Nièvre (IPA: [njɛvʁ] (listen)) is a department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, central France named after the River Nièvre.[2]

Nièvre
Prefecture building of the Nièvre department, in Nevers
Prefecture building of the Nièvre department, in Nevers
Flag of Nièvre
Coat of arms of Nièvre
Location of Nièvre in France
Location of Nièvre in France
Coordinates: 47°05′N 03°30′E / 47.083°N 3.500°E / 47.083; 3.500Coordinates: 47°05′N 03°30′E / 47.083°N 3.500°E / 47.083; 3.500
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
PrefectureNevers
SubprefecturesChâteau-Chinon
Clamecy
Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
Government
 • President of the General CouncilMarcel Charmant
Area
 • Total6,817 km2 (2,632 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
 • Total204,452
 • Rank87th
 • Density30/km2 (78/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number58
Arrondissements4
Cantons17
Communes309
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².

Covering an area 6,817 square kilometres (2,632 sq mi), Nièvre is landlocked between six other departments: Yonne to the north, Côte-d'Or to the east, Saône-et-Loire to the south-east, Allier to the south, Cher to the west, and Loiret to the north-east.

HistoryEdit

Nièvre is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from the former province of Nivernais.

GeographyEdit

Nièvre is part of the current region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté,[2] although historically it was not part of the province of Burgundy.

The department is crossed by the river Loire, the longest river in France. Industry developed around cast iron foundries using the ample supply of wood then available. Coal mining also developed during the Middle Ages around Decize and continued until the last mine closed in 1974. Forestry is now an important provider of employment. Tourists are attracted by the numerous historic sites. The Canal du Nivernais waterway is popular with houseboating enthusiasts.

DemographyEdit

Nièvre is a rural department with about 33 inhabitants per km².[3] The main cities are Nevers, Cosne-sur-Loire, Varennes-Vauzelles, Marzy, Decize, Imphy, Clamecy and La Charité.[3] Only two cities reach 10 000 inhabitants.[3] It indicates the characteristic of the department, which is predominantly rural. The department is slowly losing its population since the 1970s, at the rate of 5 000 to 7 000 people a year. Abandoned houses can be seen in villages and the price of peripheral real estate is one of the lowest in France.

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801232,590—    
1806241,739+0.77%
1821257,990+0.43%
1831282,521+0.91%
1841305,346+0.78%
1851327,161+0.69%
1861332,814+0.17%
1872339,917+0.19%
1881347,576+0.25%
1891343,576−0.12%
1901323,783−0.59%
1911299,312−0.78%
1921270,148−1.02%
1931255,195−0.57%
1936249,673−0.44%
1946248,559−0.04%
1954240,078−0.43%
1962245,921+0.30%
1968247,702+0.12%
1975245,212−0.14%
1982239,635−0.33%
1990233,278−0.34%
1999225,198−0.39%
2006222,218−0.19%
2011218,341−0.35%
2016209,161−0.86%
source:[4]

WinesEdit

Nièvre is also well known for its white wine, Pouilly Fumé.[5] The vineyards are scattered around villages including Pouilly-Sur-Loire, which lends its name to the appellation, Tracy sur Loire, Boisgibault, Saint Andelain. The word fumé is French for "smoky", and it is said the name comes from the smoky or flinty quality of these wines.[5] The only grape allowed in the Pouilly-Fumé AC is Sauvignon blanc, which produces wines that are generally crisp, tart, and somewhat grassy.

PoliticsEdit

In common with most French wine-producing departments, Nièvre is traditionally a left-wing department. The results of the second round of voting in presidential elections reflect this consistently:

Nièvre's best-known political representative was François Mitterrand who served as a senator and a deputy for the department, and as mayor of Château-Chinon for 22 years before his election to the presidency in 1981.[6]

Current National Assembly RepresentativesEdit

Constituency Member[7] Party
Nièvre's 1st constituency Perrine Goulet La République En Marche!
Nièvre's 2nd constituency Patrice Perrot La République En Marche!

TourismEdit

SportEdit

The Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours hosted the Formula One French Grand Prix from 1991 to 2008, the Bol d'Or from 2000 to 2014, and the French round of the Superbike World Championship since 2003. USO Nevers is a professional rugby team that plays in Rugby Pro D2.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b "A Guide to the Departments of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté - New Regions". frenchentree.com. 13 October 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "NIEVRE : map, cities and data of the departement of Nièvre 58". www.map-france.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Le SPLAF". splaf.free.fr.
  5. ^ a b "Pouilly-Fumé". www.pouilly-fume.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  6. ^ "History of Burgundy, Famous Names". www.burgundytoday.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  7. ^ Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.

External linksEdit