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The Government of the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: Vlada Republike Slovenije) exercises executive authority in Slovenia pursuant to the Constitution and the laws of Slovenia. It is also the highest administrative authority in Slovenia.

The government carries out the country’s domestic and foreign policy, shaped by the National Assembly; it directs and co-ordinates the work of government institutions and bears full responsibility for everything occurring within the authority of executive power. The government, headed by the Prime Minister, thus represents the political leadership of the country and makes decisions in the name of the whole executive power.

The following duties are attributed to the government:

  1. executes the domestic and foreign policies of the state;
  2. directs and co-ordinates the activities of government agencies;
  3. administers the implementation of laws, resolutions of the National Assembly, and legislation of the President of the Republic of Slovenia;
  4. introduces bills, and submits international treaties to the National Assembly for ratification and denunciation;
  5. prepares the draft of the state budget and submits it to the National Assembly, administers the implementation of the state budget and presents a report on the implementation of the state budget to the National Assembly;
  6. issues regulations and orders on the basis of and for the implementation of law;
  7. manages relations with other states;
  8. performs other duties which the Constitution and the laws vest in the Government of the Republic.

Contents

StatisticsEdit

The longest serving Prime Minister to date was Janez Drnovšek who held the post for 10 years and 45 days (3,695 days) between the years 1992 and 2002, followed by Janez Janša who ruled for 5 years and 28 days (2,584 days). He also holds the longest uninterrupted mandate of 2,180 days, between the years 2004 and 2008. The shortest term is held by Andrej Bajuk, who was on position for 176 days. Alenka Bratušek is the first woman to take the position of the Prime Minister of Slovenia and until now the only one to do so. The first minority cabinet was led by Borut Pahor in 2012 as two coalition parties: Zares and DeSUS left the coalition. The first preliminary elections followed just a few months after the break up of the coalition. Since then Slovenia witnessed another preliminary elections in 2014, when Janša's second cabinet broke up after DeSUS and DL, left the coalition and the cabinet found itself in minority.

Current governmentEdit

The cabinet was sworn on 18 September 2014. Since then the prime minister of the government is Miro Cerar. There are two deputy prime ministers: Karl Erjavec and Dejan Židan. Both deputy prime ministers are also government ministers. The coalition was formed by three parties: Modern Centre Party (SMC, at the time named Miro Cerar Party), Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia (DeSUS) and Social Democrats (SD). At the inauguration the government consisted of 16 ministers, two of them without portfolio, with men:women ratio 9:7. The cabinet had on the day of the naming the highest number of female ministers to date in modern Slovenian history.20

 
Miro Cerar's Government in 2014
Name Position Portfolio Party Period
Miro Cerar Prime Minister Prime Minister SMC 2014-
Karl Erjavec Vice president Minister of Foreign Affairs DeSUS 2014-
Dejan Židan Vice president Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Food SD 2014-
Dušan Mramor Minister Minister of Finance SMC 2014-
Vesna Györkös Žnidar Minister Minister of Interior SMC 2014-
Janko Veber Minister Minister of Defence SD 2014-
Jožef Petrovič Minister Minister of Economic Development and Technology SMC 2014
Zdravko Počivalšek 2014-
Goran Klemenčič Minister Minister of Justice SMC 2014-
Boris Koprivnikar Minister Minister of Public Administration SMC 2014-
Anja Kopač Mrak Minister Minister of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities SD 2014-
Milojka Kolar Minister Minister of Health SMC 2014-
Stanka Setnikar Cankar Minister Minister of Education, Science and Sport SMC 2014-
Peter Gašperšič Minister Minister of Infrastructure SMC 2014-
Irena Majcen Minister Minister of Environment and Spatial Planning DeSUS 2014-
Violeta Bulc Minister Minister without Portfolio responsible for Development, Strategic Projects and Cohesion SMC 2014
Alenka Smerkolj 2014-
Gorazd Žmavc Minister Minister without portfolio for Slovenian diaspora DeSUS 2014-

Government historyEdit

First Slovenian Government in the State of Slovenes, Croats and SerbsEdit

 
Knight Josip Pogačnik, first slovene prime minister in State SHS

Slovenian National Council (Slovene: :Slovenski narodni svet) was the first executive council established in Slovenia, though it never became Slovenian parliament. The Council named on the 31. of October 1918 the first slovene National government (Slovene: :Narodna vlada). Knight Josip Pogačnik was named as the first slovene prime minister in the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (SHS). The government, that had full organizational capabilities, took care of peace and order, economy, transport, education, food, science, culture and other public affairs. The Cabinet consisted of 12 departments called poverjeništva, that were led by representatives of all major Slovenian parties at the time. The government was active until 20. January 1919, when it was relieved by the new government of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in Belgrade.[1]

List of governments of the Republic of SloveniaEdit

Assembly of Socialist Republic of Slovenia in 1990 accepted a two new acts, that allowed unification of political parties in the Republic and elections to new assemblies. The president of the Assembly Miran Potrč determined the date of the first democratic elections in Socialist Republic of Slovenia to be on the 8 of April 1990. Since 16 May 1990 (the first multi-party parliamentary election held following the 45-year Communist rule), the Republic of Slovenia has had a total of twelve governments headed by eight different prime ministers. The prime minister in the first government of the Republic of Slovenia, was Lojze Peterle. That government was formed by the coalition Democratic Opposition of Slovenia (Demos), which composed of five parties: Slovene Christian Democrats (SKD), (Slovenian Social Democratic Union (SDZS), Slovenian Democratic Union (SDZ), Farmers' Alliance (SLS) and Greens of Slovenia (ZS). Since the first government eight governments have been formed by the left parties and four by the right political parties.[2]

Bratušek's Government (2013-2014)Edit

The cabinet was sworn on 20 March 2013.[3]

Name Position Portfolio Party Period
Alenka Bratušek Prime Minister Prime Minister PS 2013-2014
ZaAB
Dejan Židan Vice president Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Food SD 2013-2014
Karl Erjavec Vice president Minister of Foreign Affairs DeSUS 2013-2014
Gregor Virant Vice president Minister of Interior and Public Administration DL 2013-2014
Uroš Čufer Minister Minister of Finance PS 2013-2014
Roman Jakič Minister Minister of Defence PS 2013-2014
ZaAB
Stanko Stepišnik Minister Minister of Economic Development and Technology PS 2013-2014
Metod Dragonja PS/ZaAB 2014
Senko Pličanič Minister Minister of Justice DL 2013-2014
Jernej Pikalo Minister Minister of Education, Science and Sport SD 2013-2014
Uroš Grilc Minister Minister of Culture PS 2013-2014
ZaAB
Tomaž Gantar Minister Minister of Health DeSUS 2013-2014
Alenka Trop Skaza Independent 2014
Alenka Bratušek Prime Minister/Minister (acting) ZaAB 2014
Igor Maher Minister Minister of Infrastructure and Urban Planning DL 2013
Samo Omerzel 2013-2014
Anja Kopač Mrak Minister Minister of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities SD 2013-2014
Tina Komel Minister Minister without portfolio for Slovenian diaspora PS 2013-2014
Gorazd Žmavc DeSUS 2014

Janša's Government (2012-2013)Edit

The cabinet was sworn in on 10 February 2012.[4]

Prime Minister
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Justice and Public Administration
Minister of Defence
Minister of Finance
Minister of Interior
Minister of Education, Science, Culture and Sport
Minister of Social Affairs
Minister of Health
Minister of Economy and Technology
Minister of Agriculture and Environment
Minister of Infrastructure and Urban Planning
Minister without portfolio for Slovenian diaspora

Pahor's Government (2008–2012)Edit

Prime Minister
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Justice
Minister of Defence
Minister of Finance
Minister of Interior
Minister of Education
Minister of Higher Education
Minister of Culture
Minister of Social Affairs
Minister of Health
Minister of Economy
Minister of Agriculture
Minister of Environment
Minister of Transport
Minister of Public Administration
Minister without portfolio
for Local Autonomies and
Regional Development
Minister without portfolio
for Economic Development and
European Affairs
Minister without portfolio
for Slovenian diaspora

Janša's Government (2004–2008)Edit

Prime Minister
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Justice
Minister of Defence
Minister of Finance
Minister of Interior
Minister of Education
Minister of Higher Education
Minister of Culture
Minister of Social Affairs
Minister of Health
Minister of Economy
Minister of Agriculture
Minister of Environment
Minister of Transport
Minister of Public Administration
Minister without portfolio
for Local Autonomies and
Regional Development
Minister without portfolio
for Economic Development

Rop's Government (2002–2004)Edit

Prime Minister
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Justice
Minister of Defence
Minister of Finance
Minister of Interior
Minister of Education
Minister of Culture
Minister of Social Affairs
Minister of Health
Minister of Agriculture
Minister of Environment
Minister of Transport
Minister of Economy
Minister of Legislation
Minister without portfolio
for European Affairs
Minister without portfolio
for Local Autonomies and
Regional Development

Bajuk's Government 2000Edit

Prime Minister
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Justice
Minister of Defence
Minister of Finance
Minister of Interior
Minister of Education
Minister of Culture
Minister of Social Affairs
Minister of Health
Minister of Economy
Minister of Agriculture
Minister of Environment
Minister of Transport
Minister of Economic Relations and Development
Minister of Research
Minister of Legislation

Drnovšek's Governments (1992–2002)Edit

Prime Minister
Vice President of Government
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Justice
Minister of Defence
Minister of Finance
Minister of Interior
Minister of Education
Minister of Culture
Minister of Welfare
Minister of Environment

Peterle's Government (1990–1992)Edit

[1] [2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Repe, Božo (2003). Oris sodobne obče in slovenske zgodovine [Outline of modern general and slovene history] (in Slovenian). Ljubljana: Filozofska fakulteta Univerze v Ljubljani. ISBN 961-237-046-X.
  2. ^ Borak, Neven (2005). Slovenska novejša zgodovina 1 [Slovenian modern history] (in Slovenian). Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga Založba. ISBN 86-11-16897-6.
  3. ^ "Prisegla je nova vlada Alenke Bratušek". Prvi interaktivni multimedijski portal, MMC RTV Slovenija.
  4. ^ "Slovenija dobila deseto vlado". Prvi interaktivni multimedijski portal, MMC RTV Slovenija.