Mašťov

Mašťov (German: Maschau) is a small town in the Ústí nad Labem of the Czech Republic. It has about 600 inhabitants.

Mašťov
Town
Church of Saint Barbara
Church of Saint Barbara
Coat of arms of Mašťov
Coat of arms
Mašťov is located in Czech Republic
Mašťov
Mašťov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°15′42″N 13°16′50″E / 50.26167°N 13.28056°E / 50.26167; 13.28056Coordinates: 50°15′42″N 13°16′50″E / 50.26167°N 13.28056°E / 50.26167; 13.28056
Country Czech Republic
RegionÚstí nad Labem
DistrictChomutov
First mentioned1196
Government
 • MayorZdeněk Laštovka
Area
 • Total23.05 km2 (8.90 sq mi)
Elevation
375 m (1,230 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total576
 • Density25/km2 (65/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
431 55, 431 56
Websitewww.mastov.cz

HistoryEdit

The town of Mašťov was founded at the beginning of the 12th century, when it was awarded to the local aristocrat Milhost by Soběslav I. Throughout seven centuries the town changed hands multiple times due to political instability, economic hardship, and several wars that also subjected the town to plunder, disease, fire, and famine. In 1918, when the independent country of Czechoslovakia was formed with Mašťov located in the northwestern part of the country, the town was still dealing with the after effects of the World War I, such as homelessness and unemployment. Gradually the town recovered, but the booming economy was affected by the worldwide depression of the 1930s.

During World War II Mašťov was a part of the Sudetenland, awarded to Germany through the Munich Agreement, with all Czech residents forced to leave their homes and move to the central part of Bohemia. After the war the town slowly recovered but never fully developed into the business and industrial town it had been before. A local historian named Vladimír Valeš wrote a book on the history of the town, 800 let Mašťova ("800 Years of Mašťov").

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.

External linksEdit