Patrick Kron

Patrick Kron (born 26 September 1953) was the chairman and chief executive (Président-directeur général) of the French engineering conglomerate Alstom. Alstom is most well known for its Eurostar and TGV trains, and is headquartered at Levallois-Perret.

Patrick Kron
Presidente mundial da Alstom, Patrick Kron, em visita ao Brasil..jpg
Born (1953-09-26) 26 September 1953 (age 69)
EducationLycée Louis-le-Grand
Alma materÉcole Polytechnique
Mines ParisTech
OccupationCEO of Alstom (2003-2016)
PredecessorPierre Bilger
SuccessorHenri Poupart-Lafarge

Early lifeEdit

Kron is the son of Polish-Jewish[1] immigrants who survived the Nazi concentration camps and detention at the end of the 1940s, when they moved to France. Patrick Kron started his education after high school at Collège-lycée Jacques-Decour as a young boy at the elite university École Polytechnique in Paris, and attended the École Nationale Supérieure des Mines.[2]


He started his career at the French Ministry of Industry (Minister of the Economy, Finances and Industry, the Ministère de l'Économie, des Finances et du Commerce extérieur), where he worked from 1979 to 1984. From 1979 to 1983 he was stationed at the Direction régionale de l'Industrie, de la Recherche et de l'Environnement (DRIRE) in the Pays de la Loire.

From 1984 to 1997 he worked for Pechiney, becoming president of the Electrometallurgy Division, and later chairman of the board of the Carbone Lorraine Company from 1993 to 1997.

He became chief executive of Alstom on 1 January 2003. He became chairman of Alstom on 11 March 2003.[3] While under Kron’s leadership, Alstom was investigated by the United States Department of Justice and ultimately agreed to pay a $772 million fine. Some mid-level Alstom executives were arrested in America, and then either enrolled as FBI informants in the company, or jailed as part of that investigation, such as Frédéric Pierucci. This forced Kron to warn his other executives not to travel to America to avoid such fate. In 2015, General Electric acquired Alstom’s power generation and transmission businesses; following the completion of that transaction, Kron retired as Alstom’s CEO.[4]

The transaction was heavily criticized in France, as many in the French government considered the assets that were sold as strategic. France had initially blocked General Electric's acquisition of Alstom. But after Arnaud Montebourg's resignation as Minister of the Economy and Finance, he was replaced by Emmanuel Macron, who relented and approved the sale. Pierucci was released on bail during the same week of the purchase.[5]

The affair is frequently presented in France as an example of hostage diplomacy and economic warfare by the United States government to favor large companies in commercial transactions.[4][6] Indeed, the deal included the stipulation that General Electric would bare the responsibility for Alstom's judicial troubles in American, but the DoJ fined the remaining French leftover of Alstom anyway in December that year. Kron maintains that the controversial transaction was done for purely commercial reasons. As evidence, Kron points to General Electric's share price drop following the acquisition of Alstom's unprofitable assets, while Alstom recorded higher profits since the transaction.[4]

In 2016, he started the international consulting firm PKC&I, and became Chairman of Truffle Capital, a venture capital firm focused on BioMedTech and FinTech & InsureTech.[7] He also sits on the Board of Directors of listed companies (Sanofi, LafargeHolcim) and of a non-listed company (SEGULA Technologies). Since June 2019, he is Chairman of the Board of Directors at Imerys.[7]


He was awarded the Légion d’honneur (Legion of Honour) on 30 September 2004 and became an Officer of National Order of Merit (Ordre national du Mérite) on 18 November 2007.


  1. ^ The Wall Street Journal Retrieved 13 August 2021. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)[dead link]
  2. ^ Simons, Stefan (30 April 2014). "Alstom-Chef Patrick Kron: Der Siemens-Hasser (Alstom CEO Patrick Kron: The Siemens-hater)". Der Spiegel Wirtschaft (in German). Archived from the original on 8 April 2019. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  3. ^ "Patrick Kron". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 26 September 2020. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  4. ^ a b c "How the American takeover of a French national champion became intertwined in a corruption investigation". The Economist. 2019-01-17. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2021-05-29.
  5. ^ Pierucci, Frédéric; Aron, Matthieu (2019). Le piège américain (in French). Paris: JC Lattès. p. 396. ISBN 978-2-7096-6407-3.
  6. ^ "L'Otage » : France Inter adapte l'affaire Alstom en podcast". Le (in French). 2020-09-13. Retrieved 2021-05-28.
  7. ^ a b "Imerys announces the appointment of Patrick Kron as new Chairman of the Board of Directors" (PDF). Imerys. 25 June 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 August 2021. Retrieved 13 August 2021.

External linksEdit

Business positions
Preceded by CEO of Alstom
Succeeded by