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Louis Pouzin (born 1931 in Chantenay-Saint-Imbert, Nièvre, France) invented the datagram and designed an early packet communications network, CYCLADES.[1][2][3]

Louis Pouzin
M. Louis POUZIN 2013.jpg
Born 20 April 1931 Edit this on Wikidata (age 86)
Chantenay-Saint-Imbert Edit this on Wikidata
Alma mater École Polytechnique Edit this on Wikidata
Awards Knight of the Legion of Honour, Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering, IEEE Internet Award, Internet Hall of Fame, SIGCOMM Award Edit this on Wikidata

He studied at the École Polytechnique from 1950 to 1952.

His work influenced Robert Kahn, Vinton Cerf, and others in the development of TCP/IP protocols used by the Internet.[3]

Having participated in the design of the Compatible Time-Sharing System (CTSS), Pouzin wrote a program called RUNCOM around 1963–64. RUNCOM permitted the execution of contained commands within a folder and can be considered the ancestor of the command-line interface and shell scripts. Pouzin was, in fact, the one who coined the term shell for a command language in 1964 or 1965. Pouzin's concepts were later implemented in Multics by Glenda Schroeder at MIT.[4]

From 1967 to 1969 Pouzin developed one operating system for Météo-France, the French national meteorological service, using ControlData6400 as hardware. This system was created for weather forecast and statistics and was used for 15 years.[5]

In 2002 Pouzin, along with Jean-Louis Grangé, Jean-Pierre Henninot and Jean-François Morfin, participated in the creation of Eurolinc, which is a non-profit association that promotes multilingualism in domain names. In June 2003, Eurolinc was accredited by UNO to participate at the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS).[6]

In November 2011, he founded Savoir-Faire, an alternative root company, with Chantal Lebrument and Quentin Perrigueur.[7][8]

In 2012 he developed a service called Open-Root, which is dedicated to sell top-level domains (TLD) in all scripts outside of ICANN. This way people can develop second-level domains for free.[9]

AwardsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The internet’s fifth man". Economist. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2017. 
  2. ^ "Say Bonjour to the Internet’s Long-Lost French Uncle". Wired. 3 January 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c "Postel and Pouzin: 1997 SIGCOMM Award Winners", ACM SIGCOMM web site
  4. ^ "The Origin of the Shell", Multicians, accessed 31 March 2012.
  5. ^ Grangé, J. L. (2012). Oral history interview with Jean-Louis Grangé by Andrew L. Russell.
  6. ^ http://www.eurolinc.eu/
  7. ^ http://owni.fr/2012/01/13/les-nouvelles-root-de-l%E2%80%99internet/
  8. ^ Savoir-faire biographies - http://www.open-root.eu/decouvrir-open-root/biographies/
  9. ^ http://open-root.eu/
  10. ^ 2012 Inductees, Internet Hall of Fame website. Last accessed April 24, 2012.
  11. ^ "2013 Winners Announced" Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering.