Manuel A. Alonso Pacheco

Dr. Manuel Antonio Alonso Pacheco (October 6, 1822 – November 4, 1889) was a Puerto Rican writer, poet, journalist and physician. He is considered to be the first Puerto Rican writer of notable importance.

Manuel Antonio Alonso
Dr. Manuel A. Alonso
Dr. Manuel A. Alonso
BornOctober 6, 1822
San Juan, Puerto Rico, Spanish Empire
DiedNovember 4, 1889
San Juan
Occupationwriter, poet, journalist, physician
NationalitySpanish Empire
Literary movementLiberal reform movement, costumbrismo
Notable worksEl Gíbaro, Album Puertorriqueño

Early yearsEdit

Alonso was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico. His father Juan Francisco Alonso was a Galician soldier and his mother María de África de Pacheco was a native of Ceuta of Spanish origin. He received his primary education in Caguas and in the Ildefonso Seminary in San Juan. Alonso then went to the City of Barcelona, Spain where he enrolled in the University of Barcelona to study medicine. He finished his medical studies in 1844 and practiced his profession in Barcelona.


In 1845, he published a book called "El Gíbaro" ("The Jíbaro"). "El Gíbaro" was a collection of verses whose main themes were the humble Puerto Rican subsistence farmer and the customs of Puerto Rico.[1][2][3]

Return to Puerto RicoEdit

In 1848, Alonso returned to Puerto Rico and set up his medical office in the City of Caguas. He also became the director of the House of Benefit of San Juan, until the day of his death. In collaboration with other notable writers of the day, he published the "Album Puertorriqueño" (Puerto Rican Album), which was the second anthology of poems to be published in the island.[4] Alonso died in the City of San Juan on November 4, 1889.

Poet and journalistEdit

As a writer, poet and journalist he derived his inspiration from anything that had to do with love and his country. Alonso cultivated his verses and gave them a touch festivality. Alonso was also a member of the Liberal Reform movement in Puerto Rico and directed that organizations publication, El Agente (The Agent).

Among his poems are:[5]

  • Al Sr. D. José Julián Acosta
  • ¿Deseas, querido Pepe...
  • Boceto
  • Color moreno, frente despejada
  • Debajo de una palmera
  • El puertorriqueño
  • El salvaje
  • Es Madrid la villa y corte
  • Seguidillas
  • Todo el mundo es Popayán
  • Verás qué seguidillas

Short storiesEdit

Some of the short stories Alonso wrote include:[6]

  • Agapito Avellaneda
  • El jíbaro en la capital
  • El pájaro malo
  • El sueño de mi compadre
  • La gallera
  • La linterna mágica
  • La negrita y la vaquita
  • Perico Paciencia

Puerto Rico has honored his memory by naming schools and public buildings after him.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Famous Puerto Ricans Archived 2016-03-29 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Literature, Sign of Puerto Ricanness". Enciclopedia Puerto Rico. Encyclopedia of Puerto Rico Editorial Board. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Alonso Pacheco, Manuel A. - Language and Literature | EnciclopediaPR". Archived from the original on 2019-05-25.
  4. ^ Aguinaldos Archived 2007-10-25 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Poemas de Manuel A. Alonso – Ciudad Seva - Luis López Nieves".
  6. ^ "Cuentos de Manuel A. Alonso – Ciudad Seva - Luis López Nieves".