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The Mayor of Seoul (Korean서울특별시장; Hanja서울特別市長)is the chief executive for the metropolitan government of Seoul, the capital and largest city of South Korea. The position is historically one of the most powerful in the country. He is charged with managing an annual budget of 23 trillion won.[1] Many Seoul mayors have gone on to hold higher office. Yun Bo-seon and Lee Myung-bak both went on to become President of the Republic of Korea.

Mayor of Seoul
서울특별시장
Logo of Seoul, South Korea.svg
Park won-soon crop.png
Incumbent
Park Won-soon

since 27 October 2011
ResidenceMayor's residence, Hyehwa-dong
Term length4 years;
renewable twice
Inaugural holderKim Hyongmin
Formation28 September 1946
Salary102 million
Websiteenglish.seoul.go.kr/get-to-know-us/mayors-office/
Mayor of Seoul
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationSeoul tukbyeol sljang
McCune–ReischauerSŏul t'ŭukpyŏl sichang

Contents

List of mayorsEdit

Military Mayor Major James S. Killough 1945.

The modern office of mayor succeeds the historic offices of Hansong-bu P'anyun (Lord Mayor of Seoul).

In the modern era, there have been 32 mayors of Seoul.[2]

Appointed mayors (before 1995)Edit

Mayor Took Office Left Office Party
Kim Hyongmin September 28, 1946 December 15, 1948
Yun Bo-seon December 15, 1948 June 6, 1949
Lee Ki-poong June 6, 1949 May 8, 1951
Kim Taeson June 27, 1951 July 6, 1956
Goh Chaebong July 6, 1956 December 14, 1957
Heo Jeong December 14, 1957 June 12, 1959 Democratic
Yim Heung Soon June 12, 1959 April 30, 1960 Liberal
Chang Kiyong May 2, 1960 June 30, 1960 Liberal
Kim Sangdon*[3] December 30, 1960 May 16, 1961 Democratic
Yoon Taeil May 21, 1961 December 16, 1963 Military
Yun Chi-Young December 17, 1963 March 30, 1966 Democratic Republican
Kim Hyonok March 31, 1966 April 16, 1970 Democratic Republican
Yang Taekshik April 16, 1970 September 2, 1974 Democratic Republican
Kuh Chachun September 2, 1974 December 22, 1978 Democratic Republican
Chong Sangchon December 22, 1978 September 2, 1980 Democratic Republican
Park Yongsu September 2, 1980 April 28, 1982 Democratic Justice
Kim Sung-bae April 28, 1982 October 15, 1983 Democratic Justice
Yom Po-hyun October 15, 1983 December 30, 1987 Democratic Justice
Kim Yong-rae December 30, 1987 December 5, 1988 Democratic Justice
Goh Kun December 5, 1988 December 27, 1990 Democratic Justice
Park Seh-jik December 27, 1990 February 18, 1991 Democratic Liberal
Lee Haewon February 19, 1991 June 26, 1992 Democratic Liberal
Lee Sang-bae June 26, 1992 February 26, 1993 Democratic Liberal
Kim Sang-chol February 26, 1993 March 4, 1993 Democratic Liberal
Lee Won-jong March 8, 1993 October 21, 1994 Democratic Liberal
Woo Myung-gyu October 22, 1994 November 3, 1994 Democratic Liberal
Choi Pyong-yol November 3, 1994 June 30, 1995 Democratic Liberal

Direct elected mayors (1995–present)Edit

  Democratic (1991)   Millennium Democratic   Grand National   Democratic

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Duration
(Years and days)
Political party Term
  Cho Soon
조순
趙淳

(born 1928)
1 July 1995 9 September 1997 2 years, 71 days Democratic 1
During this interval, Deputy Mayor Kang Deok-ki (강덕기 / 姜德基) was the acting mayor.
  Goh Kun
고건
高建

(born 1938)
1 July 1998 30 June 2002 4 years, 0 days National Congress
Millennium Democratic
2
  Lee Myung-bak
이명박
李明博

(born 1941)
1 July 2002 30 June 2006 4 years, 0 days Grand National 3
  Oh Se-hoon
오세훈
吳世勳

(born 1961)
1 July 2006 26 August 2011 5 years, 57 days Grand National 4
5
During this interval, Deputy Mayor Kwon Young-kyu (권영규 / 權寧奎) was the acting mayor.
  Park Won-soon
박원순
朴元淳

(born 1956)
27 October 2011 Incumbent 7 years, 230 days Independent
Democratic United
Democratic
NPAD
Democratic
6
7

ElectionsEdit

2018Edit

2018 Seoul mayoral election
Party # Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic 1 Park Won-soon 2,619,497 52.79%
Liberty Korea 2 Kim Moon-soo 1,158,487 23.34%
Bareunmirae 3 Ahn Cheol-soo 970,374 19.55%
Green 8 Sin Jie-ye 82,874 1.67%
Justice 5 Kim Jong-min 81,664 1.64%
Minjung 6 Kim Jin-sook 22,134 0.44%
Our Future 9 Woo In-cheol 11,599 0.23%
Korean Patriots' 7 Ihn Ji-yeon 11,222 0.22%
Chinbak Yeondae 10 Choi Tae-hyeon 4,021 0.08%
Total 4,961,872 100.00%
Voter turnout 59.89%

2014Edit

2014 Seoul mayoral election
Party # Candidate Votes Percentage
NPAD 2 Park Won-soon 2,752,171 56.12%
Saenuri 1 Chung Mong-joon 2,109,869 43.02%
Unified Progressive 3 Chung Tae-heung 23,638 0.48%
New Politics 5 Hong Jung-shik 17,603 0.35%
Total 4,903,281 100.00%
Voter turnout 58.63%

2011 (by-election)Edit

2011 Seoul mayoral by-election
Party # Candidate Votes Percentage
Independent 10 Park Won-soon 2,158,476 53.41%
Grand National 1 Na Kyung-won 1,867,880 46.21%
Independent 9 Bae Il-do 15,408 0.38%
Total 4,041,764 100.00%
Voter turnout 48.56%

2010Edit

2010 Seoul mayoral election
Party # Candidate Votes Percentage
Grand National 1 Oh Se-hoon 2,086,127 47.43%
Democratic 2 Han Myeong-sook 2,059,715 46.83%
New Progressive 4 Roh Hoe-chan 143,459 3.26%
Liberty Forward 3 Ji Sang-wook 90,032 2.04%
Future Union 5 Seok Jong-hyun 18,339 0.41%
Total 4,397,672 100.00%
Voter turnout 53.90%

2006Edit

2006 Seoul mayoral election
Party # Candidate Votes Percentage
Grand National 2 Oh Se-hoon 2,409,760 61.05%
Uri 1 Kang Kum-sil 1,077,890 27.31%
Democratic 3 Park Joo-sun 304,565 7.71%
Democratic Labor 4 Kim Jong-chul 117,421 2.97%
People First 5 Lim Woong-kyun 14,111 0.35%
Independent 8 Baek Seung-won 13,808 0.34%
Citizens 6 Lee Gwi-sun 4,790 0.12%
Hanmijun 5 Lee Tae-hee 4,481 0.11%
Total 3,946,826 100.00%
Voter turnout 49.83%

2002Edit

2002 Seoul mayoral election
Party # Candidate Votes Percentage
Grand National 1 Lee Myung-bak 1,819,057 52.28%
Millennium Democratic 2 Kim Min-seok 1,496,754 43.02%
Democratic Labor 4 Lee Moon-ok 87,965 2.52%
Independent 6 Lee Kyung-hee 34,313 0.98%
Green Peace 3 Lim Sam-jin 28,034 0.80%
Socialist 5 Won Yong-soo 12,982 0.37%
Total 3,479,105 100.00%
Voter turnout 45.80%

1998Edit

1998 Seoul mayoral election
Party # Candidate Votes Percentage
National Congress 2 Goh Kun 1,838,348 53.46%
Grand National 1 Choi Byung-ryul 1,512,854 43.99%
Independent 3 Lee Byung-ho 87,495 2.54%
Total 3,438,697 100.00%
Voter turnout 47.13%

1995Edit

1995 Seoul mayoral election
Party # Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic 2 Cho Soon 2,051,441 42.35%
Independent 7 Park Chan-jong 1,623,356 33.51%
Democratic Liberal 1 Chung Won-shik 1,001,446 20.67%
Independent 9 Hwang San-sung 97,709 2.01%
People First 3 Park Hong-rae 25,054 0.51%
Independent 6 Kim Ok-sun 17,728 0.36%
Korea 4 Goh Soon-bok 10,488 0.21%
Independent 5 Kim Myung-ho 9,992 0.20%
Independent 8 Chung Ki-yong 6,156 0.12%
Total 4,843,370 100.00%
Voter turnout 66.18%

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "2013년도 서울시 예산안 발표(2012.11.1)". finance.seoul.go.kr.
  2. ^ "Successive Mayors". Archived from the original on 2006-05-25. Retrieved 2006-05-21. With the exception of Kim Sangdon in 1960, the position was an appointed post until 1995, since when mayors are elected by popular vote. Some names have been adapted in accordance with Wikipedia conventions.
  3. ^ Elected, under the Second Republic.

External linksEdit