List of Puerto Rican writers
This is a list of Puerto Rican literary figures, including poets, novelists, short story authors, and playwrights. It includes people who were born in Puerto Rico, people who are of Puerto Rican ancestry, and many long-term residents and/or immigrants who have made Puerto Rico their home, and who are recognized for their literary work. New entries must be placed in alphabetical order and follow the formatting for the list.
|Puerto Rican writers|
- Manuel Abreu Adorno (1955–1984)
- Rafael Acevedo (born 1960), poet, playwright, fiction writer
- Alfredo M. Aguayo educator and writer
Established the first laboratory of child psychology at the University of Havana
- Jack Agüeros, author, playwright, poet and translator
- Dr. Miguel Algarín, poet, writer
Co-founder of the Nuyorican Poets Cafe.
- Dr. Manuel A. Alonso, poet and author
Considered by many to be the first Puerto Rican writer of notable importance.
- Silvia Álvarez Curbelo, writer and historian
- Alba Ambert, novelist
Ambert in 1996, became the first Hispanic author to win the Carey McWilliams Award for Multicultural Literature, presented by the Multicultural Review, for her novel :A Perfect Silence".
- Pedro I. Aponte Vázquez, historian, journalist, social scientist, professor and writer
Author of ¡Yo Acuso! Tortura y Asesinato de Don Pedro Albizu Campos.; Pedro Albizu Campos: Su persecución por el F.B.I.; Crónica de un encubrimiento: Albizu Campos y el caso Rhoads.; Locura por decreto: El papel de Luis Muñoz Marín y José Trías Monge en el diagnóstico de locura de don Pedro Albizu Campos.; El ataque Nacionalista a La Fortaleza; The Unsolved Case of Dr. Cornelius P. Rhoads: An Indictment.; Transición [short stories]; La hacienda; "Necator Americanus: O sobre la fisiología del caso Rhoads"
- Dr. Delma S. Arrigoitia, historian, author
Arrigoitia was the first person in the University of Puerto Rico to earn a master's degree in the field of history. In 2010, her book, "Puerto Rico Por Encima de Todo: Vida y Obra de Antonio R. Barcelo, 1868–1938", was recognized among the best in the category of "research and criticism" and awarded a first place prize by the Ateneo Puertorriqueño.
- Francisco Arriví, writer, poet, and playwright
Arriví known as "The Father of the Puerto Rican Theater".
- Rane Arroyo, poet, playwright and scholar
- Iván Segarra Báez, novelist, poet, author of Ante la luz de un amor prohibido and director of Revista Literaria de Puerto Rico.
- Lefty (Manuel) Barreto, novelist, author of autobiography Nobody's Hero (1977)
- Janette Becerra, short-story writer, poet, professor, literary critic, and lawyer. Author of Doce versiones de soledad, Elusiones, and Antrópolis.
- Emilio S. Belaval, short-story writer, playwright, essayist, and lawyer
- Pura Belpré, author
First Puerto Rican librarian in New York City.
- Samuel Beniquez, author
Author of the autobiographical book entitled: Tu alto precio... Mi gran valor.
- María Bibiana Benítez, playwright
Benitez is one of Puerto Rico's "first" poetesses.
- Alejandrina Benítez de Gautier, poet
Benítez de Gautier's collaboration with the "Aguinaldo Puertorriqueño" (Collection of Puerto Rican Poetry) gave her recognition as a great poet.
- Tomás Blanco, writer and historian
Blanco was the author of "Prontuario Historico de Puerto Rico" and "El Prejuicio Racial en Puerto Rico" (Racial Prejudice in Puerto Rico).
- Juan Boria, Afro-Caribbean poet
Boria, also known as the Negro Verse Pharaoh, was a poet known for his Afro-Caribbean poetry.
- Gerson Borrero, journalist, radio host and TV commentator in New York City. He has been editor-at-large of City & State NY and editor-in-chief of El Diario/La Prensa
- Giannina Braschi, Vanguard poet, Spanglish novelist, and performer of spoken word. Titles: "Yo-Yo Boing!", "Empire of Dreams", and "United States of Banana".
- Julia de Burgos, One of the greatest poets to have been born in Puerto Rico; author of "Yo misma fui mi ruta" and "Poema Río Grande de Loíza".
- Pedro Cabiya, writer, poet and filmmaker. Author of the seminal Historias tremendas. Other books include Historias atroces, La cabeza, Malas hierbas, Trance, Crazy X-Ray Boomeranf Girl, Ánima Sola, Phantograms and Saga de Sandulce. 
- Mayra Calvani, writer
- Zenobia Camprubí, writer/poet (Puerto Rican mother)
Camprubí was also the wife of Nobel Prize winning author Juan Ramón Jiménez.
- Nemesio Canales, essayist and poet
- Luisa Capetillo, labor activist
Capetillo was one of Puerto Rico's most famous labor organizers. She was also a writer and an anarchist who fought for workers and women's rights.
- Jaime Carrero, poet and playwright
- N. Humberto Cintrón, novelist, author of Frankie Christo (1972)
- Joaquín Colón (1896–1964), author of Pioneros puertorriqueños en Nueva York
- Manuel Corchado y Juarbe, poet, journalist and politician
Corchado y Juarbe defended the abolition of slavery and the establishment of a University in Puerto Rico.
- Juan Antonio Corretjer, poet
Corretjer was also a journalist and pro-independence political activist who opposed United States rule in Puerto Rico..
- Zoé Corretjer Lloréns
- Nicky Cruz, reverend
Cruz has written two autobiographies, Run Baby Run, with Jamie Buckingham (1968), and Soul Obsession, with Frank Martin (2005).
- Isabel Cuchí Coll, journalist and author
Cuchi Coll was the granddaughter of Dr. Cayetano Coll y Toste and niece of José Coll y Cuchí. She served as Director of the "Sociedad de Autores Puertorriqueño
- Ánjelamaría Dávila, poet
- Dr. José Antonio Dávila, poet
Dávila was a well-known poet during Puerto Rico's postmodern era of poetry.
- Virgilio Dávila, poet
Dávila is considered by many to be one of Puerto Rico's greatest representatives of the modern literary era.
- Anjanette Delgado, novelist, author of "The Heartbreak Pill" and "The Clairvoyant of Calle Ocho." Twice winner of the International Latino Book Award.
- Nelson Antonio Denis, novelist, journalist, New York State Assemblyman
Denis published over 300 editorials as the Editorial Director of El Diario/La Prensa, and received the "Best Editorial Writing" award from the National Association of Hispanic Journalists.
- Abelardo Díaz Alfaro, writer
- Emilio Díaz Valcárcel
- Jaquira Díaz, writer, journalist
- José de Diego "The Father of the Puerto Rican Independence Movement"
De Diego was then elected to the House of Delegates, the only locally elected body of government allowed by the U.S., and which De Diego presided from 1904 to 1917
- Caridad de la Luz a.k.a. "La Bruja", poet
She is also the writer/actor of "Boogie Rican Blvd".
- Elizam Escobar poet, author and visual artist.
- Sandra María Esteves, Nuyorican poet
- Dr. Héctor Feliciano, author
Feliciano's book "The Lost Museum: The Nazi Conspiracy to Steal the World's Greatest Works of Art" has shed a light on an estimated 20,000 looted works; each one is owned by a museum or a collector somewhere.
- Carole Fernández, novelist, author of Sleep of the Innocents (1991)
- Isabel Freire de Matos, writer, educator and advocate of Puerto Rican independence.
- Dr. Rosario Ferré, author of "The House on the Lagoon", "The Youngest Doll", and "Maldito Amor".
- José Angel Figueroa, poet
- Juan Flores, Nuyorican writer, author of From Bomba to Hip-Hop, The Diaspora Strikes Back and other volumes.
- Shaggy Flores, Nuyorican writer, poet
African Diaspora Scholar, Founder of Voices for the Voiceless.
- Félix Franco-Oppenheimer, poet and writer
His works include "Contornos", "Imagen y visión edénica de Puerto Rico", and "Antología poética".
- Edward Gallardo, playwright; works include those collected in Simpson Street and Other Plays
- Magali García Ramis, writer
- José Gautier Benítez, poet
Gautier Benítez is considered by many to be Puerto Rico's best poet of the Romantic Era.
- David Gonzalez, award-winning journalist and photographer at the New York Times.
- José Luis González, writer
One of the most prominent writers of the 20th century, particularly for his "El país de cuatro pisos" (1980).
- Migene Gonzalez-Wippler, new-age author, prominent Santería expert.
- Manuel González Pató, educator and writer in the field of athletics
- Victor Hernández Cruz, poet
In 1969, Hernández Cruz became the first Hispanic to be published by a mainstream publishing house when Random House published his poem "Snaps". In 1981, Life Magazine named him one of America's (US) greatest poets.
- Eugenio María de Hostos a.k.a. "El Ciudadano de las Américas" (The Citizen of the Americas)
educator, philosopher, intellectual, lawyer, sociologist, and independence advocate.
- Quiara Alegría Hudes, playwright and author
She best known for writing the book for the Tony Award-winning musical In the Heights.
- José de Jesús Esteves, poet, lawyer, and judge
- Zoé Jiménez Corretjer
- Dr. Lawrence La Fountain-Stokes, writer
Author of "Uñas pintadas de azul/Blue Fingernails".
- Enrique A. Laguerre, writer
Laguerre was nominated for Nobel Prize in literature.
- Eduardo Lalo (born 1960), writer
Author of "Simone".
- Elidio La Torre-Lagares (born 1965), poet, novelist, essayist, author of Vicios de construcción (2008)
- Tato Laviera, poet
Author of "AmeRícan".
- Georgina Lázaro, children's poet
- Muna Lee, writer
Born in Mississippi, was the first wife of Luis Muñoz Marín.
- Aurora Levins Morales (born 1954), writer
- José Liboy Erba (Pepe Liboy) (born 1964)
- José María Lima (1934–2009), poet, philosopher, mathematician, author of La sílaba en la piel (1982)
- Dahlma Llanos Figueroa (born 1949), writer|Author of "Daughters of the Stone" nominated and finalist for the 2010 PEN/America Bingham Award.
- Luis Lloréns Torres, poet
- Washington Llorens, journalist, writer, linguist, and scholar
- Luis López Nieves, writer
- Ángel Lozada, novelist
- Carmen Lugo Filippi (born 1940), short-story writer
- Manuel Manrique, novelist, author of Island in Harlem (1966)
- Hugo Margenat, poet
Margenat was also the founder of the political youth pro-independence organizations "Acción Juventud Independentista" and "Federación de Universitarios Pro Independencia".
- René Marqués, playwright
Marqués wrote "La Carreta" (The Oxcart) which helped secure his reputation as a leading literary figure in Puerto Rico.
- Manuel Martínez Maldonado (born 1937), physician, poet, novelist, author of poetry books La voz sostenida and La novela del medio día and of the novel Isla Verde
- Nemir Matos-Cintrón, poet, novelist
- Francisco Matos Paoli, poet, critic, and essayist
Matos Paoli was nominated for the Nobel Prize in literature in 1977. He was also a Secretary General of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party.
- Joserramón Melendes (born 1952), poet
- Dr. Concha Melendez, poet, writer
- Jesús Papoleto Meléndez, poet
- Manuel Méndez Ballester, writer
- Dr. Nancy Mercado, poet, playwright
Mercado is the author of "It Concerns the Madness," seven theatre plays, and a number of essays. Her work has been extensively anthologized.
- Luis Muñoz Marín, politician and poet
- Nicholasa Mohr, writer
Her works, among which is the novel Nilda, tell of growing up in the Puerto Rican communities of the Bronx and El Barrio and of the difficulties Puerto Rican women face in the United States.
- Rosario Morales, poet, co-author of Getting Home Alive (1986)
- Mercedes Negron Muñoz, a.k.a. "Clara Lair", poet
Negrón Muñoz was an influential poet whose work dealt with the everyday struggles of the common Puerto Rican.
- Judith Ortiz Cofer, poet, writer and essayist
- Micol Ostow, author
Ostow wrote of "Mind Your Manners, Dick and Jane". Her novel, "Emily Goldberg Learns to Salsa", was named a New York Public Library Book for the Teen Age.
- Dr. José Gualberto Padilla a.k.a. "El Caribe" poet
- Luis Palés Matos, poet of Afro-Caribbean themes; author of "Tuntún de pasa y grifería" and "Pueblo negro"
- Dr. Antonio S. Pedreira, writer and educator
Pedreira's most important book was "Insularismo", in which he explores the meaning of being Puerto Rican.
- Dr. Reggie R. Padin, writer, educator, ordained minister
author of "Get Out of the Dumpster! A True Story on Overcoming Limitations.
- Eleanor Parker Sapia, writer, artist
2016 and 2017 International Latino Book Award winning author of "A Decent Woman", A Novel".
- Pedro Pietri, poet, playwright
Co-founder of the Nuyorican Movement; author of "Puerto Rican Obituary" and "The Masses Are Asses.
- Miguel Piñero, playwright, writer
Co-founder of the Nuyorican Poets Cafe.
- Juan Ponce de León II, first Puerto Rican acting governor
His written work Memorias de Melgarejo (Melgarejo's Memoirs) is one of Puerto Rico's most important historical documents.
- Juan Carlos Quiñones (born 1972)
- Manuel Ramos Otero, short story writer, poet and essayist; author of "Página en blanco y staccato".
- Evaristo Ribera Chevremont, poet
- Marie Teresa Ríos, author
Author of the novel "The Fifteenth Pelican," which was the basis for the popular 1960s television sitcom, "The Flying Nun".
- Edward Rivera, novelist, author of Family Installments: Memories of Growing Up Hispanic (1983)
- José Rivera, playwright
Rivera is the first Puerto Rican screenwriter to be nominated for an Oscar.
- Oswaldo Rivera, novelist, author of Fire and Rain (1990)
- Abraham Rodríguez, Jr., short story author; works include Ashes to Ashes (1989), Boy Without a Flag, Spidertown, The Buddha Book, South by South Bronx
- Leonardo Rodríguez, short story author; works include They Have to Be Puerto Ricans (1988)
- Lola Rodríguez de Tió, poet
Rodríguez de Tió wrote lyrics to the revolutionary "La Borinqueña".
- Edgardo Rodríguez Juliá, novelist, author of "The Renuciation" and "Cortijo's Wake"
- Bonafide Rojas, poet, musician, Author Of "When The City Sleeps" (2012)
- Francisco Rojas Tollinchi, poet, civic leader and journalist.
- Richard Ruíz, novelist, author of The Hungry American (1978)
- Luis Rafael Sánchez, playwright, novelist
- Joe Sánchez, Former New York City police officer
Sánchez was a highly decorated former New York City police officer and author whose books give an insight as to the corruption within the department."
- Edgardo Sanabria Santaliz
- Esmeralda Santiago, author of the coming of age novel "When I Was Puerto Rican"
- Ruben Santiago-Hudson, playwright and actor
Santiago-Hudson has won national awards for his work in both areas.
- Mayra Santos-Febres, poet, novelist
- Pedro Juan Soto, writer/novelist
Soto is the father of slain independence activist Carlos Soto Arriví.
- Clemente Soto Vélez, poet and activist
- Clementina Souchet, novelist, author of Clementina: Historia sin fin (1986)
- Alejandro Tapia y Rivera, writer and poet
"The Father of Puerto Rican Literature".
- Piri Thomas, author of the best-seller Down These Mean Streets.
- Edwin Torres, "Nuyorican Movement" poet
- Judge Edwin Torres, writer
New York Supreme Court Justice who wrote "Carlito's Way".
- Diego de Torres Vargas a priest
was the first person to write a book about the history of Puerto Rico.
- Dr. Luz María Umpierre, poet, scholar
- Charlie Vázquez, novelist
- Lourdes Vázquez, poet, short story writer, novelist
- Robert Vazquez-Pacheco, author
- Ana Lydia Vega, short story author, essayist
- Bernardo Vega, novelist, author of The Memoirs of Bernardo Vega (1977, English ed. 1984)
- Edgardo Vega Yunqué or Ed Vega, novelist
- Irene Vilar, author and literary agent
Vilar is the granddaughter of independence activist Lolita Lebrón.
- William Carlos Williams (Puerto Rican mother), Modernist poet
- Emanuel Xavier (Puerto Rican father), poet and novelist
- Iris Zavala (born 1936), author, scholar, poet
- Dr. Manuel Zeno Gandia, writer
Zeno Gandia wrote "La Charca", the first Puerto Rican novel.
- listed in Víctor Federico Torres, Diccionario de autores puertorriqueños contemporáneos, Plaza Mayor, 2009.
- "Ponce". Salonhogar.com. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
-  Archived 12 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- "miguelalgarin.com". miguelalgarin.com. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Puerto Rico's Culture: Famous Puerto Ricans: A-C". Topuertorico.org. Archived from the original on 29 March 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Ediciones Callejón". Edicionescallejon.com. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Hispanic Firsts", By; Nicolas Kanellos, publisher Visible Ink Press; ISBN 0-7876-0519-0; p.40
- Hunter, Stephen; Bainbridge, John (2005). American Gunfight: The Plot to Kill Harry Truman--and the Shoot-out that Stopped it. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9780743281959. Retrieved 22 October 2013. |page=Source Notes #27. Page 431. (Evidences notability)
- Starr, Douglas. "Revisiting a 1930s Scandal, AACR to Rename a Prize," Science 300 (25 April 2003)". pp. 573–574. Archived from the original on 11 May 2013. A. C. Higgins. Science Fraud Database. SUNY at Albany. 2013. (Evidences Puerto Rican background.)
- (Bayamon, PR: Movimiento Ecumenico Nacional de Puerto Rico. 1985). Reprinted (Paperback. 1991)
- (Publicaciones René, 1991. 77 pages)
- (San Juan: Publicaciones RENÉ, 1992) [co-authored with Gregorio Hernandez Rivera]
- (San Juan: Publicaciones RENÉ, 1994)
- Gregorio Hernández Rivera. Pedro I. Aponte Vázquez, editor. (Publisher: Publicaciones RENÉ. 1993. 978-1-931702-01-0)
- (Publisher, Publicaciones René. 2005. ISBN, 1931702071)
- (Publisher: Los Libros de la Iguana. 2010. 113 pages)
- (Publisher: Publicaciones René. 2011. 42 pages)
- (Revista del Colegio de Abogados de Puerto Rico, Vol. 43, Núm. 1, Febrero, 1982, pp. 117-142.)
- https://web.archive.org/web/20111009105014/http://www.prdailysun.com/news/Best-books-recognized-by-Ateneo. Archived from the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2012. Missing or empty
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- Robin Becker. "Rane Arroyo". The Poetry Foundation. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- listed in Marc Zimmerman, U.S. Latino Literature: An Essay and Annotated Bibliography, MARCH/Abrazo, 1992.
- "Language and Literature: Belaval Maldonado Emilio S". Enciclopediapr.org. Archived from the original on 13 March 2014. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Pura Belpré: The Children's Ambassador". In Vicki Ruiz and Virginia Sánchez Korrol, Latina Legacies: Identity, Biography, and Community New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. 148-157
- "First page of the newspaper "Primera Hora" of Puerto Rico and subsequent pages 2 through 4. Edition of January 20, 2012". Primerahora.com.
- "Language and Literature: Benítez, María Bibiana". Enciclopediapr.org. 17 January 2010. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- http://artesliberales.bc.inter.edu/jquintana/TodoWeb/Todo%20PR/Biograf%EDas/Bb.htm[permanent dead link]
- https://web.archive.org/web/20110927073549/http://www.zonai.com/promociones/biografias/1201/blanco.asp. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2012. Missing or empty
- "Juan Boria". Prpop.org. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- City & State; Feb. 3, 2016; “Gerson Borrero reveals Cuomo’s new Secretary of State’’
- "Giannina Braschi | National Book Festival - Library of Congress". Loc.gov. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- The Review of Contemporary Fiction, Review of Giannina Braschi's Yo-Yo Boing, by David William Foster, 1999.
- John K (8 April 2005). "J'S THEATER: Poem: Julia de Burgos's "To Julia de Burgos"". Jstheater.blogspot.com. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Morales Boscio, Cynthia. La incertidumbre del ser. San Juan, Puerto Rico. Isla Negra Editores, 2009.
- "Mayra Calvani (author) on AuthorsDen". Authorsden.com. 26 June 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2014.[permanent dead link]
- "Zenobia Camprubí Aymar" (in Spanish). Ccgediciones.com. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
-  Archived 18 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- [dead link]
- "Manuel Corchado". Isabelapr.org. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "prcc-chgo.org". prcc-chgo.org. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- El surrealismo en la novela hispanoamericana. Luis Rafael Sánchez y "La guaracha del Macho Camacho". 2007.
- "Laíberinto en dos tiempos". 2010.
- "Run, Baby, Run"; Nicky Cruz (Author); Publisher: Bridge-Logos (1 December 1988); ISBN 978-0-88270-630-6
- "Tras las Huellas de Nuestro Paso"; by: Ildelfonso López; Publisher: AEELA, 1998
- https://web.archive.org/web/20110927074034/http://www.zonai.com/promociones/biografias/0101/josecampeche.asp. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2011. Missing or empty
- Amy Reyes (October 12, 2014). "Interview: Anjanette Delgado and 'The Clairvoyant of Calle Ocho'". Miami: The Miami Herald. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
-  Archived 7 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- William H. Honan (26 July 1999). "Abelardo Diaz Alfaro, 81; Author of Puerto Rican Stories - New York Times". Puerto Rico: Nytimes.com. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "VISIBLE: Women Writers of Color: Jaquira Díaz". TheRumpus.com. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
- "Página no encontrada - El Diario NY".
- https://web.archive.org/web/20110727063550/http://www.prisonactivist.org/archive/pps%2Bpows/elizam-escobar.html. Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2012. Missing or empty
- Estill, Adriana. "Sandra María Esteves." In Latino and Latina Writers (vol. 2), ed. Alan West Duran, 873–883. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2004. ISBN 0-684-31295-6
- "Art stolen by the Nazis". Writing.upenn.edu. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Esther Rivera Torres. "Isabel Freire de Matos". Angelfire.com. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Rosario Ferré" (in Spanish). Ensayistas.org. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Puerto Rican Poetry of The Last Four Decades" (PDF). CENTRO Academic Journal. Redalyc.uaemex.mx. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2012.
- "Municipalities: Ponce". Enciclopediapr.org. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "David Gonzalez".
- "González, José Luis." Ronald Fernández, Serafín Méndez Méndez, and Gail Cueto. Puerto Rico Past and Present: An Encyclopedia. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1998. 154–155.
- "Llewellyn Worldwide - Author: Migene González-Wippler". Llewellyn.com. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Ponce - Ciudad Señorial | Personajes Ilustres". Visitponce.com. Archived from the original on 4 February 2014. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Aparicio, Frances R. "Victor Hernández Cruz." Heath Anthology of American Literature, Fifth Edition. Paul Lauter, General Editor. Cengage Online Study Center. Accessed 10 January 2010.
- "26 Miles, Quiara Hudes' Mother-Daughter Road-Trip Tale, Gets Chicago Premiere Starting Oct. 16". Playbill.com. 17 September 2010. Archived from the original on 21 September 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Cesáreo Rosa-Nieves, Esther Melón de Díaz (1970). Biografías puertorriqueñas: perfil histórico de un pueblo. Troutman Press. p. 145.
- López Baralt, Mercedes. Literatura Puertorriqueña del Siglo XX: Antología. San Juan: EDUPR, 2004.
- Morales-Díaz, Enrique. "Identity of the 'Diasporican' Homosexual in the Literary Periphery." In José L. Torres-Padilla and Carmen Haydée Rivera, eds. Writing Off the Hyphen: New Perspectives on the Literature of the Puerto Rican Diaspora. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2008. 295–312. ISBN 978-0-295-98824-5
- "Enrique A. Laguerre". Prpop.org. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "El puertorriqueño Eduardo Lalo gana el Rómulo Gallegos de novela." El País 9 June 2013.
- Luis 1992, p. 1022
-  Archived 7 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Muna Lee: A Pan-American Life". Uhmc.sunysb.edu. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Aurora Levins Morales : Voices From the Gaps : University of Minnesota". Voices.cla.umn.edu. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- es:José María Lima
- http://www.dahlmallanosfigueroa.com/. Missing or empty
- [dead link]
- "La verdadera muerte de Juan Ponce de León - Luis López Nieves". Ciudadseva.com. 7 May 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Villanueva Collado, Alfredo. "René Marqués, Angel Lozada, and the Constitution of the (Queer) Puerto Rican National Subject" (PDF). CENTRO Journal 19:1 (Spring 2007), 179–191. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2012.
- "Language and Literature: Brief History of Puerto Rican Literature". Enciclopediapr.org. Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Rodríguez-Matos, Carlos Antonio. "Matos-Cintrón, Nemir." In Latin American Writers on Gay and Lesbian Themes, ed. David William Foster, 216–17. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1994.
- Daniel B. Zwickel. "Francisco Matos Paoli". Peacehost.net. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20120205072531/http://www.icp.gobierno.pr/bge/bge_concha.htm. Archived from the original on 5 February 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2012. Missing or empty
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 April 2004. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
- "phati'tude Literary Magazine Announces Guest Editor". Sbwire.com. 28 November 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Nicholasa Mohr Biography". BookRags.com. 2 November 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Paul Lauter, General Editor. "Heath Anthology of American LiteratureNicholasa Mohr - Author Page". College.hmco.com. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Fernandez, Ronald; Mendez, Serafín Mendez; Cueto, Gail (1998). Puerto Rico Past and Present: An Encyclopedia - Ronald Fernandez, Serafín Méndez Méndez, Gail Cueto - Google Boeken. ISBN 9780313298226. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Georgia Writers Hall of Fame | Home". Libs.uga.edu. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 February 2010. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
- Astol, Eugenio. "XVIII Hombre del Pasado" (PDF) (in Spanish). Bibliotecavirtualut.suagm.edu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2012.
- "Luis Palés Matos: Poeta". Estudiantes Al Dia (in Spanish). Zonai.com. March 2001. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20110614051008/http://www.zonai.com/promociones/biografias/0601/pedreira.asp. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2012. Missing or empty
- http://www.goodreads.com/author/show/15182989.Reggie_R_Padin. Missing or empty
- https://latino247mediagroup.app.box.com/s/agu2sbk5neg5d2yt70u5z4ogb2f479fd. Missing or empty
- "Puerto Rican Obituary". Monthly Review. 3 March 2004. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Leslie Bennets (18 June 1988). "Miguel Pinero, Whose Plays Dealt With Life in Prison, Is Dead at 41". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 October 2008.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20110930192644/http://www.cienciapr.org/history. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2012. Missing or empty
- Quiroga, José. "Ramos Otero, Manuel." Encyclopedia of Latin American and Caribbean Literature, 1900–2003, ed. Daniel Balderston and Mike Gonzalez, 471–72. New York: Routledge, 2004. ISBN 0-415-30687-6.
- "Rare Books & Special Collections // Hesburgh Libraries // University of Notre Dame". Library.nd.edu. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Michael Robert Patterson. "Marie Teresa Rios Versace, Military Spouse & Author". Arlingtoncemetery.net. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Edward Rivera, 62, Writer and Teacher - NYTimes.com". New York Times. 1 September 2001. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Jose Rivera".
- "Edgardo Rodríguez Juliá - ¡Bienvenidos!". Bibliotecavirtualut.suagm.edu. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "A poet laureate for all five boroughs: Bonafide Rojas versifies the city that nurtured his talent | New York Daily News". Nydailynews.com. 5 April 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "JUSTIPRECIACIÓN DE LA OBRADE FRANCISCO ROJAS TOLLINCHI"; by Ada Hilda Martínez de Alicea; Dept. Estudios Hispánicos Pontificia Universidad Católica de PR.
- "Luis Rafael Sánchez". Prpop.org. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Fired NYPD cop writes gritty book to set record straight". New York: NY Daily News. 16 July 2008. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Masterpiece Theatre | American Collection | Almost a Woman | Essays + Interviews | Esmeralda Santiago". Pbs.org. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Insider - Buffalo State College - College Confers Honors on Four Alumni". Buffalostate.edu. Archived from the original on 17 May 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Mayra Santos-Febres - John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation". Gf.org. Archived from the original on 3 January 2014. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- iPad iPhone Android TIME TV Populist The Page (14 May 1979). "Nation: Death at Cerro Maravilla". TIME. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20120227101005/http://www.centropr.org/faids/velezb.html. Archived from the original on 27 February 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2012. Missing or empty
- https://web.archive.org/web/20110808152201/http://www.zonai.com/promociones/biografias/1101/tapia.asp. Archived from the original on 8 August 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2012. Missing or empty
- "Piri Thomas' Life and Flows". Cheverote.com. Archived from the original on 21 March 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Aloud: Voices from the Nuyorican Poets Cafe Holt. ISBN 0-8050-3257-6.
- "Puerto Rico Profile: Judge Edwin Torres". Puerto Rico Herald. 1 December 2000. Archived from the original on 6 January 2008. Retrieved 2 November 2007.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20080816022702/http://www.prfrogui.com/geocities/hommujerilustres.htm. Archived from the original on 16 August 2008. Retrieved 17 March 2012. Missing or empty
- Rivera, Carmen Haydée. "Language is our only homelan': An Interview with Luz María Umpierre" (PDF). CENTRO - Journal of the Center for Puerto Rican Studies. Redalyc.uaemex.mx. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 April 2012.
- "Author Profile Charlie Vazquez". Bigfib.com. 14 July 2008. Archived from the original on 10 May 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Chew, Selfa A.; Vázquez, Lourdes (1 January 2004). "Un punto de vista diferente: entrevista a Lourdes Vázquez". Bilingual Review / la Revista Bilingüe. 28 (3): 265–268. doi:10.2307/25745872 (inactive 2018-09-21). JSTOR 25745872.
- Puleo, Augustus. "Ana Lydia Vega, the Caribbean Storyteller." Afro-Hispanic Review 15.2 (Fall 1996): 21-25.
- Weber, Bruce (9 September 2008). "Edgardo Vega Yunqué, Novelist of the Puerto Rican Experience in New York, Dies at 72". New York Times.
- Abcarian, Robin (13 October 2009). "Memoir of a former abortion addict - Los Angeles Times". Latimes.com. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Colgan, Richard (2009) Advice to the Young Physician: On the Art of Medicine. Springer Press. p120
- "En El Mundo De Iris. Entrevista A Iris Zavala Por Domingo Luis Hernбndez". Barcelonareview.com. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "La Charca, de Manuel Zeno Gandía: Pathfinder". Ponce.inter.edu. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Writers from Puerto Rico.|
- Acosta-Belén, Edna. "Puerto Rican Literature in the United States," in Redefining American Literary History, Ed. A. LaVonne Brown Ruoff and Jerry W. Ward, MLA, 1990.
- Aldama, Frederick. Routledge Concise History of Latino/a Literature, featuring Puerto Rican authors Miguel Algarín, Giannina Braschi, Pedro Pietri, Miguel Piñero, Esmeralda Santiago, Piri Thomas, et al., Routledge, 2013.
- Bibliografía de escritores puertorriqueños de la Generación Ochenta (Generation of the 80's).
- Cancel, Mario R. Literatura y narrativa puertorriqueña: la escritura entre siglos. San Juan: Pasadizo, 2007.
- Callahan, Laura. Spanish/English Codeswitching in a Written Corpus. John Benjamins Publishing, 2004.
- Castillo, Debra. Redreaming America: Toward a Bilingual American Culture. On Ana Lydia Vega and Giannina Braschi. SUNY Series in Latin American and Iberian Thought and Culture, 2005.
- López Baralt, Mercedes. Literatura Puertorriqueña del Siglo XX: Antología. San Juan: EDUPR, 2004.
- Martínez Márquez, Alberto, and Mario Cancel. El límite volcado. Antología de la Generación de Poetas de los Ochenta. San Juan: Isla Negra, 2000.
- Milligan, Bryce, Floricanto Sí!: A Collection of Latina Poetry. Penguin, 1998.
- Moreira, Rubén Alejandro. Antología de la poesía puertorriqueña. Vol. I Romanticismo; Vol.II Modernismo y Postmodernismo; Vol. III Contemporánea; Vol. IV Contemporánea. San Juan: Tríptico, 1992-1993.
- Ortega, Julio. Antología de la poesía latinoamericana del siglo XXI: el turno y la transición. México: Editorial Siglo XXI, 1997.
- Torres, Lourdes. "In the Contact Zone: Code-Switching Strategies by Latino/a Writers", JUSTOR, 2007.
- Stanchich, Maritza. "Insular Interventions: Diasporic Puerto Rican Literature Bilanguaging toward a Greater Puerto Rico." Ph.D. diss, University of California, Santa Cruz, 2003.
- Torres-Padilla, José L. and Carmen Haydée Rivera. Writing Off the Hyphen: New Critical Perspectives on the Literature of the Puerto Rican Diaspora. University of Washington Press, 2008.
- Williams, Raymond L. The Columbia Guide to the Latin American Novel Since 1945. Featuring Puerto Rican novelists Giannina Braschi, Edgardo Rodríguez Juliá, Luis Rafael Sanchez, and Esmeralda Santiago. New york: Columbia University Press, 2007.
- Zimmerman, Marc. U.S. Latino Literature: An Essay and Annotated Bibliography. MARCH/Abrazo, 1992.