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Luke 19 is the nineteenth chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It records Jesus' arrival in Jericho and his meeting with Zacchaeus, a parable and his arrival in Jerusalem.[1] The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this Gospel as well as the Acts of the Apostles.[2]

Luke 19
Papyrus 4 (Luk 6.4-16).jpg
Luke 6:4-16 on Papyrus 4, written about AD 150-175.
BookGospel of Luke
Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Bible part3
CategoryGospel

Contents

TextEdit

StructureEdit

Old Testament cross referencesEdit

Jesus comes to Zacchaeus’ houseEdit

 
Zacchaeus by Niels Larsen Stevns. Jesus calls Zacchaeus down from his height in the tree.
 
Zacchaeus' sycamore fig in Jericho

Zacchaeus (Greek: Ζακχαῖος, Zakchaios; Hebrew: זכי‎, "pure", "innocent" [3]) of Jericho was wealthy, a chief tax-collector, mentioned only in the Gospel of Luke.[4] A descendent of Abraham, he was a poster child for Jesus' personal, earthly mission to bring salvation to the lost.[5] Tax collectors were despised as traitors (working for the Roman Empire, not for their Jewish community), and as being corrupt.

Jesus' entry to JerusalemEdit

As he drew near to the city, Jesus wept, anticipating the destruction of the Temple.[6]Lutheran biblical scholar Johann Bengel contrasts Jesus' reaction with the immediately preceding scene of rejoicing:

Behold before thee the compassionate King, amidst the very shouts of joy raised by His disciples!
Jesus weeps over Jerusalem, and yet compels no man by force.[7]

See also how Jesus wept at the death of his friend Lazarus (John 11:35).

Jesus cleanses the TempleEdit

[Jesus said] unto them, It is written, My house is the house of prayer: but ye have made it a den of thieves.[8]

Jesus' words draw from both Isaiah 56:7 (a house of prayer for all nations) and Jeremiah 7:11 (a den of thieves).
Cross reference: Matthew 21:13, Mark 11:17

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
  2. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  3. ^ Milligan, Jim. "Lexicon :: Strong's G2195 - Zakchaios". Blue Letter Bible. Sowing Circle.
  4. ^ Luke 19:1-10
  5. ^ Warfield, Benjamin Breckinridge. "Jesus' Mission, According to His Own Testimony". Monergism. CPR Foundation.
  6. ^ Luke 19:41-44
  7. ^ Bengel, J. A., Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament on Luke 19, accessed 11 July 2018
  8. ^ Luke 19:46

External linksEdit


Preceded by
Luke 18
Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of Luke
Succeeded by
Luke 20