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The Democratic Justice Party (DJP) (민주정의당) was the ruling party of South Korea from 1980 to 1988. It was formed in 1980 as the Democratic Republican Party and was the political vehicle for Chun Doo-hwan.

Democratic Justice Party

민주정의당
Minju Jeonguidang
FounderChun Doo-hwan
Founded1 September 1980
Dissolved22 January 1990
Preceded byDemocratic Republican Party
Merged intoDemocratic Liberal Party
HeadquartersSeoul, South Korea
IdeologyNational Conservatism
Anti-communism
Korean nationalism
Authoritarianism
Political positionRight-wing to far-right[1]
ColoursLight blue and red
Democratic Justice Party
Hangul
민주정의당
Hanja
民主正義黨
Revised RomanizationMinju Jeong-uidang
McCune–ReischauerMinju Chŏng-ŭitang

When 1979, Park Chung-hee's assassination, Chun Doo-hwan of the party created it the 'Democratic Justice Party' in 1980. Even though a less authoritarian constitution was enacted that year, the political system was rigged heavily in favor of the DJP. The situation changed in 1987, when DJP presidential candidate Roh Tae Woo promised that year's election would be free and democratic. In 1990, the DJP merged with Kim Young Sam's Reunification Democratic Party and Kim Jong-pil's New Democratic Republican Party to form the Democratic Liberal Party.

Contents

Election resultsEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Candidate Total votes Share of votes Outcome
1981 Chun Doo-hwan 4,755 (electoral vote) 90.2%' Elected  Y
1987 Roh Tae-woo 8,282,738 36.6% Elected  Y

Legislative electionsEdit

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
1981
151 / 276
5,776,624 35.6%  83 seats; Majority Chun Doo-hwan
1985
148 / 276
7,040,811 34.0%  3 seats; Majority Chun Doo-hwan
1988
125 / 299
6,675,494 34.0%  23 seats; Minority Roh Tae-woo

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kim, Youngmi (2011), The Politics of Coalition in Korea: Between institutions and culture, Routledge, p. 36