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Miroslav Cerar Jr. (Slovene pronunciation: [ˈmíːrɔslaw ˈtsɛ̀ːrar ˈjúːnijɔr],[1] known as Miro Cerar [ˈmíːrɔ -];[2] born 25 August 1963) is a Slovenian lawyer and politician who served as the 8th Prime Minister of Slovenia from 18 September 2014 to 14 March 2018, when he announced his resignation, and served as the leader of a caretaker government[3] which lasted until a new one was formed following the June parliamentary election. With a non-political background and as one who was relatively new to politics at the time of his appointment as Prime Minister, Cerar leads the centrist Modern Centre Party, formerly named eponymously the Party of Miro Cerar.

Miro Cerar
Miro Cerar 2018.jpg
Deputy Prime Minister of Slovenia
Assumed office
13 September 2018
Prime MinisterMarjan Šarec
Preceded byKarl Erjavec
Dejan Židan
Boris Koprivnikar
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Assumed office
13 September 2018
Prime MinisterMarjan Šarec
Preceded byKarl Erjavec
8th Prime Minister of Slovenia
In office
18 September 2014 – 13 September 2018
PresidentBorut Pahor
Preceded byAlenka Bratušek
Succeeded byMarjan Šarec
Leader of Modern Centre Party
Assumed office
2 June 2014
Preceded byPosition established
Member of the National Assembly
for Ljubljana-Vič-Rudnik's 3rd district
Assumed office
1 August 2014
Personal details
Born (1963-08-25) 25 August 1963 (age 55)
Ljubljana, Yugoslavia
(now Slovenia)
Political partyModern Centre Party
Domestic partnerMojca Stropnik
Signature

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Cerar was born in Ljubljana, and is the son of Miroslav, an Olympic gymnastics champion who later became a lawyer, and Zdenka Cerar (1941–2013), the first female State Prosecutor General of the Republic of Slovenia (1999-2004), Minister of Justice (2004) and Vice-President of the Liberal Democracy of Slovenia. In her youth she was twice Youth Champion in gymnastics in Yugoslavia and a member of the Yugoslav team. After she ended her active career, she became a coach and referee.[4][5][6] In his early years his family moved to Grosuplje. His father soon started working in his own law firm that he took over from the father of later state prosecutor Barbara Brezigar, born Gregorin. In 1967 family got larger, as his sister Alenka was born. In primary school he was a good student, particularly interested in mathematics and chess. As his father was one of the greatest sportsmen in Slovenian history, Miroslav Cerar Jr. also tried himself in sports. He played football and basketball, but he also tried himself in skiing. As a youngster he entered into music school, where he had learned to play accordion for six years. His effort soon bore fruit as in 1976 he became the lead accordion in Courier mail, which was carried by the pioneers from school to school in the wake of Tito's relay.[7]

He continued his schooling at Plečnik's high school in Ljubljana. During his highschool years he switched from playing accordion to playing guitar. He also started reading books and became fond of Nietzsche and Alan Ford. In 1980 his second sister Vesma was born. In 1981 Miro Cerar narrowly avoided death as he and his family cancelled a trip to Corsica due to Miro's younger sister Vesna getting ill in the morning. Later that day the deadliest Slovenian airline accident occurred, as the plane to Corsica where Cerar and his family were supposed to be in crashed on a mountain in San Pietro where 180 people died due to the plane crash. Later in her life Vesna married a man that lost his parents in that same accident. In the same year Cerar was drafted in military service in Podgorica (at time Titograd) in modern-day Montenegro. In accordance with his family tradition Cerar decided to study Law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Ljubljana, where he also met his later first wife Maja.[7]

CareerEdit

The 1990sEdit

In July 1990, Cerar was invited to Podvin castle, where he was a part of a group that was preparing a new Slovenian Constitution. Other authors are Franci Grad, Tine Hribar, Peter Jambrek, Tone Jerovšek, Matevž Krivic, Ivo Perenič and Lojze Ude. In the beginnings of the 1990s he became a legal adviser to the Slovenian Parliament.[8] In the middle of the 1990s he divorced his wife Maja and later married his second wife Danica, with whom he has a son and a daughter.[7] In 1999 Cerar successfully defended his doctoral thesis titled "The (I)rationality of the Modern Law".[citation needed]

From the 2000s to the entry into politicsEdit

In the early 2000s Miro Cerar became a professor for the subjects of Theory and Philosophy of Law, Comparative Law and Etics of legal professions at the Faculty of Law of the University of Ljubljana.[9] In 2005 he also participated in a groupt that was preparing a law about the so-called Erased, a group of people in Slovenia that remained without a legal status after the declaration of the country's independence in 1991. In 2008 he travels to Golden State University in San Francisco and Berkeley School of Law, University of Californiaas a Fulbright scholar.[7] In 2009 he divorced from his second wife. From December 2010 to June 2012 he was president of the Judicial Council of the Republic of Slovenia, and before that a year and a half his vice president. in the years 2000 to 2014 he was thirteen times chosen to a group of the ten most influential Slovenian jurists, and in years 2011 to 2014 he was four times chosen as the most respected Slovenian legal expert.[10]

Entry into politicsEdit

Following the resignation of Alenka Bratušek’s government in May 2014, Cerar announced that he would enter national politics.[11] On 2 June 2014, he formed a new political party called Stranka Mira Cerarja/Stranka modernega centra (Party of Miro Cerar/Party of Modern Center).[12] In the July election, Cerar's party won a leading total 36 of 90 seats in the parliament,[8] with Cerar being later appointed prime minister-designate.[13]

ResignationEdit

On 14 March 2018, he announced his resignation over the Supreme Court's decision to annul a September 2017 referendum to construct a railway between Divača and the port city of Koper.[14]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Slovenski pravopis 2001: Miroslav". "Slovenski pravopis 2001: Cerar". "Slovenski pravopis 2001: junior".
  2. ^ "Slovenski pravopis 2001: Miro".
  3. ^ [www.vlada.si/en/media_room/headlines/browse/2/ "National Assembly takes note of resignation of Prime Minister"] Check |url= value (help).
  4. ^ Umrla je Zdenka Cerar, rtvslo.si; accessed 9 December 2015.(in Slovene)
  5. ^ Zdenka Cerar profile, lds.si; accessed 9 December 2015.(in Slovene) Archived 22 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "INTERVJU - prof. dr. Miro Cerar". Student.si. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d "Miro Cerar mlajši". Mladina. 12 December 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  8. ^ a b "Politics this week", The Economist, 19 July 2014; retrieved 20 July 2014.
  9. ^ "Pravna fakulteta » Dr Miro Cerar". Pf.uni-lj.si. Archived from the original on 2014-06-02. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
  10. ^ "Miro Cerar". Vlada Republike Slovenije. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  11. ^ "Cerar s svojo stranko na predčasne volitve". Rtvslo.si. 15 May 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
  12. ^ "Cerar: Razdeljeno ljudstvo je šibko, kar vladajoči vedno izrabijo". Rtvslo.si. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
  13. ^ "Parliament Confirms Miro Cerar as PM-Designate". Slovenian Press Agency. 25 August 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  14. ^ Zerdin, Ali (14 March 2018). "Slovenia's premier resigns over court ruling on referendum". AP News. Associated Press. Retrieved 14 March 2018.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Alenka Bratušek
Prime Minister of Slovenia
2014–2018
Succeeded by
Marjan Šarec