Mines ParisTech (officially École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris, English: Paris School of Mines, also known as École des mines de Paris, ENSMP, Mines Paris or les Mines) is a French grande école and a constituent college of Université PSL. It was established in 1783 by King Louis XVI.
École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris
|Motto||Théorie et Pratique|
Motto in English
|Theory and Practice|
|Campus||Paris, Fontainebleau, Évry, Sophia Antipolis|
|Affiliations||Université PSL, Institut Mines-Télécom (Mines Télécom Institut of Technology), ParisTech (Paris Institute of Technology), Groupe des Écoles des mines, Conférence des Grandes écoles|
Mines ParisTech is distinguished for the outstanding performance of its research centers and the quality of its international partnerships with other prestigious universities in the world, which include Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, University of Hong Kong, National University of Singapore (NUS), Novosibirsk State University, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, and Tokyo Tech.
The École des mines de Paris also publishes a world university ranking based on the number of alumni holding the post of CEO in one of the 500 largest companies in the world: the Mines ParisTech: Professional Ranking of World Universities. The school is a member of the ParisTech (Paris Institute of Technology) alliance.
A school of mining had been proposed by Henri Bertin in 1765 but it was the chemist Balthazar-Georges Sage who, though not a chemist of repute, was a royalist who was able to influence Jacques Necker (1732–1804) of the value of mineralogy in training students in mining. This was achieved through the use of his own large collections of minerals, and a chair in mineralogy was established on July 11, 1778. The school of mines was begun at the mint, the Hôtel de la Monnaie, Paris. The school was officially opened by decree of the French King's Counsel on March 19, 1783.
The school disappeared at the beginning of the French Revolution but was re-established by decree of the Committee of Public Safety in 1794, the 13th Messidor Year II. It moved to Savoie, after a decree of the consuls the 23rd Pluviôse Year X (1802).
After the Bourbon Restoration in 1814, the school moved to the Hôtel de Vendôme (in the 6th arrondissement in Paris' Jardin du Luxembourg). From the 1960s onwards, it created research laboratories in Fontainebleau, Évry, and Sophia Antipolis (Nice).
The initial aim of the École des mines de Paris, namely to train high-level mining engineers, evolved with time to adapt to the technological and structural transformations undergone by society. Mines ParisTech has now become one of the most prestigious French engineering schools with a broad variety of subjects. Its students are trained to have management positions, work in research and development departments, or as operations officers, etc. They receive a well-rounded education in a variety of subjects, ranging from the most technical (Mathematics, Physics) to economics, social sciences or even art in order to be able to tackle the managing or engineering-related issues they are to face. Exchange programs are possible during the third semester with prestigious universities around the world, such as Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), California Institute of Technology (Caltech), University of Hong Kong, National University of Singapore (NUS), Tokyo Tech, Seoul National University...
Mines ParisTech provides different educational paths:
- The Ingénieurs civils degree (Master of Science and Executive Engineering), ranked among the best French grandes écoles engineering degrees, similar to that offered at École polytechnique, École des Ponts ParisTech and CentraleSupélec.
- The Corps of Mines, one of the greatest technical corps of the French state. It is a third cycle degree, lasting for three years, consisting in two long-term internships both in public and private economical institutions and courses in economics and public institutions. The admission to the Corps des Mines is highly selective as only the top students from École polytechnique, École normale supérieure, Mines ParisTech and Telecom Paris may apply.
- Mastère Spécialisé degree, (post-graduate specialization degree) post-graduate programs accredited by the Conférence des Grandes écoles, in the fields of Energy, Environment, Transport and Logistics, Informatics, Safety and management in industry and Materials engineering.
- Doctoral (19 schools) and Master (9 programs) studies in various fields.
Admission for French and international studentsEdit
For students having studied in the Classe Préparatoire aux Grandes Ecoles (a two-year highly selective undergraduate program in Mathematics, Physics and Engineering, among others), admission to Civil Engineer of Mines is decided through a nationwide competitive examination. Every year, ten applications are also accepted from students around the world according to their academic achievements.
Admission to the Corps of Mines is possible for French students at the end of the studies in École polytechnique, École normale supérieure, École des télécommunications de Paris and École des mines de Paris (these two later, after a specific examination), or from the other great technical corps of the French state. Admission in third year is also open to one Ph.D graduate.
Student unions and organizationsEdit
A Student Union is elected every year after a one-week campaign, and is in charge of enhancing the contact between students and various sponsoring industries as well as organizing events for the students.
Various other organizations are part of students' lives: the Students' Sport Committee (BDS), the Junior Enterprise (JUMP), the Arts' Office (BDA), Cahier Vert (social opening and tutoring), CAV (wine-tasting club), Catholic community, fanfare band, entrepreneur club (Mines Genius), humanitarian organizations (Heliotopia, Ceres, Zanbinou), photography club, and sailing club, among others.
Business leaders 
- Anne Rigail, CEO of Air France (since 2018) 
- Patrick Pouyanné, CEO of TotalEnergies (since 2014)
- Jacques Aschenbroich, CEO of Valeo (since 2009)
- Jean-Laurent Bonnafé, CEO of BNP Paribas (since 2011)
- Tidjane Thiam, CEO of Credit Suisse (2015-2020)
- Carlos Ghosn, CEO of Nissan (2001-2018) and CEO of Renault-Nissan (2005-2018)
- Anne Lauvergeon, CEO of Areva (2001-2011)
- Thierry Desmarest, CEO of Total (1995-2010)
- Didier Lombard, CEO of France Télécom (2005-2010)
- Jean-Louis Beffa, CEO of Saint-Gobain (1986-2007)
- Jean-Martin Folz, CEO of PSA Peugeot Citroën (1995-2007)
- Denis Ranque, CEO of Thales Group (1998-2009)
- Noël Forgeard, former CEO of Airbus (1998-2005) and EADS (2005-2006)
- Francis Mer, CEO of Usinor (1986-2001) and former Minister of Finances of France (2002-2004)
- Eckley Brinton Coxe (1839-1895), Owner Coxe Brothers and Company, Pennsylvania State Senator
Academics & Scientists
- Maurice Allais (1911–2010), Nobel Prize in Economics, 1988
- Léon Walras (1834–1910), mathematical economist
- Georges Charpak (1924–2010), Nobel Prize in Physics 1992
- Henri Poincaré (1854-1912), mathematician and physicist
- Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont (1798–1874), founder of geology, Wollaston Medal 1843
- Auguste Laurent (1808–1853), chemist, precursor of Organic Chemistry modern
- Alfred-Marie Liénard (1869–1958), famous for the Liénard–Wiechert potential
- Louis Paul Cailletet (1832–1913), physicist and inventor
- Jean-Jacques Favier (1949–), astronaut
- Marie-Adolphe Carnot, (1839-1920), French chemist, mining engineer and politician, having uranium ore carnotite named after him.
- Alain Poher (1909–1996), politician, president of Sénat, president by interim of French Republic.
- Jean-Louis Bianco (1943–), General Secretary of President of France (1982–1991), Minister of Social Affairs (France) (1991–1992), Minister of Transport (France) (1992–1993), députy of Alpes de Haute Provence's 1st constituency (1997–)
- Charles de Freycinet, prime minister of France at the end of the 19th century
- Albert François Lebrun (1871–1950), president of France
- Najla Bouden Romdhane (1958–), designated prime minister of Tunisia (2021–)
Energy and ProcessesEdit
- CES (Energy efficiency of Systems Center)
- CTP (Thermodynamics of Processes Center)
- OIE (Observation, Impacts, Energy Center)
- PERSEE (Processes, Renewable Energies and Energy Systems Center)
Mathematics and SystemsEdit
- CAOR (Robotics Center)
- CAS (Automatic Control and Systems Center)
- CBIO (Computational Biology Center)
- CMA (Applied Mathematics Center)
- CMM (Mathematical Morphology Center)
- CRI (Computer Science Center)
Earth Science and EnvironmentEdit
- Geosciences (Geosciences and Geoengineering Center)
- ISIGE (Environmental Engineering and Management Center)
Economics, Management, SocietyEdit
- CERNA (Industrial Economics Center)
- CGS (Scientific Management Center)
- CRC (Crisis and Risk Research Center)
- CSI (Sociology of Innovation Center)
Mechanical and Materials EngineeringEdit
- CEMEF (Material Forming Center)
- Materials Center
- PSL Research University
- Institut Mines-Télécom
- École des mines d'Albi-Carmaux
- École des mines d'Alès
- École des mines de Douai
- École des mines de Nantes
- École nationale supérieure des mines de Nancy
- École nationale supérieure des mines de Saint-Étienne
- École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Rabat
- Musée de Minéralogie
- Télécom SudParis
- Mines ParisTech: Professional Ranking of World Universities
Notes and referencesEdit
- Palmarès 2013 des écoles d'ingénieurs par Recherche. Usinenouvelle.com. Retrieved on 2014-06-17.
- Napolitani, Maddalena (2018). ""Born with the taste for science and the arts": The science and the aesthetics of Balthazar‐Georges Sage's mineralogy collections, 1783–1825 1". Centaurus. 60 (4): 238–256. doi:10.1111/1600-0498.12190. ISSN 0008-8994.
- Présentation - MINES ParisTech. Mines-paristech.fr. Retrieved on 2014-06-17.
- "Doctoral programme in French engineering school - MINES PARISTECH". www.mines-paristech.eu. Retrieved 2019-05-24.
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