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Madrid (Spanish pronunciation: [maˈðɾið]) is a town and municipality in the Western Savanna Province, part of the department of Cundinamarca, Colombia. The city is located at 21 kilometres (13 mi) from the capital Bogotá. The city's main and biggest industry is the growing of flowers, especially roses which are mostly exported to the United States and Japan. Madrid borders Bojacá, El Rosal, Facatativá, Funza, Mosquera, Sibaté, Soacha, Subachoque, Tabio and Tenjo.[1]

Madrid
Municipality and town
Church of Madrid
Church of Madrid
Flag of Madrid
Flag
Location of the municipality and town of Madrid in the Cundinamarca Department of Colombia
Location of the municipality and town of Madrid in the Cundinamarca Department of Colombia
Madrid is located in Colombia
Madrid
Madrid
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 4°44′04″N 74°16′06″W / 4.73444°N 74.26833°W / 4.73444; -74.26833
Country  Colombia
Department Cundinamarca
Province Western Savanna Province
Founded 7 June 1559
Founded by Pedro Fernández Madrid
Government
 • Mayor Orlando Alberto Cardona Rojas
(2016-2019)
Area
 • Municipality and town 120.5 km2 (46.5 sq mi)
 • Urban 7.5 km2 (2.9 sq mi)
Elevation 2,554 m (8,379 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Municipality and town 77,627
 • Density 640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Urban 67,527
Demonym(s) Madrileño
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +1
Website Official website

Contents

EtymologyEdit

Madrid is named after its founder; Pedro Fernández Madrid.

HistoryEdit

The area of Madrid was inhabited early in the history of inhabitation of the Bogotá savanna, evidenced by archaeological findings at Lake Herrera. The Muisca inhabited the area before the Spanish conquest and had rich agricultural lands established in the region.

Modern Madrid was founded on June 7, 1559.[1]

Madrid is well known because it harbors the Academy of Subofficers (non-commissioned officers) of the Colombian Air Force. The main highway to Medellín (also known as "variante") bisects the city and leads to the northern part of Colombia from Bogotá.[1] . In 2017 the town was featured in an episode of Madrid de sol a sol, a show from Spanish public channel Telemadrid exploring locations named "Madrid".[2]

EconomyEdit

Madrid has some other industries as manufacturing, retail stores and food processing.Some new business developments such as the Celta trade park are undergoing constructions. Such places are intended to be used as a reception point to the arrival of imported goods that will be later allowed to enter Bogota. Nearby towns such as Funza and Mosquera are related to this particular project.[1]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d (in Spanish) Official website Madrid
  2. ^ [telemadrid.es/programas/madrid-de-sol-sol/madrid-de-sol-sol-madrid-cundinamarca-colombia "Madrid de Sol a Sol: Madrid, Cundinamarca, Colombia"] Check |url= value (help). Telemadrid. Retrieved 16 August 2017. 

Coordinates: 4°44′04″N 74°16′06″W / 4.73444°N 74.26833°W / 4.73444; -74.26833