Auguste Laurent

Auguste Laurent (14 November 1807 – 15 April 1853) was a French chemist who helped in the founding of organic chemistry with his discoveries of anthracene, phthalic acid, and carbolic acid.

Auguste Laurent
Auguste Laurent2.JPG
Born14 November 1807
Died15 April 1853 (1853-04-16) (aged 45)
Known foranthracene
phthalic acid
carbolic acid
Scientific career

He devised a systematic nomenclature for organic chemistry based on structural grouping of atoms within molecules to determine how the molecules combine in organic reactions. He studied under Jean-Baptiste Dumas as a laboratory assistant and worked with Charles Frédéric Gerhardt. He died in Paris from tuberculosis.


Marc Tiffeneau (ed.) (1918). Correspondance de Charles Gerhardt, tome 1, Laurent et Gerhardt, Paris, Masson.


  • Blondel-Megrelis, M (2001). "Auguste Laurent and alcaloids". Revue d'histoire de la pharmacie. France. 49 (331): 303–14. doi:10.3406/pharm.2001.5244. ISSN 0035-2349. PMID 11775639.

Fisher, Nicholas W. "Auguste Laurent." Encyclopædia Britannica Mobile. 2013. web.

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