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Banana passionfruit (Passiflora supersect. Tacsonia) also known as Curuba is a group of around 64 Passiflora species found in South America.[1][2] Most species in this section are found in high elevation cloud forest habitats. Flowers have a cylindrical hypanthium.

Banana passionfruit
Passiflora mixta flower.jpg
Passiflora mixta
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Passifloraceae
Genus: Passiflora
Supersection: Passiflora supersect. Tacsonia
(Juss.) Feuillet & J.M.MacDougal (2003)
Type species
Passiflora mixta
Lam.
Species

See text

Synonyms

SpeciesEdit

 
Whole and longitudinally-cut banana passionfruits.
 
Banana Passionfruit Ceramic. Moche Culture. Larco Museum Collection.
Section Series Image Scientific name Distribution
Bolivianae Passiflora gracilens Bolivia( Cochabamba and La Paz), Peru (Apurimac, Cajamarca, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huánuco, Junín, and La Libertad)
Rathea Passiflora andina
Passiflora colombiana
Passiflora harlingii
Passiflora unipetala
Insignes Passiflora carrascoensis
Passiflora insignis
Passiflora lanceolata
Passiflora mandonii
Passiflora pilosicorona
Passiflora pinnatistipula
Tasconiopsis Passiflora bracteosa
Passiflora purdiei
Trifoliata   Passiflora trifoliata
Passiflora huamachucoensis
Fimbriatistipula Passiflora fimbriatistipula Colombia (Huila and Cauca)
Passiflora uribei Colombia (Putumayo)
Manicata Passiflora manicata
Passiflora macropoda
Passiflora trisecta
Passiflora peduncularis
Passiflora weberbaueri
Parritana Passiflora parritae Colombia (Caldas, Tolima, and Risaralda)
Passiflora jardinensis Colombia (Jardín in Antioquia)
Tacsonia Passiflora amazonica
Passiflora mixta
Passiflora matthewsii
Passiflora schlimiana
Passiflora salpoense
Colombiana Quindiensae Passiflora linearistipula
Passiflora quindiensis
Leptomischae Passiflora ampullacea
Passiflora antioquiensis
Passiflora coactilis
Passiflora cremastantha
Passiflora flexipes
Passiflora leptomischa
Passiflora tenerifensis
Colombianae Passiflora adulterina
Passiflora crispolanata
Passiflora cuatrecasasii
Passiflora formosa
Passiflora lanata
Passiflora pamplonensis
Passiflora rugosa
Passiflora trianae
Passiflora truxillensis
Elkhea Passiflora anastomosans
Passiflora brachyantha
Passiflora cumbalensis
Passiflora linearistipula
Passiflora jamesonii
Passiflora linda
Passiflora loxensis
Passiflora luzmarina
Passiflora roseorum
Passiflora sanctae-barbarae
  Passiflora tarminiana
  Passiflora tripartita
Passiflora zamorana Ecuador (Zamora-Chinchipe)

Invasive speciesEdit

P. tarminiana and P. tripartita thrive in the climate of New Zealand. They are invasive species since they can smother forest margins and forest regrowth. It is illegal to sell, cultivate and distribute the plants.[3]

Banana passionfruit vines are now smothering more than 200 square miles (520 km2) of native forest on the islands of Hawaii and Kauai. Seeds are spread by feral pigs, birds and humans.[4][5] The vine can also be found all across the highlands of New Guinea.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ulmer, Torsten (2004). Passiflora : Passionflowers of the world. Portland: Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-648-5. OCLC 53356535.
  2. ^ Schoeniger, Gudrun (1986). La curuba : técnicas para el mejoramiento de su cultivo (in Spanish). Bogotá, Colombia: COLCIENCIAS Editora Guadalupe. ISBN 958-608-036-6. OCLC 17106360.
  3. ^ http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/pests/banana-passionfruit
  4. ^ Smith, Clifford W. "Impact of Alien Plants on Hawai'i's Native Biota". University of Hawaii. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  5. ^ The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health and the National Park Service (17 February 2011). "Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States". Retrieved 8 March 2011.

External linksEdit