Hungarian Justice and Life Party

  (Redirected from MIÉP)

The Hungarian Justice and Life Party (Hungarian: Magyar Igazság és Élet Pártja, MIÉP) is a nationalist[2] political party in Hungary that was founded by István Csurka in 1993.

Hungarian Justice and Life Party

Magyar Igazság és Élet Pártja
LeaderTibor Nagy
Founded15 July 1993
Split fromHungarian Democratic Forum[1]
HeadquartersHercegprímás utca 4, 1051 Budapest
IdeologyHungarian nationalism[2]
National conservatism[3]
Social conservatism
Hard Euroscepticism
Hungarian irredentism[4]
Political positionRight-wing to far-right[4][5]
European affiliationEuronat (formerly)
ColoursGreen, gold
Party flag
Flag of the Hungarian Justice and Life Party.svg
Website
www.miep.hu

In the 1998 legislative elections, the party won 5.5% of the votes and gained parliamentary representation, with 14 seats.

In the 2002 elections, the party won 4.4% of the popular vote and no seats.

In 2005, MIÉP joined forces with a newer, radical Hungarian nationalist political party, Jobbik. The new political formation was registered under the name the MIÉP–Jobbik Third Way Alliance of Parties. It purported to speak for Christians whilst standing up for the rights of Hungarian minorities in the neighbouring countries. The programme was based on a "law and order" agenda, in order to crack down on crime. Following an acrimonious failure in the 2006 elections the alliance broke up. In the aftermath, MIÉP lost its leadership of the far-right forces in Hungary, with Jobbik going on to achieve success in the 2010 elections.

Csurka died on 4 February 2012, aged 77, after a long illness.[6] He was replaced by former MP Zoltán Fenyvessy. In 2017, Zoltán Fenyvessy was replaced by Tibor Nagy.[7]

In early 2019, Our Homeland Movement (Mi Hazánk Mozgalom) made an alliance with MIÉP and the agrarian Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party.[8]

Party leadersEdit

Parliamentary representationEdit

Hungarian ParliamentEdit

Election year National Assembly Government
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
1994
85,431
1.58% (#10)
0 / 386
  12 extra-parliamentary
1998
248,901
5.47% (#5)
14 / 386
  14 gov′t support
2002
245,326
4.37% (#4)
0 / 386
  14 extra-parliamentary
20061
119,007
2.2% (#5)
0 / 386
  0 extra-parliamentary
2010
1,286
0.03%
0 / 386
  0 extra-parliamentary
20142
2,054
0.04%
0 / 199
  0 extra-parliamentary
2018
8,713
0.15% (#10)
0 / 199
  0 extra-parliamentary

1In an electoral alliance with Jobbik, under the name of the "MIÉP–Jobbik Third Way Alliance of Parties", joined by Independent Smallholders’ Party (FKgP) organisations from 15 counties.

2In an electoral alliance with Smallholders' Party.

European ParliamentEdit

Election year # of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall seats won +/- Notes
2004
72,203
2.35% (#5)
0 / 24

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ulrich Widmaier, Andrea Gawrich, Ute Becker (2013). Regierungssysteme Zentral- und Osteuropas: Ein einführendes Lehrbuch. Springer-Verlag. p. 102.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2002). "Hungary". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 7 February 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  3. ^ Karin Priester (2012). Rechter und linker Populismus: Annäherung an ein Chamäleon. Campus-Verlag. p. 231.
  4. ^ a b "Aufbau eines neuen Mitteleuropas". Budapester Zeitung. 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  5. ^ "Aufbau eines neuen Mitteleuropas". Budapester Zeitung. 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  6. ^ "Meghalt Csurka István" (in Hungarian). Index.hu. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  7. ^ "Magyar Igazság és Élet Pártja MIÉP". hu-hu.facebook.com (in Hungarian). Retrieved 2017-03-10.
  8. ^ https://magyarnarancs.hu/belpol/a-fuggetlen-kisgazdapart-is-csatlakozna-a-miep-es-a-mi-hazank-mozgalom-egyuttmukodesehez-117506

External linksEdit