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Total Lunar Eclipse
May 4–5, 2004 [1]
Total lunar eclipse May 4 2004-Jpeter smith.jpg
Haifa, Israel
Lunar eclipse chart close-04may04.png
The moon's path through the Earth's shadow.
Series (and member) 131 (33 of 72)
Duration (hr:mn:sc)
Totality 1:15:28
Partial 3:23:12
Penumbral 5:15:43
Contacts
P1 17:52:20 UTC
U1 18:48:38 UTC
U2 19:52:29 UTC
Greatest 20:30:13 UTC
U3 21:07:57 UTC
U4 22:11:50 UTC
P4 23:08:03 UTC
Lunar eclipse chart-04may04.png
The moon's path across shadow in Libra.

A total lunar eclipse took place on May 4, 2004, the first of two total lunar eclipses in 2004, the second being on October 28, 2004.

Contents

VisibilityEdit

 

It was visible throughout most of Europe and Asia, eastern Africa, Indian Ocean and western South America including the Pacific Ocean. The eclipse seen in eastern Asia before sunrise and western South America after sunset. The eclipse was seen over and the Philippines at dawn. Mid Eclipse was visible during moonset in Eastern Australia.

Related lunar eclipsesEdit

Lunar year seriesEdit

It is the third of four lunar year cycles, repeating every 354 days.


Saros seriesEdit

Lunar Saros series 131, has 72 lunar eclipses. Solar Saros 138 interleaves with this lunar saros with an event occurring every 9 years 5 days alternating between each saros series.

This eclipse series began in AD 1427 with a partial eclipse at the southern edge of the Earth's shadow when the Moon was close to its descending node. Each successive Saros cycle, the Moon's orbital path is shifted northward with respect to the Earth's shadow, with the first total eclipse occurring in 1950. For the following 252 years, total eclipses occur, with the central eclipse being predicted to occur in 2078. The first partial eclipse after this is predicted to occur in the year 2220, and the final partial eclipse of the series will occur in 2707. The total lifetime of the lunar Saros series 131 is 1280 years. Solar Saros 138 interleaves with this lunar saros with an event occurring every 9 years 5 days alternating between each saros series.

Because of the ⅓ fraction of days in a Saros cycle, the visibility of each eclipse will differ for an observer at a given fixed locale. For the lunar Saros series 131, the first total eclipse of 1950 had its best visibility for viewers in Eastern Europe and the Middle East because mid-eclipse was at 20:44 UT. The following eclipse in the series occurred approximately 8 hours later in the day with mid-eclipse at 4:47 UT, and was best seen from North America and South America. The third total eclipse occurred approximately 8 hours later in the day than the second eclipse with mid-eclipse at 12:43 UT, and had its best visibility for viewers in the Western Pacific, East Asia, Australia and New Zealand. This cycle of visibility repeats from the initiation to termination of the series, with minor variations. Solar Saros 138 interleaves with this lunar saros with an event occurring every 9 years 5 days alternating between each saros series.

Lunar Saros series 131, repeating every 18 years and 11 days, has a total of 72 lunar eclipse events including 57 umbral lunar eclipses (42 partial lunar eclipses and 15 total lunar eclipses). Solar Saros 138 interleaves with this lunar saros with an event occurring every 9 years 5 days alternating between each saros series.

Greatest First
 
The greatest eclipse of the series will occur on 2094 Jun 28, lasting 102 minutes.[1]
Penumbral Partial Total Central
1427 May 10 1553 July 25 1950 Apr 2 2022 May 16
Last
Central Total Partial Penumbral
2148 Jul 31 2202 Sep 3 2563 Apr 9 2707 Jul 7
1901–2100
1914 Mar 12 1932 Mar 22 1950 Apr 2
           
1968 Apr 13 1986 Apr 24 2004 May 4
           
2022 May 16 2040 May 26 2058 Jun 6
           
2076 Jun 17 2094 Jun 28
       

Metonic seriesEdit

The Metonic cycle repeats nearly exactly every 19 years and represents a Saros cycle plus one lunar year. Because it occurs on the same calendar date, the earth's shadow will in nearly the same location relative to the background stars.

Half-Saros cycleEdit

A lunar eclipse will be preceded and followed by solar eclipses by 9 years and 5.5 days (a half saros).[2] This lunar eclipse is related to two annular solar eclipses of Solar Saros 138.

April 29, 1995 May 10, 2013
   

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Listing of Eclipses of cycle 131
  2. ^ Mathematical Astronomy Morsels, Jean Meeus, p.110, Chapter 18, The half-saros

External linksEdit