Maria Anna of Bavaria (born 1805)

Princess Maria Anna of Bavaria (German: Maria Anna Leopoldine Elisabeth Wilhelmine von Bayern; 27 January 1805 – 13 September 1877) was Queen Consort of Saxony from 1836 to 1854.

Maria Anna of Bavaria
Joseph Karl Stieler - Maria Anna von Bayern 1805-1877.jpg
Painting by Stieler, 1842
Queen consort of Saxony
Reign6 June 1836 – 9 August 1854
Born(1805-01-27)27 January 1805
Died13 September 1877(1877-09-13) (aged 72)
Wachwitz, Dresden
(m. 1833; died 1854)
Maria Anna Leopoldine Elisabeth Wilhelmine
FatherMaximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
MotherCaroline of Baden
ReligionRoman Catholic


A painting of Maria Anna with two of her sisters: Princesses Sophie and Ludovika.

Maria Anna was born in Munich, the daughter of Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and his second wife, Karoline of Baden. She was the identical twin sister of Princess Sophie of Bavaria, mother of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria and Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico.


On 24 April 1833 in Dresden, Maria married Frederick, Crown Prince of Saxony, whose brother Prince John of Saxony was married to her sister Amalie. In 1836, Frederick succeeded his uncle Anthony as king, making her queen. There were no children from the marriage. Her husband, King Frederick Augustus II, died in 1854.

In 1836, during the great famine of Erzgebirge and Vogtland in Saxony, Maria Anna organized the first women committees to help, "Frauenvereinsanstalt der obererzgebirgischen und vogtländischen Frauenvereine" — this was in 1859 renamed "Zentralausschuß der obererzgebirgischen und vogtländischen Frauenvereine" and existed until 1932. She constructed the chapel Gedächtniskapelle in 1855. She is known as the correspondent of the writer Ida von Hahn-Hahn (1805–1880).

Maria Anna died in Wachwitz, Dresden, aged 72.



  • Martha Schad: Bayerns Königinnen. Piper, 2005


External linksEdit

  Media related to Maria Anna of Bavaria (1805-1877) at Wikimedia Commons

Maria Anna of Bavaria (born 1805)
Cadet branch of the House of Wittelsbach
Born: 27 January 1805 Died: 13 September 1877
German royalty
Title last held by
Maria Theresia of Tuscany
Queen consort of Saxony
6 June 1836 – 9 August 1854
Succeeded by
Amalie Auguste of Bavaria