Princess Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
|Margravine of Baden|
|Consort||28 January 1751 – 8 April 1783|
|Born||11 July 1723|
Palace of Darmstadt
|Died||8 April 1783 (aged 59)|
|Spouse||Charles Frederick, Margrave of Baden|
|Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden|
Frederick of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louis I, Grand Duke of Baden
Louise Auguste of Hesse-Darmstadt
|Father||Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt|
|Mother||Charlotte Christine Magdalene Johanna of Hanau|
She is described as learned, spoke five languages, corresponded with Voltaire and made Karlsruhe to a cultural centre in Germany where she counted Johann Gottfried von Herder, Johann Caspar Lavater, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, Christoph Willibald Gluck and Christoph Martin Wieland among her guests. She was a member of Markgräflich Baden court orchestra and the Danish Academy of Fine Arts, draw, painted in water colours and had a laboratory set up in the Karlsruhe palace. Carl von Linné named Glückskastanie Carolinea Princeps L. after her, and Friedrich Wilhelm von Leysser was hired to gather plants for her. She supported herself and managed a soap- and candle-factory. Her health was ruined by a fall in 1779, and she died by a stroke during a trip with her son.
- Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden (February 14, 1755 – December 16, 1801). Charles Louis's son, Charles Louis Frederick, succeeded Charles Frederick as Grand Duke upon the latter's death in 1811.
- Frederick (August 29, 1756 – May 28, 1817) married on December 9, 1791 Louise of Nassau-Usingen (August 16, 1776 – February 19, 1829), the daughter of Duke Frederick of Nassau-Usingen
- Louis I, Grand Duke of Baden (February 9, 1763 – March 30, 1830) married Countess Katharina Werner von Langenstein in 1818. Louis succeeded his nephew Charles Louis Frederick as 3rd Grand Duke in 1818.
- Son (July 29, 1764 – July 29, 1764)
- Louise Auguste (January 8, 1767 – January 11, 1767)
|Ancestors of Princess Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt|
- Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 68.