Michel Jean Legrand (French pronunciation: [miʃɛl ləɡʁɑ̃]; 24 February 1932 – 26 January 2019) was a French musical composer, arranger, conductor, and jazz pianist. Legrand was a prolific composer, having written over 200 film and television scores, in addition to many songs. His scores for the films of French New Wave director Jacques Demy, The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (1964) and The Young Girls of Rochefort (1967), earned Legrand his first Academy Award nominations. Legrand won his first Oscar for the song "The Windmills of Your Mind" from The Thomas Crown Affair (1968).
Legrand in 2015 at the Cabourg Film Festival
Michel Jean Legrand
24 February 1932
|Died||26 January 2019 (aged 86)|
|Occupation||Film score composer|
|Awards||Academy Award for Best Original Song|
1968 The Thomas Crown Affair
Academy Award for Best Original Score
1971 Summer of '42
BAFTA Award for Best Film Music
1971 Summer of '42
Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song
1968 The Thomas Crown Affair
AFI Award Best Original Score
- 1 Life and career
- 2 Musical theatre
- 3 Discography
- 4 Awards
- 4.1 Academy Award awards and nominations
- 4.2 Golden Globe awards and nominations
- 4.3 Grammy Award awards and nominations
- 4.4 Theatre nominations
- 4.5 Emmy Award nominations
- 4.6 Fennecus nominations
- 4.7 Apex nominations
- 4.8 Australian Film Institute Award
- 4.9 Prix Moliere Award
- 4.10 ASCAP
- 4.11 Golden Eagle Award
- 4.12 Others
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Life and careerEdit
Legrand, who was of Armenian descent, was born in Paris to his father, Raymond Legrand, who was himself a conductor and composer, and his mother, Marcelle Ter-Mikaëlian, who was the sister of conductor Jacques Hélian. Raymond and Marcelle were married in 1929.
Legrand composed more than two hundred film and television scores. He won three Oscars and five Grammys. He studied music at the Conservatoire de Paris from age 11, working with, among others, Nadia Boulanger and graduated with top honors as both a composer and a pianist. He burst upon the international music scene at 22 when his album I Love Paris became a surprise hit. He established his name in the United States by working with such jazz stars as Miles Davis and Stan Getz. His sister Christiane Legrand was a member of the Swingle Singers and his niece Victoria Legrand is a member of the indie rock duo Beach House.
Legrand composed music for Jacques Demy's films The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (1964) and The Young Girls of Rochefort (1966), and appeared and performed in Agnès Varda's Cléo from 5 to 7 (1961). He also composed music for The Thomas Crown Affair (1968) (which features "The Windmills of Your Mind"), The Lady in the Car with Glasses and a Gun (1970), The Go-Between (1971), Summer of '42 (1971), Orson Welles's last-completed film F for Fake (1974) and would later compose the score for Welles's posthumously-released movie The Other Side of the Wind (2018). He also composed the score for Yentl (1983), as well as the film score for Louis Malle's film Atlantic City (1980). His instrumental version of the theme from Brian's Song charted 56th in 1972 on the Billboard's pop chart.
Legrand died of sepsis, during the night of 25 to 26 January 2019, at the American Hospital of Paris in Neuilly-sur-Seine, where he had been hospitalized for two weeks for a pulmonary infection. His funeral was held in Paris at the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral on 1 February 2019. He was interred at the Père Lachaise Cemetery. He remained active until his death and had concerts scheduled to take place in the spring.
In 1997, Legrand composed the score for the musical Le Passe-muraille, with a book by Didier Van Cauwelaert. It premiered on Broadway in 2002 as Amour and was translated into English by Jeremy Sams and was directed by James Lapine. This musical was his Broadway debut and he was nominated for a Tony Award in 2003 for Best Score. Later he recorded Legrand Affair with Melissa Errico, a 100-piece symphony orchestra that included songs with lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman.
The world premiere of the new musical Marguerite from Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schönberg, the creators of Les Misérables and Miss Saigon, included music by Michel Legrand and lyrics by Herbert Kretzmer. Marguerite is set during World War II in occupied Paris, and was inspired by the romantic novel La Dame aux Camélias by Alexandre Dumas fils. It premiered in May 2008 at the Haymarket Theatre, London and was directed by Jonathan Kent.
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Legrand has won three Oscars (from 13 nominations), five Grammys, and was nominated for an Emmy. His first Academy Award win was in 1969 for the song "The Windmills of Your Mind", followed with the Academy Award for his music for Summer of ’42 in 1972 and for Yentl in 1984.
Following are a selection of the awards and nominations with which Legrand's works have been honored:
Academy Award awards and nominationsEdit
- Best Original Score, Substantially Original Score: The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (1965) - nomination
- Best Original Score for a Motion Picture (not a Musical): The Thomas Crown Affair (1968) - nomination
- Best Original Song Score and Its Adaptation or Best Adaptation Score: The Young Girls of Rochefort (1968) - nomination
- Best Original Dramatic Score: Summer of '42 (1971) (won)
- Best Original Song Score and Its Adaptation or Best Adaptation Score: Yentl (1983) (won)
- Best Original Song:
- "I Will Wait for You" from The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (1965) - nomination
- "The Windmills of Your Mind" (won) from The Thomas Crown Affair (1968) - win
- "What Are You Doing the Rest of Your Life?" from The Happy Ending (1969)
- "Pieces of Dreams" from Pieces of Dreams (1970)
- "How Do You Keep the Music Playing?" from Best Friends (1982)
- "Papa, Can You Hear Me?" and "The Way He Makes Me Feel" both from Yentl (1983)
Golden Globe awards and nominationsEdit
Source: All Movie
- Original Score:
- Original Song:
- "The Windmills of Your Mind" from The Thomas Crown Affair (1968) (won)
- "What are You Doing the Rest of Your Life?" from The Happy Ending (1969)
- "Pieces of Dreams" from Pieces of Dreams (1970)
- "Breezy's Song" from Breezy (1973)
- "Yesterday's Dreams" from Falling in Love Again (1980)
- "The Way He Makes Me Feel" from Yentl (1983)
Grammy Award awards and nominationsEdit
- Best Instrumental Composition: "Theme from Summer of '42 (The Summer Knows)" (1971) - win
- Best Instrumental Arrangement: "Theme From Summer Of '42" (1971) - nomination
- Best Pop Instrumental Performance: "Theme From Summer Of '42" (1971) - nomination
- Best arrangement accompanying vocalist: What Are You Doing the Rest of Your Life? (Sarah Vaughan) (1972) - win
- Song of the year: "The Summer Knows" from Summer of '42 (1972) - nomination
- Best Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s): "The Summer Knows" (1972) - nomination
- Best instrumental composition: "Brian's Song" [TV] (1972) - win
- Album of Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or Television Special: The Three Musketeers (1974) - nomination
- Best Instrumental Composition: "Images" (1975) win
- Best Jazz Performance by a Big Band: "Images" (1975) win
- Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or a Television Special: Yentl (1984) - nomination
- Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocals: Yentl (Barbra Streisand) (1984) - nomination
- Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocals: "Nature Boy" (track from "Unforgettable") (1991) - nomination
- Best Instrumental Arrangement: "Where Or When" (Track from: "Happy Radio Days", Erato Records) (1998) - nomination
- Tony Award for Best Original Score: Amour (2002)
- Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Music and Outstanding Orchestrations: Amour (2002)
Emmy Award nominationsEdit
- Outstanding Achievement in Music Composition for a Limited Series or a Special (Dramatic Underscore): A Woman Called Golda [TV] (1982)
- Song score, original or adaptation: Yentl (1983)
- Original song: "The Way He Makes Me Feel" from Yentl (1983)
- Original score, comedy: Best Friends (1982)
- Original song, drama: "The Way He Makes Me Feel" from Yentl (1983)
- Original song score/adaptation/compilation, drama: Yentl (1983)
Prix Moliere AwardEdit
Golden Eagle AwardEdit
- Golden Eagle Award: Outstanding contribution to world cinema (2002)
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- Chinen, Nate (10 March 2007). "Music in Review; Michel Legrand". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- "Michel Legrand". Songwriters Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 4 June 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- "Oscar-winning 'Umbrellas of Cherbourg' composer Legrand dies". Ctvnews.ca.
- "Windmills of Your Mind writer Legrand dies". Bbc.com. 26 January 2019.
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- "Tributes to Michel Legrand mark the composer's passing". Rte.ie. 26 January 2019.
- "Oscar-winning composer Michel Legrand dies aged 86 | DW | 26.01.2019". Dw.com.
- France-Presse, Agence (26 January 2019). "Michel Legrand, Oscar-winning composer, dies aged 86". Theguardian.com.
- Burlingame, Jon (26 January 2019). "Michel Legrand, Oscar-Winning Composer, Dies at 86". Variety.com.
- "Band of the Week: Beach House". Archived from the original on 7 June 2008.
- Anderson, John (26 January 2019). "Michel Legrand, Pianist and Film Composer, Dies at 86". The New York Times.
- "Mort de Michel Legrand: Le compositeur était hospitalisé, son état s'est « subitement dégradé". La Voix du Nord.fr (in French). 28 January 2019. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "Michel Legrand : Macha Méril raconte en larmes les derniers instants de son mari (VIDEO)". programme-tv.net. 30 January 2019. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- ICI.Radio-Canada.ca, Zone Arts-. "Les funérailles de Michel Legrand seront célébrées vendredi à Paris". Radio-Canada.ca.
- Post, The Jakarta. "Stars flock to funeral of legendary film composer Legrand". The Jakarta Post.
- France-Presse, Agence (26 January 2019). "Michel Legrand, Oscar-winning composer, dies aged 86". The Guardian.
- "THEATER REVIEW; A French Milquetoast's Talent Lights the Fuse of Mischief". The New York Times. 21 October 2002.
- "Opening Night of Legrand's Amour". Broadway.com.
- Peikert, Mark (26 January 2019). "Amour and The Umbrellas of Cherbourg Composer Michel Legrand Dead at 86". Playbill.com.
- Gans, Andrew (18 October 2011). "It's a 'Legrand Affair' for Melissa Errico: New CD Due in Stores Oct. 18; Plus EXCLUSIVE Video". Tlaybill.com. Archived from the original on 19 August 2013.
- "New Musical From 'Les Miz' Team". The New York Times. 10 July 2007.
- "Legrand Awards", AllMovie.com, retrieved 30 January 2019
- "1965 Academy Awards", Infoplease.com, retrieved 29 January 2019
- "1968 Academy Awards", Infoplease.com, retrieved 29 January 2019
- "'Pieces of Dreams' Awards", Tcm.com, retrieved 30 January 2019
- " 'The Thomas Crown Affair' Golden Globe Winners and Nominees", Goldenglobes.com, retrieved 30 January 2019
- " 'Yentl' Golden Globe Winners and Nominees" goldenglobes.com, retrieved 30 January 2019
- "Michel Legrand Grammy wards", Grammy.com, retrieved 29 January 2019
- "With Michel Legrand - Sarah Vaughan - Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Other Grammy Nominees" Los Angeles Times, 10 January 1991
- Staff. "Grammy Nominations List, page 3" Variety, 5 January 1999
- Amour Playbill (vault), retrieved 29 January 2019
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- " 'Dingo' Miscellaneous Notes", Tcm.com, retrieved 30 January 2019
- fr:Le Passe-muraille
- Sommer, Elyse. "Review, 'Amour'", Curtainup.com, 24 October 2002
- "Awards List", Legrandofficial.com
- "ASCAP Henry Mancini Award", Ascap.com, retrieved 30 January 2019
- MPC · JPL
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