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The École des mines de Douai also called "École nationale supérieure des mines de Douai (Mines Douai)" (ENSMD) is a French National Graduate School of Engineering (Grande école d'ingénieurs) located in the city of Douai, close to Lille, North of France.

École nationale supérieure des mines de Douai (Mines Douai)
Type Grande école
Established 1878
Endowment EUR 35.6 million (in 2010)
President Daniel Boulnois
Students 977
Location Douai, France
Coordinates: 50°22′31″N 3°04′04″E / 50.3751862°N 3.0677927°E / 50.3751862; 3.0677927
Campus Douai
Affiliations Institut Mines-Télécom (Mines Télécom Institut of Technology), Groupe des Écoles des mines, Conférence des Grandes écoles
Website http://www2.mines-douai.fr/en/

Today, the Grande École des Mines de Douai trains high-level engineers and scientists (Master and PhD level) in various technological fields. Despite its small size (fewer than 200 students are accepted each year, after a very selective exam), it is a crucial part of the infrastructure of French industry.

The training is divided into 3 years. After a 2-year preparation in a national preparatory program, students must pass a selective exam to be accepted in this school. Then they complete a first year and get a bachelor's degree (2 years in the preparatory program + 1 year at the school). Their training continues with a 2-year program to get a master's degree.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The École des Maîtres-ouvriers mineurs de Douai was founded on 27 March 1878 on the same model as the École des mines d'Alès, founded forty years earlier. It was originally a vocational school providing for the training needs of skilled workers "Maîtres-mineurs" for the coal mining industry. Chief Engineers Lebleu and Peslin were its first directors. The number of admissions was 24 in 1878 and 20 in 1879, enough to meet demand, but fell to 15 in 1880 and averaged only 13 in the following decade.[1] An Alumni Societe (Société amicale des anciens élèves) was founded in 1886.[1]

On 10 February 1892 Henry Küss was entrusted with the Douai mineralogical district, including mining school, a post he held until 1906.[1] Under Kuss the number of admissions averaged 27.5. Only candidates who had working experience as minors were admitted.[1] To reassure critics who denounced training of civil servants and thought over-rapid improvement in the social status of workers would be dangerous, In 1905 Henry Küss stated that the pupils did "not need a very extensive scientific background, which they would anyway with very few exceptions be unable to assimilate.[2] By 1906, out of 393 alumni whose occupations were known, 151 were supervisors and 110 were surveyors or verifiers. From 18 January 1906 graduates of the school could be appointed contrôleurs des Mines in the colonies. By 1913 more than 80 of Küss's former pupils were working in the colonies or foreign countries.[1]

In the 1960s the school made basic changes to adapt to the recession in the coal industry. In 1965 it became a school for general engineers with two streams, Buildings/Public Works, and Mechanical/Metallurgy. Studies took four years, interspersed with five mandatory internships in companies. The school was authorized to issue an Engineering diploma in 1966. Research activity developed from the mid-1970s, and a technology incubator was founded in 1985 to support creation of innovative new businesses.[3] In 1980 the school became the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines.

EducationEdit

First yearEdit

The selected students have various profiles. At the beginning the school offers a training with general courses:

  • Mechanical engineering, materials science, computer-aided design
  • Chemical engineering, environmental stakes
  • Automation engineering, signal processing
  • Programming, algorithms, information technology, mathematics, analysis, probabilities, statistics,
  • Sports
  • Project management, team management, law, economics
  • Foreign languages: English as a first mandatory language, second mandatory language (German, Spanish, Russian or Mandarin Chinese), third optional language (German, Russian, Mandarin Chinese, Japanese, Arabic, Italian, Portuguese)

During the second semester, several elective courses are offered and give students the opportunity to learn a particular subject related to engineering topics. These courses are divided into 4 sections:

  • Materials, mechanics, design: Chemical properties - Steel - Glass and refractory materials - Mechanical applications - Advanced computer-aided design - Structural materials
  • Chemistry, environment, energy: Organic chemistry - Petroleum engineering - Nuclear engineering - Nuclear chemistry - System optimization
  • Electrical engineering, electronics, automation: Electricity & environment - Automation - Numerical signal processing - Matlab/Simulink - Programming of sequential functions
  • Computer engineering and mathematics: Cryptography and secret codes - Complex analysis - Advanced Excel - Numerical analysis - Data analysis - Web programming - Introduction to Action Script - Embedded software development

The first year is equivalent to a bachelor's degree in general engineering: students have general knowledge about several engineering topics.

Second yearEdit

The second year is the first master year. Students are required to select a minor and a major. This couple of courses gives them a very personalized educational path. There are 13 minors and 8 majors. Some minors cannot be selected with some majors.

The 13 minors (in ordinate) linked to the 8 majors (in abscissa)
Environment and industry Civil Engineering Energy Engineering Mechanical Engineering Quality Engineering Computer Engineering Industrial Engineering and Industrial Automation Technology of Polymers and Composites
Health, Quality, Environment in Civil engineering X X
Statistics of measures and risks X X
Techniques in Research and Development X X X
Structure of Materials X X X
Structural analysis X X
Manufacturing and Automation X X X
Acquisition, processing of measures and regulation X X
Hydraulics et Hydrogeology X X
Valorisation of materials X X X X X
Renewable energies X X
Mobile applications and embedded systems X X
Decision Engineering X X X
Quality and security of information systems X X X

The 8 majors offered are:

  • Environment and industry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Energy Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Quality Engineering
  • Computer Engineering
  • Industrial Engineering and Industrial Automation
  • Technology of Polymers and Composites

Third yearEdit

During the third year, in order to complete their technical knowledge students are required to study courses linked to professional positions. They have to select one group of courses among the following ones:

  • Strategic Management
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Business and Sales
  • International
  • Research and Development
  • Law expertise
  • Logistics
  • Purchasing

Academic partnershipsEdit

Mines Douai has a various range of academic partnerships with French and foreign universities. French students can go to a foreign university during the second year and/or the third year. They can also earn a double degree with some of the universities below. Foreign students can also come to Mines Douai.

Partnerships in France for an academic exchangeEdit

Partnerships in France for a double degreeEdit

Foreign partnerships for an academic exchangeEdit

Foreign partnerships for a double degreeEdit

Other schools of Mines in FranceEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Lallemand, Ch. (1922), "Notice Necrologique Sur Henri Kuss : Inspecteur Général Des Mines, Directeur De L'école Nationale Supérieure Des Mines", Annales des Mines, II, retrieved 2017-08-05 
  2. ^ Lembré, Stéphane (September 2013), "L'enseignement professionnel pour l'exemple? Économie minière et besoins de formation aux origines de l'École des maîtres mineurs de Douai (1860–1914)", Histoire, Économie et Société, Armand Colin, 32 (3: Morales de la Consommation et Moralisation des Consommateurs): 95, retrieved 2017-08-06 – via JSTOR 
  3. ^ Historique, Mines Douai, retrieved 2017-08-07 

External linksEdit