Liverpool City Region Combined Authority
The Liverpool City Region Combined Authority (LCRCA) is the combined authority of the Liverpool City Region, an area that covers the metropolitan county of Merseyside and the adjacent Borough of Halton in North West England. It was established on 1 April 2014 by statutory instrument under the provisions of the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009. Membership of the combined authority is made up of the leaders of the six principal membership authorities and the local enterprise partnership.
Liverpool City Region Combined Authority
|Founded||1 April 2014|
|Preceded by||Merseyside Integrated Transport Authority|
|Indirect election, directly elected mayor from 2017|
|4 May 2017|
|1 Mann Island, Liverpool|
The LCRCA is a strategic authority with powers over transport, economic development and regeneration. Transport policy of the combined authority is delivered by the Merseytravel functional body.
The statutory name of the combined authority is the Halton, Knowsley, Liverpool, St Helens, Sefton and Wirral Combined Authority and at the inaugural meeting on 1 April 2014 the name Liverpool City Region Combined Authority was adopted. The chair of the authority is Steve Rotheram, the Liverpool City Region Mayor.
In order to create a combined authority the local authorities in the proposed combined area must undertake a governance review and produce a scheme of their proposals. The six local authorities in this case are Halton Borough Council, Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, Liverpool City Council, Sefton Metropolitan Borough Council, St Helens Metropolitan Borough Council and Wirral Metropolitan Borough Council. They are the five metropolitan borough councils of Merseyside and the unitary authority of the adjacent Borough of Halton. The Merseyside Integrated Transport Authority and Liverpool City Region Local Enterprise Partnership also supported them.
Development and formationEdit
The governance review explored four options for the strategic governance of Liverpool City Region. They were status quo/do nothing; a supervisory board; an economic prosperity board; or a combined authority. It concluded that the establishment of a combined authority would improve the "alignment, coordination and delivery of economic development and transport related initiatives" and "the decision making process will become faster and more efficient".
The scheme was published on 30 September 2013. It proposed a combined authority comprising seven members - one from each constituent local authority, and one more from Liverpool City Region Local Enterprise Partnership. The combined authority, specifically through its transport committee, replaces the Merseyside Integrated Transport Authority. The Merseyside Passenger Transport Executive remains as the transport executive organisation and is formally named Merseytravel.
The proposed authority was known as the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority throughout the development process and was the name submitted to the Department for Communities and Local Government. However, the government published scheme used the name 'Greater Merseyside Combined Authority'. The government consultation that followed showed strong support for a name that included 'Liverpool' and not 'Merseyside'. The name was changed to Halton, Knowsley, Liverpool, St Helens, Sefton and Wirral Combined Authority in the draft order presented to parliament. This was chosen by the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG) because it said the local authorities could not agree a name for the combined authority and some responses to the consultation objected to the name 'Liverpool'. An explanatory memorandum attached to the orders creating the combined authorities stated that any name including 'City Region' was considered "misleading and inappropriate" by the government. DCLG stated that the combined authority could use any public name it wanted. On 21 February 2014 it was decided by the constituent councils that the authority will use the public name of Liverpool City Region Combined Authority. A motion at the inaugural meeting on 1 April 2014 proposed that the authority should adopt the name Liverpool City Region Combined Authority and this was passed unanimously.
|Name||Position within nominating authority||Nominating authority|
|Steve Rotheram||Metro Mayor||Liverpool City Region Combined Authority|
|Cllr Rob Polhill||Leader||Halton Borough Council|
|Cllr Andy Moorhead||Leader||Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council|
|Joe Anderson OBE||Mayor of Liverpool||Liverpool City Council|
|Cllr Barrie Grunewald||Leader||St Helens Metropolitan Borough Council|
|Cllr Ian Maher||Leader||Sefton Metropolitan Borough Council|
|Cllr Phil Davies||Leader||Wirral Metropolitan Borough Council|
|Asif Hamid||Chair||Liverpool City Region Local Enterprise Partnership|
|Jane Kennedy||Merseyside Police and Crime Commissioner||Merseyside Police|
|Cllr Liam Robinson||Chair||Merseytravel|
|Cllr Terry O'Neill||Leader||Warrington Borough Council|
|Cllr Ian Moran||Leader||West Lancashire Borough Council|
The long-term future of the new authority was left in doubt after Joe Anderson decided to seek legal advice on Liverpool City Council leaving, following his failure to be elected as its chair. Anderson was not present during the leadership vote. Other members said he allowed his personal ego and his belief he had a "God given right to chair the authority" to put it in jeopardy. Members were also concerned about the reputational damage that Anderson's actions were having on the Merseyside region. The future of the authority appeared more secure following a statement by Anderson on 7 April 2014, where he made clear that the matter that caused the dispute is "closed" and that Liverpool would remain in the combined authority.
The authority consists of several committees. Other than the Merseytravel Committee on transport matters which is detailed in the constitution and the Authority itself it is also has an Audit Committee and a Scrutiny Panel.
The Merseytravel Committee acts as the transport authority, with Merseytravel as the executive agency.
- "Proposal to establish a combined authority for Greater Merseyside" (PDF). Department for Communities and Local Government. November 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- "Liverpool City Region Review of Strategic Governance and Scheme for the Establishment of a Combined Authority" (PDF). Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 February 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- "Summary of responses to consultations on proposals to establish the Combined Authorities" (PDF). Department for Communities and Local Government. February 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- "The Halton, Knowsley, Liverpool, St Helens, Sefton and Wirral Combined Authority Order 2014 (Draft)" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- "Merseyside 'super council' to be called Halton, Knowsley, Liverpool, St Helens, Sefton and Wirral Combined Authority".
- "Merseyside supercouncil's lengthy name ridiculed".
- "Explanatory Memorandum" (PDF).
- "DCLG accused of 'silliness' over combined authority names". 21 February 2014.
- "Establishment of a Combined Authority for the Liverpool City Region" (PDF). 21 February 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- Constitution of the Halton, Knowsley, Liverpool, St Helens, Sefton and Wirral Combined Authority, 14 February 2014
- Piper, John (2015-02-04). "West Lancs Council team up with neighbouring authorities to boost local economy". Southport Visiter. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- "Liverpool Mayor Joe Anderson elected chair of city region". BBC News. 18 December 2015.
- Waddington, Marc (1 April 2014). "New chair of Merseyside 'super council' warns egos must be put to one side to ensure region's growth". Liverpool Echo.
- "Councillor Barrie Grunewald voted the new deputy chair of the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority". St Helens Star. 19 June 2015.
- Waddington, Marc (2 April 2014). "Liverpool City Region combined authority row is down to Joe Anderson's ego, claims St Helens Council leader". Liverpool Echo.
- Dunlop Heywood (2014-04-02). "Combined authority threatens to implode in first week". Place North West. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- "Liverpool mayor threatens to exit Merseyside authority". BBC News. 3 April 2014.
- Smulian, Mark (2014-04-07). "Mayor backs down over combined authority | News | Local Government Chronicle". Lgcplus.com. Retrieved 2015-09-07.