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To avoid confusion, all the names on this list follow the Eastern order convention (family name first, given name second) for consistency.
Presidential Standard and Seal of the President of South Korea

Since the establishment of the South Korean state in 1948, twelve people have served nineteen terms as president of South Korea. Under the Constitution of South Korea, the president is the country's head of state as well as its head of government. The president is also the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces.

The presidential term has been set at five years since 1988. It was previously set at four years from 1948 to 1972, six years from 1972 to 1981, and seven years from 1981 to 1988. Since 1981, the president has been barred from reelection. The president must be a South Korean citizen, at least 40 years old, who has lived in South Korea for 5 years.

Contents

List of Presidents of the Republic of KoreaEdit

Ideologies:   Conservative   Centrist   Liberal   Progressive   Military   Independent

President of the First RepublicEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Tenure
(Years and days)
Political party Term
(elected)
1   Rhee Syng-man
이승만
李承晩

(1875–1965)
24 July 1948 27 April 1960 11 years, 278 days NARRKI
Liberal
1 (1948)
2 (1952)
3 (1956)
4 (March 1960)[note 1]
During this interval, Minister of Foreign Affairs Heo Jeong (허정 / 許政) was Acting President.

President of the Second RepublicEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Tenure
(Years and days)
Political party Term
(elected)
During this interval, Speaker of the National Assembly (House of Commons) Gwak Sang-hun (곽상훈 / 郭尙勳) was Acting President.
During this interval, Prime Minister Heo Jeong (허정 / 許政) was Acting President.
During this interval, Speaker of the National Assembly (Senate) Baek Nak-jun (백낙준 / 白樂濬) was Acting President.
2   Yun Bo-seon
윤보선
尹潽善

(1897–1990)
12 August 1960 24 March 1962 1 year, 224 days Democratic
New Democratic
4 (August 1960)

Chairman of the Supreme Council for National ReconstructionEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Tenure
(Years and days)
Political party Term
(elected)
  General
Park Chung-hee
박정희
朴正熙

(1917–1979)
24 March 1962 17 December 1963 1 year, 268 days Military Acting President

President of the Third RepublicEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Tenure
(Years and days)
Political party Term
(elected)
3   Park Chung-hee
박정희
朴正熙

(1917–1979)
17 December 1963 26 December 1972 9 years, 9 days Democratic Republican 5 (1963)
6 (1967)
7 (1971)

Presidents of the Fourth RepublicEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Tenure
(Years and days)
Political party Term
(elected)
(3)   Park Chung-hee
박정희
朴正熙

(1917–1979)
27 December 1972 26 October 1979 6 years, 303 days Democratic Republican 8 (1972)
9 (1978)
During this interval, Prime Minister Choi Kyu-hah (최규하 / 崔圭夏), was Acting President.
4   Choi Kyu-hah
최규하
崔圭夏

(1919–2006)
6 December 1979 16 August 1980 254 days Independent 10 (1979)
During this interval, Acting Prime Minister Pak Choong-hoon (박충훈 / 朴忠勳), was Acting President.
5   Chun Doo-hwan
전두환
全斗煥

(born 1931)
1 September 1980 25 February 1981 177 days Democratic Justice 11 (1980)

President of the Fifth RepublicEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Tenure
(Years and days)
Political party Term
(elected)
(5)   Chun Doo-hwan
전두환
全斗煥

(born 1931)
25 February 1981 24 February 1988 6 years, 364 days Democratic Justice 12 (1981)

Presidents of the Sixth RepublicEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Tenure
(Years and days)
Political party Term
(elected)
6   Roh Tae-woo
노태우
盧泰愚

(born 1932)
25 February 1988 25 February 1993 5 years, 0 days Democratic Justice
Democratic Liberal
Independent
13 (1987)
7   Kim Young-sam
김영삼
金泳三

(1927–2015)
25 February 1993 25 February 1998 5 years, 0 days Democratic Liberal
New Korea
Independent
14 (1992)
8   Kim Dae-jung
김대중
金大中

(1924–2009)
25 February 1998 25 February 2003 5 years, 0 days National Congress for New Politics
Millennium Democratic
Independent
15 (1997)
9   Roh Moo-hyun
노무현
盧武鉉

(1946–2009)
25 February 2003 25 February 2008 5 years, 0 days Millennium Democratic
Independent
Uri
Independent
16 (2002)
From 12 March 2004 until 14 May 2004, Prime Minister Goh Kun (고건 / 高建) served as an Acting President for Roh Moo-hyun.
10   Lee Myung-bak
이명박
李明博

(born 1941)
25 February 2008 25 February 2013 5 years, 0 days Grand National
Saenuri
17 (2007)
11   Park Geun-hye
박근혜
朴槿惠

(born 1952)
25 February 2013 10 March 2017 4 years, 13 days Saenuri
Liberty Korea
18 (2012)
From 9 December 2016 until 10 March 2017, Prime Minister Hwang Kyo-ahn (황교안 / 黃敎安) served as an Acting President for Park Geun-hye.
During this interval, Prime Minister Hwang Kyo-ahn (황교안 / 黃敎安) was Acting President.
12   Moon Jae-in
문재인
文在寅

(born 1953)
10 May 2017 Incumbent 2 years, 64 days Democratic 19 (2017)

TimelineEdit

Moon Jae-inPark Geun-hyeLee Myung-bakRoh Moo-hyunKim Dae-jungKim Young-samRoh Tae-wooChun Doo-hwanChoi Kyu-hahPark Chung-heeYun PosunSyngman Rhee 

BirthplacesEdit

Birthplaces of the Presidents of South Korea since the state's establishment in 1948. Lee Myung-bak (born in Osaka, Japan) is not shown.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The election was nullified.

ReferencesEdit