Lycée Louis-le-Grand

The Lycée Louis-le-Grand (French pronunciation: ​[lise lwi lə gʁɑ̃]) is a prestigious secondary school located in Paris. Founded in 1563 by the Jesuits as the Collège de Clermont, it was renamed in King Louis XIV of France's honor after he extended his direct patronage to it in 1682. It offers both a high school curriculum and a post-secondary-level curriculum, notably “khâgne” (≈Humanities college) and Maths Sup [fr] (≈Science college); these are meant to prepare students for entrance to the elite grandes écoles such as the École normale supérieure and the École Polytechnique.

Lycée Louis-le-Grand
Lycee Louis-le-Grand.jpg
Front entrance of the Lycée Louis-le-Grand, in Paris, one of the most famous lycées providing preparatory classes for grandes écoles
Former name
Collège de Clermont (1563–1682)
Typelocal public Institution (EPLE)
Established1 October 1563; 457 years ago (1563-10-01)
HeadmasterJoël Bianco [1]
Students1,818 students in 2009
Location
123 rue Saint-Jacques, Paris
,
France

48°50′53″N 2°20′40″E / 48.848056°N 2.344528°E / 48.848056; 2.344528
Medium of instructionFrench
Websitewww.louislegrand.fr
The Lycée Louis-le-Grand, facing the rue St Jacques

Admission to Louis-Le-Grand is very competitive; the strict selection process is based on academic grades, drawing from middle schools (for entry into high school) and high schools (for entry into the preparatory classes) throughout France. Its educational standards are highly rated and the working conditions are considered optimal due to its demanding recruitment of teachers. Louis-Le-Grand students – called magnoludoviciens – generally achieve excellent results; topping national rankings for baccalauréat grades in high school and entry into the best grandes écoles in the preparatory classes.

Context and historyEdit

Louis-le-Grand is located in the heart of the Quartier Latin, the traditional student district of Paris. The lycée is situated opposite the Sorbonne and adjacent to the Collège de France. Its southern side opens onto the place du Panthéon, which is the location of its longstanding rival, the Lycée Henri-IV. These two lycées are home to the oldest preparatory classes in France, which are commonly viewed as the most selective in the country.

Because of this, Louis-le-Grand is considered to play an important role in the education of French elites. Many of its former pupils have become influential statesmen, diplomats, prelates, writers, intellectuals and scientists. Among the lycée’s former students are statesmen of France – including revolutionaries Robespierre and Desmoulins, and seven former French presidents – and of some foreign countries (e.g. Léopold Sédar Senghor). Louis-le-Grand was also the alma mater of writers Molière, the Marquis de Sade, Victor Hugo and Charles Baudelaire; of philosophers such as Voltaire, Denis Diderot, Emile Durkheim, Jean-Paul Sartre and Jacques Derrida; of religious figure Saint Francis de Sales; of artists Eugène Delacroix, Edgar Degas and Georges Méliès; of scientists Évariste Galois, Henri Poincaré and Laurent Schwartz. The lycée is one of only two secondary schools worldwide that can claim to have educated eight Nobel laureates (the other being the Bronx High School of Science in New York City).

Notable alumniEdit

'The Jesuit College of Paris,' wrote Élie de Beaumont in 1862, 'has for a long time been a state nursery, the most fertile in great men'.

During World War II, student Jacques Lusseyran founded the resistance group Volontaires de la Liberté.[3]Sainte-Beuve refers to Louis-le-Grand as le collège des Jésuites à Paris. [4]

LocationsEdit

GalleryEdit

Here is a gallery of the school's courtyards.

Abu Dhabi SectionEdit

In September 2008, LLG and the Abu Dhabi Education Council launched the Advanced Math and Science Pilot Class. There is a class designed for girls (20 girls) and another for boys (20 boys). Classes are taught by professors sent from France, and the classes are exceptionally taught in English.

The students who make up the Advanced Math and Science Pilot Class graduate at the end of the 12th grade and are awarded with a certificate of academic recognition by LLG. The final cohort of the program graduated in 2017 marking the end of the LLG-Abu Dhabi program.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ « Du lycée Montaigne à Louis-le-Grand », Sud-Ouest, 8 May 2012.
  2. ^ Historique du lycée par Paul Deheuvels, proviseur de 1969 à 1991 Archived 22 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
  3. ^ a b Hochard, Cécile. "Journal des Volontaires de la Liberté: Le Tigre". Musée de la Résistance et de la Déportation à Besançon. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  4. ^ Sainte-Beuve, "L'abbé de Bernis" (28 March 1852), Causeries du lundi, tome 8 (Paris: Garnier Frères, n.d. [1926]), p.3
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 February 2016. Retrieved 25 February 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit

(These pages are in French)