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Mülheim

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Mülheim an der Ruhr (German pronunciation: [ˈmyːlhaɪm ʔan deːɐ̯ ˈʁuːɐ̯] (About this soundlisten)), also described as "City on the River", is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. It is located in the Ruhr Area between Duisburg, Essen, Oberhausen and Ratingen. It is home to many companies, especially in the food industry, such as the Aldi Süd Company, the Harke Group and the Tengelmann Group.

Mülheim an der Ruhr
View of Mülheim's centre
View of Mülheim's centre
Flag of Mülheim an der Ruhr
Flag
Coat of arms of Mülheim an der Ruhr
Coat of arms
Mülheim an der Ruhr is located in Germany
Mülheim an der Ruhr
Mülheim an der Ruhr
Location of Mülheim an der Ruhr within Urban districts of Germany district
North rhine w MH.svg
Coordinates: 51°26′N 06°53′E / 51.433°N 6.883°E / 51.433; 6.883Coordinates: 51°26′N 06°53′E / 51.433°N 6.883°E / 51.433; 6.883
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionDüsseldorf
DistrictUrban districts of Germany
Government
 • Lord MayorUlrich Scholten (SPD)
Area
 • Total91.26 km2 (35.24 sq mi)
Elevation26-153 m (−476 ft)
Population (2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total170,936
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes45468–45481
Dialling codes0208
Vehicle registrationMH
Websitewww.muelheim-ruhr.de

Mülheim received its town charter in 1808, and 100 years later the population exceeded 100,000, making Mülheim officially a city. At the time of the city's 200th anniversary with approximately 170,000 residents, it was counted among the smaller cities of Germany.

In 1966 Mülheim was the first city in the Ruhr Area to become completely free of coal mines, when its last coal mine "Rosenblumendelle" was closed. The former leather and coal city had successfully made a complete transformation to a diversified economic centre. With more than 50% covered by greenery and forest, the city is regarded as an attractive place to live between Düsseldorf and the rest of the Ruhr. It is the home of two Max Planck Institutes and, since 2009, the technical college Ruhr West. It has a station on the important railway between Dortmund and Duisburg and is served by Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn lines S1 and S3.[citation needed]

Contents

GeographyEdit

Geographical locationEdit

Mülheim an der Ruhr lies at the junction of the hill country of the Lower Bergisches Land, the western Hellweg and the plane of the middle Lower Rhine region.

 
The bridge Mintarder Ruhrtalbrücke in Mülheim, crosses the Ruhr connecting Düsseldorf and Essen

The Ruhr leaves the foothills of the Rhenish Massif and enters the Lower Rhine Plain at Mülheim. The Ruhr flows through the city from south-east to north-west for a distance of 14 km (9 miles) dividing it into two districts: Broich on its left (western) bank and Kirchenhügel (Church Hill) on its right (east) bank. The central city lies on both banks of the river, about 12 kilometres (7 miles) east of where the Ruhr discharges into the Rhine. Life in Mülheim is intermediate between the more urban, downstream, Düsseldorf and the more rural life of the upstream Ruhr.[2]

Largest groups of foreign residents by 31.12.2017:

  Turkey 4,885
  Syria 2,450
  Poland 1,665
  Serbia 1,635
  Iraq 1,285

GeologyEdit

The northern foothills of the Rhenish Massif are characterised by the distinctive rock formation of the bare mountain slopes through which run coal-bearing layers which formed during the carboniferous period. Here the Ruhr cuts more than 50 meters deep into this Mittelgebirge. This natural erosion partly uncovered these mineable black coal deposits, which enabled their exploration and extraction using adits. However, the coal-rich layers became ever deeper as one progressed northward, which required setting up mines to extract the black coal. In contrast, the broad bayou (dead arm of a river) of Styrum borough is characteristic of the features of the Lower Rhine Plain.[3]

TransportEdit

The U18 metro line connects the city with Essen.[4]

International relationsEdit

Mülheim is twinned with:[citation needed]

Notable bandsEdit

Notable clubsEdit

Notable companiesEdit

Notable peopleEdit

 
Fritz Thyssen in 1928
 
Hugo Stinnes

GalleryEdit

Panorama of Mülheim in 2014

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 2018-02-24.
  2. ^ "Mülheim an der Ruhr official website – The new Mülheim".       (in English, German and French) © 1998–2010 MST Mülheimer Stadtmarketing und Tourismus GmbH. Retrieved 2010-02-12.
  3. ^ "Mülheim an der Ruhr official website – Eine kurze Geschichte zur Geologie und zur Geographie des Stadtgebietes".   (in only German) © 1998–2010 MST Mülheimer Stadtmarketing und Tourismus GmbH. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  4. ^ "Mülheim an der Ruhr". Urban Rail. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Miasta Partnerskie Opola" (in Polish). Urzad Miasta Opola. Archived from the original on August 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-01.

External linksEdit