2011 Seoul mayoral by-election

The 2011 Seoul mayoral by-election was held on 26 October 2011 after Oh Se-hoon resigned due to his failure in the Seoul Free Lunch Referendum. It was part of the by-elections in 2011.

2011 Seoul mayoral by-election

← 2010 26 October 2011 2014 →
Turnout4,066,566 (48.56%)
  Seoul Kimchi Making Sharing Festival 03.jpg Korea Special Olympics Na Kyung-Won 10.jpg
Candidate Park Won-soon Na Kyung-won
Party Independent Grand National
Alliance DP, DLP
Popular vote 2,158,476 1,867,880
Percentage 53.41% 46.21%

Mayor before election

Oh Se-hoon
Grand National

Elected Mayor

Park Won-soon
Independent

BackgroundEdit

As the controversy over the free school lunch program has not subsided, Mayor of Seoul Oh Se-hoon proposed a local referendum to the Seoul Metropolitan Council to directly ask the citizens' opinions regarding the free school lunch program.[1] But the Metropolitan Council rejected his proposal, finally under the leadership of Mayor Oh, it decided to hold a local referendum on the scope of free school lunch, and the vote was scheduled to take place on 24 August 2011.

On 21 August, Mayor Oh announced three days before the referendum that he would step down if he lost because of unachievable voter turnout not achieved or low approval ratings after counting.

In the referendum held on 24 August, it was not able to count the votes because it was less than the minimum turnout rate of 33.3%. This has raised interest in the timing of Oh's resignation, because the by-election date will vary depending on his resignation date.[2] If he resigns after 30 September 2011, the mayoral by-election will take with the legislative election on 11 April 2012. So the Grand National Party called for him to resign in October 2011. However, Mayor Oh announced his resignation on 26 August.[3]

Selection of candidatesEdit

Grand National PartyEdit

Na Kyung-won was the only candidate in the Grand National Party to run alone. Other candidates initially ran, but withdrew.

Pan-oppositionEdit

The candidate who received the highest support in pan-opposition was Ahn Cheol-soo. However, he was on 6 September 2011, expressed its endorsement of Park Won-soon, a lawyer.[4][5]

On 3 October 2011, pan-opposition primary were held to claimed unification of opposition candidates. In this primary, Park Won-soon was elected as the single candidate for the pan-opposition bloc by defeating Park Young-sun of the Democratic Party and Choi Kyu-youp of the Democratic Labor Party.[6]

Final candidatesEdit

ResultsEdit

SummaryEdit

2011 Seoul mayoral by-election
Party Candidate Votes %
Independent Park Won-soon
(endorsed by DP, DLP)
2,158,476 53.41
Grand National Na Kyung-won 1,867,880 46.21
Independent Bae Il-do 15,408 0.38
Total votes 4,041,764 100.00
Rejected ballots 24,793
Turnout 4,066,566 48.56
Registered electors 8,374,067

By districtsEdit

Districts Na Kyung-won
GNP
Bae Il-do
Ind.
Park Won-soon
Ind.
Total
votes
Votes % Votes % Votes %
Jongno District 31,926 45.63 277 0.40 37,770 53.98 69,973
Jung District 26,564 47.66 210 0.38 28,965 51.97 55,739
Yongsan District 50,847 51.83 338 0.35 46,923 47.83 98,108
Seongdong District 54,059 45.33 435 0.37 64,766 54.31 119,260
Gwangjin District 63,128 43.81 514 0.36 80,449 55.83 144,091
Dongdaemun District 65,140 45.24 614 0.43 78,221 54.33 143,975
Jungnang District 68,501 44.76 676 0.44 83,870 54.80 153,047
Seongbuk District 81,902 42.74 743 0.39 108,976 56.87 191,621
Gangbuk District 54,531 42.57 555 0.43 72,981 56.97 128,097
Dobong District 64,110 44.88 567 0.40 78,179 54.73 142,856
Nowon District 104,251 44.08 955 0.40 131,293 55.52 236,499
Eunpyeong District 78,252 42.65 712 0.39 104,533 56.97 183,497
Seodaemun District 55,181 43.04 495 0.39 72,542 56.58 128,218
Mapo District 67,297 42.01 511 0.32 92,375 57.67 160,183
Yangcheon District 89,227 45.98 1,052 0.54 103,780 53.48 194,059
Gangseo District 95,934 44.14 874 0.40 120,537 55.46 217,345
Guro District 71,850 43.15 646 0.39 94,015 56.46 166,511
Geumcheon District 36,194 41.12 402 0.46 51,418 58.42 88,014
Yeongdeungpo District 73,833 46.01 567 0.35 86,069 53.64 160,469
Dongjak District 73,341 43.60 583 0.35 94,283 56.05 168,207
Gwanak District 78,473 36.86 857 0.40 133,587 62.74 212,917
Seocho District 111,014 60.12 488 0.26 73,139 39.61 184,641
Gangnam District 140,109 61.33 672 0.29 87,657 38.37 228,438
Songpa District 140,183 51.12 947 0.35 133,087 48.53 274,217
Gangdong District 92,033 47.98 718 0.37 99,061 51.65 191,812
Total 1,867,880 46.21 15,408 0.38 2,158,476 53.41 4,041,764

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "서울시의회 "무상급식, 학부모 투표하자" vs 市는 반대… 갈등 다시 가열". Kukmin Ilbo. 15 April 2011.
  2. ^ "오세훈 사퇴 불가피...서울시장 보선 10월 or 4월". The Asia Business Daily (아시아경제). 24 August 2011.
  3. ^ "오세훈, 서울시장직 전격 사퇴 "주민투표 결과에 책임"". My Daily (마이데일리). 26 August 2011.
  4. ^ "아무 조건 없습니다" 안철수 깨끗한 양보". The Hankyoreh. 7 September 2011.
  5. ^ "안철수-박원순 '아름다운 합의' 17분". Media Today (미디어오늘). 6 September 2011.
  6. ^ ""변화 바라는 시민의 승리"…박원순, 野 서울시장 후보 확정". Pressian. 3 October 2011.