicles came with are the now iconic mustard yellow body and wheel paint, Camel Trophy logo on the driver and passenger doors, floor mats, seats and spare tyre cover, PTO winch, a recovery kit with shovel, black powder-coated roof rack and a special bush knife. Only 150 of this edition were ever made, though several enthusiasts have created replicas using their own SWB Pajeros from the time with certain spare parts still being available from OEM part stockists, even including the highly desirable original PTO winch. Original Camel Trophy editions can be identified by a yellow and black plaque inside the vehicle and a special chassis code (VNTX5).

Second generation (V20+; 1991–1999)Edit

Second generation
 
Overview
Also calledMitsubishi Shogun (United Kingdom)
Mitsubishi Montero (United States)
China
Beijing BJ2032 Tornado (2002–2004)[17]
GAC Changfeng Liebao Heijingang (2002–2014)[18]
Changfeng Liebao Qibing/6481 (2009–2014)[19]
Changfeng Liebao Q6 (2014–present)
Guangtong GTQ5490 (JV)
Jincheng Pioneer GDQ6470/GDQ6471 (JV)
Jinhui Mitsubishi Montero (JV)
Sanjiu 3-Nine Mitsubishi Pajero (JV)
Sanxing SXZ6470/6471 (JV)
Shanlu CJY6421D (JV)
Wanli Mitsubishi Pajero WLZ5030XLD (JV)
Xinkai HXK2020 (JV)
Production1991–1999 (Japan)
1997–present (China)
up to 2012 (Colombia)
up to 2008 (Philippines)
2005–2007 (Iran) Bahman Group
AssemblySakahogi, Gifu, Japan (Pajero Manufacturing Co., Ltd.)
Tiruvallur, Tamil Nadu, India
Bogotá, Colombia
Venezuela
Beijing, China (BAW)
Changsha, China (GAC Changfeng; 1995–present)
Chengdu, China (Shanlu)
Guangdong, China (Sanxing, Wanli, Jinhui, Guangtong, Sanjiu, Xinkai)
Qinhuangdao, China (Jincheng)
Cainta, Rizal, Philippines
Body and chassis
Body style3-door SUV
5-door SUV
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission5-speed manual
4-speed Aisin automatic
5-speed V5A51 Mitsubishi automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase5-door, Changfeng Liebao models: 2,725 mm (107.3 in)
3-door: 2,420 mm (95.3 in)
2,750 mm (108.3 in) (Beijing BJ2032 Tornado)
Length4,740 mm (186.6 in)/4,704 mm (185.2 in)
4,879 mm (192.1 in) (Beijing BJ2032 Tornado)
4,801 mm (189 in) (Liebao Heijinggang/Qibing)
Width1998–1999: 1,775 mm (69.9 in)
1992–97: 1,694 mm (66.7 in) / 1,786 mm (70.3 in)
1,829 mm (72 in) (Beijing BJ2032 Tornado, Liebao Heijinggang)
1,791 mm (70.5 in) (Liebao Heijinggang/Qibing)
1,796 mm (70.7 in) (Liebao Q6)
Height1992–94 5-door: 1,864 mm (73.4 in) / 1,880 mm (74.0 in)
1995–1999 5-door: 1,875 mm (73.8 in) / 1,895 mm (74.6 in)
3-door: 1,849 mm (72.8 in)
1,801 mm (70.9 in) (Beijing BJ2032 Tornado)
1,890 mm (74.4 in) (Liebao Heijinggang/Q6)
1,941 mm (76.4 in) (Liebao Q6 with roof rack)
1,946 mm (76.6 in) (Liebao Heijinggang/Qibing)

Mitsubishi redesigned the Pajeros for a second generation, which debuted in January 1991, although exports did not commence until later in the year. Just about everything was now new and further enhanced. A new, larger body was available in four different versions; Metal Top, Canvas Top Convertible (short wheelbase), Semi High Roof Wagon and High Roof Wagon (long wheelbase). The short wheelbase models were stretched by 70 millimetres (2.8 in) and the long-wheelbase models by 30 millimetres (1.2 in). The available engines included a 3.0-litre 12-valve SOHC (6G72) with ECI-Multi electronic fuel injection and a 2.5-litre turbocharged diesel engine (4D56T) with an intercooler.

 
1997 Mitsubishi Pajero (NL) GLS wagon (Australia)

The second generation also saw the introduction of Super Select 4WD (SS4) [known as ActivTrak 4WD in some markets], multimode ABS, which were firsts on Japanese four-wheel drives, and electronic shock absorber. SS4 was ground-breaking in the sense that it combined the advantages of part-time and full-time four-wheel drive with four available options: 2H (high-range rear-wheel drive), 4H (high-range full-time four-wheel drive), 4HLc (high-range four-wheel drive with locked centre differential) and 4LLc (low-range four-wheel drive with locked centre differential). Another advantage of this second generation system is that it gave the driver the ability to switch between two-wheel drive and full-time four-wheel drive at speeds up to 100 km/h (62 mph), whereas the first generation Pajero had to be stationary to switch from rear-wheel drive to four-wheel drive (but not from four-wheel drive back to rear-wheel drive). In addition to the SS4, an air locking differential was included as factory option. Either 4HLc or 4LLc mode must be engaged to perform this operation. Multimode ABS, on the other hand, was equally innovative. This meant ABS would be fully functional in all modes of SS4, as braking with a locked centre differential requires completely different braking parameters. The new electronic shock absorber was also factory option with three settings: S (soft), M (medium), and H (hard). This meant driver can change ride quality and handling depending on road conditions via a switch on centre console.

In July 1993, two new power plants were introduced; a 3.5-litre 24-valve DOHC with ECI-Multi and a 2.8-litre turbocharged diesel with an intercooler. A new, larger transmission and transfer case was also part of the upgrade.

 
1994 Mitsubishi Pajero (NJ) GLS wagon (Australia)
 
1993 Mitsubishi Pajero (NJ) GLS hardtop (Australia)

In 1996 the 3.0 V6 engine was revised, staying SOHC but changing to 24v. At the same time the ignition system was upgraded from the old distributor system to solid state coil packs. Power to 132 kW (177 hp). The 2.4 engine was introduced as a smaller power plant available only on SWB body with revised minor interior and exterior.

The Pajero Evolution was introduced in October 1997, which was developed in response to new entry requirements for the Paris – Dakar Rally's T3 Class. The Pajero Evolution came standard with a 3.5-litre 24-valve DOHC V6 with Mitsubishi Innovative Valve Timing and Electronic Lift Control (MIVEC). A new, dual plenum variable intake helped increase power and a new independent rear suspension made the ride even smoother.

In 1998, vehicles destined for General Export and the GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council countries) received a facelift. Wider fenders, new headlights, grille, bumper, fog lights and sidesteps were all part of the redesign. The wide fenders are often called "blister flare fenders". Driver and front-passenger SRS airbags were made standard on models equipped with the 3.5-litre DOHC V6 engine, whilst still remaining optional on GLS models with the 3.0-litre SOHC V6. 1080 of these units were also assembled in Iran by Bahman Khodro Group before being taken off production. An upgraded interior wood trim was made available on 3.0-litre GLS and 3.5-litre models. A leather-wrapped or leather and wood trim steering wheel was also made available, alongside an upgraded suspension and steering system. The 3.0-litre 12-valve SOHC engine was now available with a 24-valve configuration. Models without wide fenders remained as base models (GLX), available with a 2.4-litre 16-valve DOHC engine, producing 110 kW (147 hp). The 3.0-litre 12-valve engine was optional on these GLX models, and remained the base engine on the GLS.

The second generation was introduced on 22 January 1991 and manufactured until 1999. It retained the two body styles, but design was rounder and more city-friendly than the previous bulky model. The 3.0 L V6 petrol engine was retained, now available with a 24-valve head, capable of 136 kW (185 PS; 182 hp), while the 2.5 turbodiesel's power was slightly increased to 73 kW (99 PS; 98 hp). In 1993, the Pajero was slightly restyled, and larger engines were introduced, a 3.5 L V6 with 153 kW (208 PS; 205 hp) and a 2.8 L SOHC turbodiesel rated at 92 kW (125 PS; 123 hp). These versions introduced Mitsubishi's Super Select four-wheel-drive system (known as Active-Trac in the United States), with an electronic transfer shift that could split power between both axles without the need to stop the car. It worked at speeds up to 100 km/h (62 mph).

The first generation Pajero was also marketed as the Hyundai Galloper in Korea, Europe and GCC Countries, while the second generation was in production elsewhere.

This model Pajero remained in production in India till 2012 as the Pajero SFX; the latest generation is sold as the Montero. In the Philippines it is marketed as the Pajero "Field Master" 4x2 with the 2.8L TD engine, alongside the fourth generation Pajero. The 4X4 version was taken out of production in 1999. It is also produced in Colombia from Complete Knock Down parts (CKD) till 2012, with a 2.4l 16 valve SOHC (130 PS) or 3.0l 12 valve V6 (148 PS), both engines are available as a three-door hard top, the five-door wagon only with the 3.0-litre V6.

In Venezuela, the second generation was manufactured from 1992 to 1995 under the name of Mitsubishi Montero, it was available in long and short wheel base. From 1996 to 2009 its name was changed to Mitsubishi Montero Dakar, it was only available in short wheel base with 6G72 engine and manual five-speed transmission.

In China, the second generation Pajero remains popular as it was involved in early joint ventures from the 1990s. Companies include Guangtong Motors, Jincheng Motors, Jinhui Motors, Sanjiu Motors, Sanxing Motors, Shanlu Motors and Wanli Motors.

Chinese car manufacturer Shanlu Motors made their version of the Pajero known as the CJY 6421D and was produced from 1997 to 2001 and came standard with the 4G64 engine.[20] Beijing Automobile Works followed suit and produced their version known as the BJ2032 Tornado from 2002 to 2004. The BJ2032 came standard with a 2.2-litre engine sourced from General Motors paired to a 5 speed manual gearbox. The Tornado is 4880 millimetres long, 1830 millimetres wide, 1800 millimetres high and utilizes a 2750 millimetre wheelbase.

The most well known variants of the Pajero sold in China were built by GAC Changfeng since 1995. The first known model was produced from 2002 to 2014 and marketed under the name Liebao Heijinggang (猎豹奇兵-黑金刚 Leopaard Black King Kong, whereas 猎豹 can be translated to 'cheetah' instead of 'leopard') for the 2002 model year. The Heijinggang was available with four engines, the 2.2-litre 4RB3 based on the 2RZ-FE engine from Toyota, the popular 2.4-litre 4G64 engine and 6G72 V6 from both Mitsubishi and a 2.5-litre turbo diesel. All engines were paired to a 5 speed manual gearbox. The 4 speed automatic was only available on the 2002 Heijinggang with the V6 engine. Throughout its production run, pricing ranged between 109,800 and 302,800 (15,930 and US$43,930).

 
GAC Changfeng-Leopaard Pajero (China)

The sister model, known as the Qibing/6481, was produced from 2009 until 2014. The 2.2-litre 4RB3 was the only engine available paired to a 5-speed manual gearbox. Two models were available priced at 99,800 and 124,800 yuan (14,480 and US$18,100).

Both models were replaced by a face-lifted version called the Leopard Q6 (猎豹Q6) that year and is still in production today.[21][22][23][24] The Q6 used the 4G63 for 2015 and 2017 models paired to a 6 speed manual and automatic gearbox. The 2TZ-FE engine from Toyota was also available alongside it paired to a 5 speed manual gearbox. For 2019 onwards, the Q6 currently uses the 4G64 like its predecessors and uses a 5 speed manual gearbox. Two colours choices known as: Wild Green and Glacier White are available as standard. Pricing ranges between 119,900 yuan and 169,800 yuan (17,395 and US$24,630).[25]

The second generation Pajero was discontinued in 1999 (with the exceptions mentioned under Production), and replaced by a new-generation Pajero. After ending production, the second generation Pajero gained unwanted attention in 2002 when TLC member Left Eye was killed in a car crash involving a second generation Mitsubishi Pajero, on a highway in La Ceiba, Honduras. She was the only fatality in the crash. A camera man was filming from the front passenger's seat, and his camera was destroyed on impact.[26][27]

Third generation (V60; 1999–2006)Edit

Third generation
 
Overview
Also calledMitsubishi Montero
Mitsubishi Shogun
Production1999–2006
AssemblySakahogi, Gifu, Japan (Pajero Manufacturing Co., Ltd.)
Body and chassis
Body style3-door SUV
5-door SUV
Powertrain
Engine2.5 L 4D56 TD I4
2.8 L 4M40 TD I4
3.2 L 4M41 Di-D I4
3.0 L 6G72 V6
3.5 L 6G74 V6
3.5 L 6G74 V6 GDI
3.8 L 6G75 V6
Transmission5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase3-door: 2,545 mm (100.2 in)
2001–02 5-door: 2,781 mm (109.5 in)
2003–04 5-door: 2,786 mm (109.7 in)
2005–06 5-door: 2,779 mm (109.4 in)
Length3-door: 4,219 mm (166.1 in)
2001–02 5-door: 4,798 mm (188.9 in)
2003–06 5-door: 4,831 mm (190.2 in)
Width3-door: 1,875 mm (73.8 in)
2001–02 5-door: 1,877 mm (73.9 in)
2003–06 5-door: 1,900 mm (74.8 in)
Height3-door: 1,844 mm (72.6 in)
2001–02 5-door: 1,857 mm (73.1 in)
2003–04 5-door: 1,816 mm (71.5 in)
2005–06 5-door: 1,885 mm (74.2 in)
Curb weight5-door: 2,060 kg (4,542 lb)

Designed in house, the third generation Pajero debuted in the Japanese domestic market in 1999, and in other markets in late 2000 as a 2001 model — and in the Philippines and other developing nations in 2003.

The third generation was redesigned with a lower, wider stance and unibody construction with integral ladder frame chassis for increased torsional rigidity. The fuel tank was relocated to between the axles. This generation was full-sized SUV, rather than mid-sized, and featured a fold and tumble, reclining second row 60/40 split seat and a stowable/removable third row seat.

The SS4 system was also further refined, as bevel gears were replaced with planetary gears. This meant the front-to-rear torque setting ranged from 33 to 67, with the ability to adjust to 50/50 depending on surface conditions. The system was also made fully electronic, meaning the vehicle didn't have to be in gear to switch between drive modes. After all the upgrades, the system was renamed to Super Select 4WD II (SS4-II).

Alongside rack and pinion steering (as opposed to the recirculating ball system on previous generations), the Pajero also offered a choice of three transmissions; a five speed manual, a four speed INVECS-II automatic and a five speed INVECS-II tiptronic.

An all-new 3.8-litre SOHC 24-valve V6 powerplant was also introduced on this generation. This engine utilized an Electronic Throttle Valve (ETV), to deliver a refined cruising power with power to spare for off-road ventures.

The third generation was introduced on 2 August 1999 and was scheduled[28] to be replaced by the Autumn of 2006. It received a minor facelift in 2003. The 3.0 L engine's power was increased to 130 kW (180 PS; 170 hp), and the 3.5 L engine was given petrol direct injection, increasing power to 162 kW (220 PS; 217 hp) in the Japanese market (export versions kept the standard EFI engine, now with 149 kW (203 PS; 200 hp). The 2.8 L Diesel was retained only for developing markets, and was replaced by a new 16-valve direct injection engine, with 3.2 L and 120 kW (160 PS; 160 hp).

In the North American market, the 3.5 L engine was replaced for 2003 by a more powerful 3.8 L unit, with 160 kW (220 PS; 210 hp). This engine was later made available to a few export markets such as South America and Australia, whilst it replaced the GDI V6 in the Japanese lineup in 2005. The short wheelbase model is not available in North America, where the Montero is the only SUV in Mitsubishi's lineup with standard four-wheel drive. The Montero left the US market after the 2006 model year.

Fourth generation (V80; 2006–present)Edit

Fourth generation
 
Overview
Also calledMitsubishi Montero Limited (Mexico, 2018)
Mitsubishi Shogun
Production2006–present
2006–2019 (Japan and UK)
AssemblySakahogi, Gifu, Japan (Pajero Manufacturing Co., Ltd.)
Body and chassis
Body style3-door SUV
5-door SUV
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine2.4 L 4G64 I4 (China)
2.8 L 4M40 TD I4
3.2 L 4M41 Di-D I4
3.0 L 6B31 V6 (China)
3.0 L 6G72 V6
3.5 L 6G74 V6
3.8 L 6G75 MIVEC V6
Transmission5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase5-door: 2,780 mm (109.4 in)
3-door: 2,545 mm (100.2 in)
Length5-door: 4,900 mm (192.9 in)
3-door: 4,385 mm (172.6 in)
Width2007–09: 1,895 mm (74.6 in)
2010–present: 1,875 mm (73.8 in)
Height2007–09 5-door: 1,900 mm (74.8 in)
2007–09 3-door: 1,880 mm (74.0 in)
2010–present 5-door: 1,890 mm (74.4 in)
2010–present 3-door: 1,840 mm (72.4 in)
Curb weight5-door: 2,110–2,165 kg (4,652–4,773 lb)[29]
Pre-facelift Mitsubishi Pajero
First facelift Mitsubishi Pajero
Second facelift Mitsubishi Pajero (LWB)
Interior
3-door Pajero
Mitsubishi Pajero van

The fourth generation debuted at the Paris Motor Show on 30 September 2006. Revised interior and exterior styling were accompanied by dual-stage SRS front airbags as well as new side-impact and curtain airbags. The Super-Select 4WD II system was retained, complemented by an improved Active Stability & Traction Control (ASTC) system and electronic brakeforce distribution — as well as skid plates, heavy weight components and 220 millimetres (8.7 in) of ground clearance.[30]

The engines were upgraded with the 3.2 L diesel gaining Common Rail technology, a DPF for cleaner emissions and producing 125 kW (170 PS; 168 hp) and the 3.8 L V6 gaining MIVEC variable valve timing to boost power to 205 kW (279 PS; 275 hp). Both engines meet new Euro IV emissions standards. The 3.0 L V6 is retained for the Japanese and GCC markets. This model was only marketed in Super Exceed trim in Indonesia.

From 2009, the 3.0L V6 engine was dropped in the GCC markets, and was replaced by a 3.5L V6 engine, rated for 141 kW (192 PS; 189 hp) and 306 N⋅m (226 lb⋅ft) torque. Further revisions to the 3.2L Turbo Diesel in the 2011 model year saw the power and torque increased to 147 kW (200 PS; 197 hp) and 441 N⋅m (325 lb⋅ft) respectively. Engine meet new Euro V emissions standards. The 3.8L petrol engine remained at 184 kW (250 PS; 247 hp) and 329 N⋅m (243 lb⋅ft) (using 95RON fuel). There is also a panelled Van version available in markets where such a model can be registered at a lower tax rate.

For the 2010 model year the Pajero gained a Rockford acoustic sound system and two interior color options, black and beige, in some markets.

For 2012, the Pajero model has been minimally restyled and given an improved monocoque body and suspension.

For the 2015 model year Pajero received an updated front fascia with a revised grille, LED daytime running lights and a new spare tire cover. The interior was revised to include metallic trim, piano black accents for the VR II, wood grain trim for the Exceed and Super Exceed and additional sound deadening material. The engines will be carried over and they will include the 3.0-litre 6G72 V6, the 3.5-litre 6G74 V6, the 3.8-litre 6G75 V6, the 2.8-litre four-cylinder turbo diesel 4M40, and the 3.2-litre 4M41 common rail four-cylinder turbo diesel.

The Pajero was discontinued in Japan on August 2019, along with the release of "Final Edition" model, which is limited to 700 units.[31] It is still sold in some international markets.

SafetyEdit

2006 (IIHS, model 2001–2006)

IIHS:[32]
Moderate overlap frontal offset Acceptable
Head restraints and seats Poor

2013 (ANCAP: 5 stars):

https://www.ancap.com.au/safety-ratings/mitsubishi/pajero/2aac99

Frontal Offset:

Each body region is scored out of 4 points. Head / neck: 4.00, Chest: 3.90, Upper legs: 4.00, Lower legs:1.51

The passenger compartment held its shape reasonably well in the offset crash test. Airbag contact was stable.

Side impact:

Each body region is scored out of 4 points. Head: 4.00, Chest:4.00, Abdomen:4.00, Pelvis:4.00

Experience shows that large vehicles like the Pajero can be expected to perform well in this test.

FutureEdit

In October 2014, Mitsubishi announced the next generation Pajero will have a plug-in hybrid version, scheduled for market launch in 2018, together with the conventionally powered Pajero.[33] The Concept GC-PHEV features a supercharged MIVEC V-6 engine/electric motor plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) drivetrain, an 8-speed automatic transmission, Mitsubishi's Super All-Wheel Control (S-AWC) full-time all-wheel drive.[34]

During the 2015 Tokyo Motor Show, Mitsubishi's president and chief operating officer, Tetsuro Aikawa, confirmed that the current-model Pajero would continue in production for some time, but refused to rule out that the full-sized off-roader would be missing from Mitsubishi's longer term plans.[35]

Following Mitsubishi joining the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance through Nissan's controlling 33% stake, it's expected that the next-generation Pajero will share same platform with the next generation Nissan Patrol.[36]

Production and salesEdit

Year Production Domestic sales Export sales
1982 16,930 8,059 7,023
1983 33,605 8,076 25,886
1984 41,422 9,176 32,341
1985 59,770 11,770 49,249
1986 87,252 16,636 70,594
1987 89,456 22,170 67,021
1988 107,157 25,225 79,699
1989 116,883 36,483 82,176
1990 108,730 36,061 71,206
1991 144,988 64,381 80,882
1992 174,708 83,685 89,835
1993 158,922 67,899 88,788
1994 161,238 54,329 106,570
1995 152,102 44,933 110,365
1996 128,593 28,851 99,200
1997 136,941 26,181 111,144
1998 95,675 9,412 90,416
1999 90,524 20,189 65,212
2000 138,315 12,701 129,198
2001 91,700 6,725 85,324
2002 112,161 5,681 106,376
2003 90,929 6,035 85,863
2004 79,152 4,196 74,347
2005 69,142 2,781 66,773
2006 75,933 6,025 68,563
2007 112,103 3,818 108,982
2008 57,903 2,738 58,000
2009 48,055 2,198 44,896
2010 66,569 2,948 64,207
2011 61,603 3,209 58,842
2012 39,759 2,029 38,300
2013 55,066 2,213 52,199
2014 54,267 2,948 52,548
2015 53,393 1,665 51,340
2016 45,406 1,062 44,030
2017 36,142 1,000 35,150

Sources: Pajero 4WD 20 Year History (Japanese), Facts & Figures 2005, Facts & Figures 2008, Facts & Figures 2011, Facts & Figures 2015 Mitsubishi Motors website, Facts & Figures 2018 Mitsubishi Motors website )

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit