Luther Johnson Strange III (born March 1, 1953) is an American lawyer and politician who served as a United States Senator from Alabama from 2017 to 2018. He was appointed to fill that position after it was vacated by now-U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions upon Sessions's confirmation.
|United States Senator
February 9, 2017 – January 3, 2018
|Appointed by||Robert Bentley|
|Preceded by||Jeff Sessions|
|Succeeded by||Doug Jones|
|47th Attorney General of Alabama|
January 17, 2011 – February 9, 2017
|Preceded by||Troy King|
|Succeeded by||Steve Marshall|
|Born||Luther Johnson Strange III
March 1, 1953
Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.
|Education||Tulane University (BA, JD)|
He previously served as the 47th Attorney General of the U.S. state of Alabama from 2011 until 2017. Strange was a candidate for public office in 2006, 2010 and 2014. In 2006, Strange ran for Lieutenant Governor of Alabama and defeated George Wallace Jr. in the Republican primary. Strange then lost the general election to Democrat Jim Folsom Jr. In 2010, Strange defeated incumbent Attorney General Troy King in the Republican primary, before going on to win the general election against Democrat James Anderson.
After President Donald Trump appointed U.S. Senator Jeff Sessions from Alabama to the office of United States Attorney General, Governor Robert J. Bentley appointed Strange to fill the vacancy. He ran to finish the term in the subsequent special election and advanced to the Republican primary runoff, in which he lost to former state judge Roy Moore. On December 12, Democratic nominee and former U.S. attorney Doug Jones was elected as his successor, defeating Moore in the special election.
Early life and educationEdit
Luther Strange was born in Birmingham, Alabama, and lived in Sylacauga until the age of six, when his family moved to Homewood. Strange graduated from Shades Valley High School in 1971. He received his undergraduate degree from Tulane University. He then graduated from Tulane University Law School. Strange was admitted to the Alabama State Bar in 1981.
Strange's first job after graduating law school was at Sonat Offshore, a subsidiary of Sonat Inc., a natural gas utility based in Birmingham, Alabama; he joined the company in 1980 as a lawyer. In 1985, Strange became head of Sonat's Washington, D.C. office. He left the company in 1994. In the 1980s and 1990s, Strange was a registered lobbyist in Washington for Sonat and Transocean Offshore Drilling Co.
Prior to being elected Attorney General, Strange was the founder of the law firm Strange LLC, a Birmingham, Alabama-based law firm. Before establishing his own law firm, Strange was a partner with Bradley Arant Boult Cummings LLP.
Attorney General of AlabamaEdit
As Alabama Attorney General, Strange sued the federal government several times, over such issues as a United States Department of Justice and United States Department of Education directive on the treatment of transgender students and changes in the U.S. Department of the Interior's calculation of Gulf of Mexico offshore drilling royalties. Strange also joined a suit brought by some states against the federal government that challenged the Obama administration's Clean Power Plan. Along with other Republican state attorneys general, Strange "came to the defense of ExxonMobil when it fell under investigation by attorneys general from states seeking information about whether the oil giant failed to disclose material information about climate change" (see ExxonMobil climate change controversy).
His tenure in office included the conviction and removal from office of the Alabama House Speaker Mike Hubbard in June 2016. However, Strange recused himself from that case, appointing Van Davis as Acting Attorney General to oversee it.
In April 2014, Strange argued before the U.S. Supreme Court in Lane v. Franks. The case involved a whistleblower who reported corruption within the Alabama community college system. This was Strange's first argument before the Court.
In March 2014, Strange brought Alabama into a lawsuit filed by Missouri Attorney General Chris Koster against California's egg production standards as embodied in its Proposition 2 in 2008. In October 2014, a federal judge dismissed the lawsuit, rejecting the states' challenge to Proposition 2, California's prohibition on the sale of eggs laid by caged hens kept in conditions more restrictive than those approved by California voters in a 2008 ballot initiative. Judge Kimberly Mueller ruled that Alabama and the other states lacked legal standing to sue on behalf of their residents and that the plaintiffs were representing solely the interests of egg farmers, not "a substantial statement of their populations."
Strange served as chairman of the Republican Attorneys General Association in 2016 and 2017.
The appointment of Senator Jeff Sessions as United States Attorney General in November 2016 created an opening for a U.S. Senate seat that Governor Bentley would fill by appointment upon Sessions’ confirmation. Many aspirants publicly declared their interest in the appointive Senate seat, and in running for it even if not selected by Bentley.
Strange revealed his intention to seek the Senate seat to Fred Barnes of the Weekly Standard on November 22, 2016, regardless of whether he was appointed by Bentley, calling a run "the right thing for me to do." Strange filed paperwork for the potential special election one week later and made a public announcement of his candidacy on December 6. "The voters will make the ultimate decision about who will represent them, and I look forward to making my case to the people of Alabama in the months to come as to why they can trust me to keep protecting and fighting for our conservative values." In January, the new Strange for Senate federal campaign committee reported raising more than $309,000 in the few weeks leading to the December 31 filing deadline.
Bentley began interviewing candidates for the Senate appointment in mid-December. On December 22, the Montgomery Advertiser reported a complete list of Alabamians who had been interviewed over a two-week period for the Senate seat (based on information released by the Governor’s office). They included: Chief Justice Roy Moore, Representative Mo Brooks (R-Huntsville), and the following state legislators and justices: Senate President Pro Tempore Del Marsh (R-Anniston), Senator Arthur Orr (R-Decatur), Senator Cam Ward (R-Alabaster), Senator Bill Hightower (R-Mobile), Senator Trip Pittman (R-Montrose), Alabama House Ways and Means Education Chairman and Representative Bill Poole (R-Tuscaloosa), Associate Justice Glenn Murdock, Representative Connie Rowe (R-Jasper), former Representative Perry Hooper of Montgomery (also Trump 2016 Chair in Alabama).
Strange was not interviewed until the following week, along with U.S. Representative Martha Roby, Representative Gary Palmer, Tim James (son of former Governor Fob James), state Senator Greg Reed (R-Jasper), and state Senator Phil Williams (R-Rainbow City). Three additional persons interviewed before January 6 were Representative Robert Aderholt, Revenue Commissioner Julie P. Magee, and Department of Economic and Community Affairs Director Jim Byard. The total number of interviews was 20 (which represented the limit the Governor would go).
In January 2017, Governor Bentley announced the special election for the remainder of Sessions' term would not take place until 2018, giving the prospective new appointee a year of incumbency; the election was ultimately held in December 2017. On February 2, Governor Bentley named six finalists for the appointment. The list included U.S. Representative Robert Aderholt, Senate President pro tempore Del Marsh, Attorney General Strange; Bentley ACEA appointee Jim Byard, state Representative Connie Rowe, and former state Representative Perry Hooper Jr.
Following the Sessions confirmation on February 8, 2017, Bentley announced Strange's appointment on February 9. "Let me tell you why I chose Luther Strange," Bentley said. "I truly believe Luther has the qualifications and has the qualities that will serve our people well and serve this state well." Speaking with his wife Melissa by his side, Strange called the appointment "the honor of my life," while citing his efforts with other Republican attorneys general to stop environmental, educational and labor regulations put forward by former President Barack Obama's administration. "Now we have the chance to go on the offense," he said. "Jeff Sessions as attorney general is the first step in that process."
Strange's appointment was welcomed by fellow Republicans, such as Arkansas Attorney General Leslie Rutledge, and Karl Rove. Conservative activists, such as Chris W. Cox of the NRA, also hailed the appointment. NPR Southern political analyst Debbie Elliott said that Strange's conservative politics are "very much in the mold of Jeff Sessions." She noted that as state attorney general: "He's been very active in state-led fights against federal environmental regulations, against Obamacare, against transgender bathroom directives. He's fought for Alabama's strict abortion laws. He defended the state's controversial immigration law. A good bit of it was struck down by federal courts."
There was negative reaction from other Republicans who expressed concern about Strange's appointment. In early November 2016, prior to Election Day, he had requested that impeachment proceedings against Bentley be delayed. Some saw a link between this and Strange's appointment. "There's going to be such an air of conspiracy hanging over our state and our new senator," said state representative Ed Henry. "It's just one of those things where it appears there could have been collusion," said state representative Allen Farley. "The whole thing stinks," said State Auditor Jim Zeigler. "It is outrageous. We have the potential for Gov. Blagojevich situation."
This interpretation was disputed by Mike Jones Jr., House Judiciary Committee Chairman, who said he believes the appointment was done in good faith. Jones noted that the hearings were stopped before the election and before the senate seat was available. "I made it clear in November when we were asked to pause that did not mean this would not finish, that there would come a time when we would conclude this investigation and we would have a hearing. I still say that." Jones and House Speaker Mac McCutcheon said February 9 they would wait for word from the attorney general's office before resuming the committee's work. McCutcheon said he wanted the process to play out.
Strange was quoted on February 9, 2017 as saying, "We have never said and I want to make this clear. We have never said in our office that we are investigating the governor. I think it's unfair to him and unfair to the process that it's been reported out there. We have six years of a record of the highest caliber of conduct of people in our Attorney General's office. That's why we don't comment on these things and why I don't plan to comment on that anymore." Governor Bentley later resigned after being indicted on criminal charges.
- United States Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry
- United States Senate Committee on Armed Services
- United States Senate Committee on the Budget
- United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
Strange finished second to former Alabama Supreme Court judge Roy Moore, 38.87% to 32.83%, in the Republican primary on August 15, 2017. In the run-off on September 26, 2017, Moore again defeated Strange, 54.89% to 45.11%. Moore went on to lose the December 12 general election to Democratic nominee Doug Jones.
|Republican||George Wallace Jr.||144,619||33.37|
|Republican||Hilbun "HA" Adams||12,413||2.86|
|Republican||George Wallace Jr.||89,788||45.19|
|Democratic||Jim Folsom Jr.||629,268||50.61|
|Republican||Troy King (incumbent)||188,874||39.87|
|Republican||Luther Strange (incumbent)||681,973||58.39|
|Republican||Luther Strange (incumbent)||188,971||32.83%|
|Republican||Luther Strange (incumbent)||218,066||45.4%|
Strange has associated himself with Donald Trump, saying that he wants "his agenda passed" and that "couldn’t be more honored" to be given Trump's endorsement. As of December 2017, Strange voted in line with Trump's position 90.5% of the time.
Strange has an A+ rating by the National Rifle Association Political Victory Fund for his opposition towards banning firearms and magazines and his consistent rejection of gun control efforts by the Democratic Party. Chris W. Cox describes Strange as being a "champion for gun owners in Alabama and across the country."
At 6 feet 9 inches (2.06 m) tall, Strange is the tallest U.S. Senator in history and was the tallest member of Congress.
Strange is a member of the Episcopal Church.
Strange holds a 16% share of Sunbelt EB-5 Regional Center, LLC, which helps broker deals between investors and U.S. projects that need capital. The company uses the EB-5 visa program which allows foreigners to earn permanent residency for themselves and their children, if they invest $500,000 or $1 million in an American business venture that creates at least 10 jobs. Strange earned over $150,000 for his role in helping a Birmingham Baptist hospital expansion.
Awards and honorsEdit
- "About Alabama Attorney General Luther Strange". Office of the Attorney General. Retrieved October 13, 2011.
- Dana Beyerle (May 12, 2009). "Bentley, Strange to announce their office plans". Gadsden Times. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
- "Strange leads fundraising efforts in Lt. Gov's race". Legacy.decaturdaily.com. April 26, 2006. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
- Washington, Dennis. "Luther Strange declared winner for Attorney General". myfoxal.com. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
- Vogel, Kenneth P.; Bresnahan, John; Caputo, Marc (February 8, 2017). "Governor expected to pick 'Big Luther' Strange to replace Sessions". Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- Burns, Alexander; Bloch, Matthew; Lee, Jasmine; Martin, Jonathan (2017-09-26). "Live Election Results: U.S. Senate Primary Runoff in Alabama". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-09-26.
- "Strange, Luther". Congressional Biography. Retrieved September 23, 2017.
- George Talbot, Records show AG candidate Luther Strange once lobbied for Deepwater Horizon owner, AL.com (May 7, 2010).
- Alabama sues Obama administration over transgender school bathroom order, Associated Press (May 25, 2016).
- Mary Orndorff Troyan, Alabama, Louisiana sue the federal government over recalculated offshore drilling royalties, AL.com (September 6, 2012).
- Kim Chandler, Alabama Attorney General Luther Strange Named to Sessions’ Former Senate Seat, Associated Press (February 9, 2017).
- Chris Mooney, Brady Dennis & Steven Mufson, Trump names Scott Pruitt, Oklahoma attorney general suing EPA on climate change, to head the EPA, Washington Post (December 8, 2016).
- Casey Toner, Alabama Attorney General Luther Strange opposes new federal order in same-sex marriage case, AL.com (March 9, 2015).
- ALABAMA ATTORNEY GENERAL STRANGE’S STATEMENT IN RESPONSE TO U.S. SUPREME COURT DECISION ON SAME-SEX MARRIAGE (press release), Office of the Alabama Attorney General (June 26, 2015).
- Mike Cason, [Alabama House Speaker Mike Hubbard convicted on 12 counts], AL.com (June 10, 2016).
- Alex Pappas, Luther Strange makes first-ever Supreme Court appearance in Alabama whistleblower case, AL.com (April 28, 2014).
- Robert Barnes, Fired public employee tells court his Constitutional rights were violated, Washington Post (April 28, 2014).
- "Six States Challenge Constitutionality of California's 'Bad Egg Bill'". Protect The Harvest. March 5, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
Bob Egelko (October 2, 2014). "Judge tosses suit by 6 states over California law on eggs - SFGate". M.sfgate.com. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
Perry, Mark. "Lawsuit against California egg law dismissed - FDA report stokes debate over antibiotics - U.S. revokes special treatment for Canadian produce". Politico. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
Miller, Jim (October 2, 2014). "Judge tosses lawsuit challenging California egg laws". Sacramento Bee.
"AL Attorney General "Big Luther" Strange Loses Chicken Lawsuit Against California". Leftinalabama.com. May 10, 2016. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
- Birmingham News, 12/4/16; Birmingham News, 12/15/16
- Fred, Barnes (November 22, 2016). "Alabama AG Luther Strange to Run for Sessions Senate Seat". Weekly Standard.
- AP, 12/6/16
- Associated Press, January 11, 2017, "Strange raises $309,000 for potential Senate race"
- Birmingham Business Journal, 12/14/16
- Birmingham News, 12/16/16
- Montgomery Advertiser, 12/22/16
- AP, 12/29/16
- AP, 1/6/17
- AP, 2/2/17
- Lyman, Brian, Montgomery Advertiser, February 10, 2017, "Strange named to fill U.S. Senate seat; Governor's appointment follows Sessions' confirmation as AG"
- News release, States News Service, 2/9/17
- New York Times, 2/10/17
- "Alabama AG Luther Strange Named To Fill Sessions' Senate Vacancy". Retrieved February 11, 2017.
- "Alabama Attorney General Luther Strange Chosen To Replace Jeff Sessions". NPR. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
- Cason, Mike (November 3, 2016). "Bentley impeachment process on hold for investigation by AG Strange". The Birmingham News. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
- Nelson, Steven (February 9, 2017). "Luther Strange Senate Appointment Dismays Some Alabama Republicans". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
- Nelson, Steven (February 9, 2017). "Luther Strange Senate Appointment Dismays Some Alabama Republicans". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
- Andone, Dakin (February 9, 2017). "Sessions' Senate replacement raises eyebrows in Alabama". CNN.com. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
- Taylor Thompson. "Strange filling U.S. Senate seat opens up questions surrounding Bentley's impeachment hearings". WAAY-TV. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
- Montgomery Advertiser, February 10, 2017
- "Questions Surround Gov. Bentley's Senate Appointment". February 9, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
- Inhofe, James. "Senator". Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- "About Luther - Committee Assignments". U.S. Senate. Retrieved April 25, 2017.
- del Guidice, Judith (2017-08-15). "Alabama Special Election GOP Primary Goes to September Runoff". The Daily Signal. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
- "Republican Senate runoff results". AlabamaVotes.gov (Secretary of State's office). Retrieved 2017-09-26.
- "Strange plays up Trump support on day of Alabama GOP primary". POLITICO. Retrieved 2017-08-16.
- Bycoffe, Aaron (2017-01-30). "Tracking Luther Strange In The Age Of Trump". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2017-08-16.
- Pramuk, Jacob (2017-08-15). "Alabama election: Trump touts Luther Strange in special Senate primary". Retrieved 2017-08-16.
- "NRA Endorses Sen. Luther Strange in Alabama Special Election". NRA-ILA. National Rifle Association Political Victory Fund. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- Mike Cason, Alice Martin named acting AG; no word on Strange replacement, AL.com (February 9, 2017) (see photo caption).
- John Sharp, All eyes on 'Big' Luther Strange as Alabama looks to fill Jeff Sessions' Senate seat, AL.com (January 17, 2017).
- Avi Selk (September 23, 2017). "No, Mr. President, you did not invent the name 'Big Luther' Strange". Washington Post. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
- Lawson, Brian (20 September 2017). "Luther Strange benefits financially from company selling visa access to wealthy foreigners". WHNT-TV. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
- "Boy Scouts reception set to honor Luther Strange and new Eagle Scouts | Community Spirit | Greenville News". Greenville.wsfa.com. December 5, 2011. Archived from the original on December 20, 2013. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- "To Be Honored Tonight As Distinguished Eagle Scout". Luther Strange. December 8, 2011. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|Party political offices|
|Republican nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Alabama
|Republican nominee for Attorney General of Alabama
|Attorney General of Alabama
|U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Alabama
Served alongside: Richard Shelby