Duchess Marie Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp (21 March 1678 – 17 July 1755) was Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg from 1718 until her death.
Duchess Marie Elisabeth was born in Hamburg as the youngest child of Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, and his wife, Princess Frederica Amalia of Denmark. She was considered for marriage to Charles XII of Sweden, but he declined.
In 1718, she was elected Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg. However, the Kings in Prussia, who obtained the guardianship of the abbey-principality as electors of Brandenburg in 1698, tried to impose their authority over this small state of the Holy Roman Empire by attempting to influence the election of new princess-abbess in favour of their own relatives. Marie Elisabeth was elected several times during the interregnum, while the abbey-principality was ruled by the provost Maria Aurora von Königsmarck, but King Frederick William I of Prussia refused to consent to each election and Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI consequently refused to confirm the elections. The election, however, eventually went ahead but the selection of a duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp instead than a princess of Prussia caused quite a stir. Due to her territorial disputes with the King in Prussia, Marie Elisabeth turned to the Holy Roman Emperor, but without success.
As the ruler, Princess-Abbess Marie Elisabeth restored the castle, the abbey and the Abbey Church of St. Servatius, where she was buried upon her death in Quedlinburg. After her death, a princess of Prussia was finally elected and Marie Elisabeth was succeeded by Princess Anna Amalia of Prussia.
|Marie Elisabeth, Abbess of Quedlinburg||Father:
Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
John Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Augusta of Denmark
Marie Elisabeth of Saxony
John George I, Elector of Saxony
Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia
Frederica Amalia of Denmark
Frederick III of Denmark
Christian IV of Denmark
Anne Catherine of Brandenburg
Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt
- H. Lorenz: Werdegang von Stift und Stadt Quedlinburg. Quedlinburg 1922.