Mansa district, India
Mansa district falls under the Indian state of Punjab. The headquarters is Mansa city. Mansa district was formed on 13 April 1992 from the erst while district of Bathinda. The district has three tehsils, Budhlada, Mansa and five development blocks, Bhikhi, Budhlada, Mansa, Jhunir and Sardulgarh with three sub-tehsils.
|• Total||2,174 km2 (839 sq mi)|
|• Density||350/km2 (900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-PB|
|Sex ratio||1000/880 ♂/♀|
The district is roughly triangular in shape, and is bounded on the northwest by Bathinda district, on the northeast by Sangrur district, and on the south by Haryana state. It is situated on the Bathinda-Jind-Delhi railway and the Barnala-Sardulgarh-Sirsa road. The district is divided into three tehsils, Budhlada, Mansa, and Sardulgarh. The Ghaggar River flows through the Sardulgarh tehsil in the southwestern corner of the district.
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Mansa District was formerly a part of Phulkia Sikh Dynasty (1722–1948) then part of Kaithal Sikh Kingdom (1762–1857). The present district was formed on 13 April 1982 from the erstwhile Bathinda district. The town is said to have been founded by Bhai Gurdas who hailed from Dhingar, Mansa district. He is said to have been married at this place among the Dhaliwal Jat Sikh. Once he came to his in-laws to take his wife along with him but they refused to send her. At this, Bhai Gurdas sat in meditation before the house of his in-laws. After some time, the parents of the girl agreed to send their daughter with Bhai Gurdas. But he refused to take her along with him, stating that he had now renounced the worldly way of life. In his memory, his Smadh was constructed where a fair is held every year in March–April. People in large numbers attend the fair and offer Laddus and Gur (jaggery) at Smadh. Class ‘A’ municipality has been functioning in the town since 1952. The town has two Colleges, viz. Govt. Nehru Memorial Post Graduate College and S.D. Kanya Mahavidyala College, 3 Senior Secondary School, 90 High Schools, 1 Middle School, 1 Primary School and one District Library and has one civil hospital, 3 dispensaries, 1 Ayurvedic and 4 Homeopathic dispensary. There are two police stations i.e. PS City and PS Sadar and also a railway station.
The ancient history of the Mansa district has been traced to the Indus Valley civilization. The archaeological finds at different villages of Mansa district are almost similar to those of Harappa and Mohanjodaro. It is divided into three parts Pre-Harappa, Harappa and Late Harappa.
According to the 2011 census Mansa district has a population of 7,68,808, roughly equal to the US state of Alaska. This gives it a ranking of 489th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 350 inhabitants per square kilometre (910/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.62%. Mansa has a sex ratio of 880 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 62.8%.
Agriculture and industryEdit
Mansa is situated in the cotton belt of Punjab and therefore popularly called the "Area of white gold". Indeed, agriculture forms the backbone of the district economy.
Mansa is home to the largest Thermal Power Plant of Punjab.The Thermal Power Plant has a capacity to produce 1980MW of electricity
Major cities and townsEdit
Budhlada was named after the two brothers, Budha and Ladha, who were khatri by caste. It is also situated on Bathinda-Delhi railway line. It was the largest market of Eastern Punjab and a very big recruitment centre for military personnel.
- Sawarn Singh - an Indian Olympic rower
- Gavie Chahal -Bollywood/Punjabi movie actor, hails from Village Sher Khan Wala
- Kulwinder Billa -Punjabi Record Artist, hails from the Village Dhaipi of the district
- Ajmer Singh Aulakh - Sahitya Academy Winner for Best Drama Director, hails from village Kishagarh Farwaahi
- Sidhu Moose Wala popular Punjabi singer from Moosa village
- Harmanjeet Writer of Ranitatt from Khiala village in Mansa. Yuva Sahitya Academy award winner for Ranitatt
- "About | Mansa". www.mansa.nic.in. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- "Gurpreet gets Mansa seat". News in English. Ludhiana. The Tribune. 10 January 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- Lal, B.B; Gupta, S.P. (1984) [1981-82]. Frontier of Indus Valley Civilization. Delhi.
- "Ancient history of Mansa district". B.B. Lal and S.P. Gupta. www.punjabrevenue.nic.in. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in.
- "Mansa District Population Census 2011-2019, Punjab literacy sex ratio and density". www.census2011.co.in.
- "District Census 2011". www.census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011.