List of the major 100-kilometer summits of the Rocky Mountains

The following sortable table lists the 19 peaks of the Rocky Mountains of North America with at least 100 kilometers (62.14 miles) of topographic isolation and at least 500 meters (1640 feet) of topographic prominence.[1]

The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

  1. The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level.[2][3]
  2. The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings.[4][3]
  3. The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation.[5]

Major 100-kilometer summitsEdit

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Of these 19 major 100-kilometer summits of the Rocky Mountains, six are located in Montana, four in Wyoming, three in Colorado, three in British Columbia, two in Utah, two in Alberta, and one in Idaho. Two of these peaks lie on the Alberta-British Columbia border.

The 19 most topographically isolated summits of the Rocky Mountains with at least 500 meters of topographic prominence

Rank Mountain Peak State or Province Mountain Range Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
1 Mount Elbert[6][7][8][a]   Colorado Sawatch Range 4401.2 m
14,440 ft
2772 m
9,093 ft
1,079.15 39°07′04″N 106°26′43″W / 39.1178°N 106.4454°W / 39.1178; -106.4454 (Mount Elbert)
2 Gannett Peak[9][10][11][b][c]   Wyoming Wind River Range 4209.1 m
13,809 ft
2157 m
7,076 ft
467 km
290 mi
43°11′03″N 109°39′15″W / 43.1842°N 109.6542°W / 43.1842; -109.6542 (Gannett Peak)
3 Mount Robson[12][13][d][e]   British Columbia Canadian Rockies 3959 m
12,989 ft
2829 m
9,281 ft
460 km
286 mi
53°06′38″N 119°09′24″W / 53.1105°N 119.1566°W / 53.1105; -119.1566 (Mount Robson)
4 Kings Peak[14][15][f][g]   Utah Uinta Mountains 4125 m
13,534 ft
1938 m
6,358 ft
268 km
166.6 mi
40°46′35″N 110°22′22″W / 40.7763°N 110.3729°W / 40.7763; -110.3729 (Kings Peak)
5 Borah Peak[16][17][18][h]   Idaho Lost River Range 3861.2 m
12,668 ft
1829 m
6,002 ft
243 km
150.8 mi
44°08′15″N 113°46′52″W / 44.1374°N 113.7811°W / 44.1374; -113.7811 (Borah Peak)
6 Cloud Peak[19][20][21][i][j]   Wyoming Bighorn Mountains 4013.3 m
13,167 ft
2157 m
7,077 ft
233 km
145 mi
44°22′56″N 107°10′26″W / 44.3821°N 107.1739°W / 44.3821; -107.1739 (Cloud Peak)
7 Blanca Peak[22][23][k][l][m]   Colorado Sangre de Cristo Mountains 4374 m
14,351 ft
1623 m
5,326 ft
166.4 km
103.4 mi
37°34′39″N 105°29′08″W / 37.5775°N 105.4856°W / 37.5775; -105.4856 (Blanca Peak)
8 Mount Cleveland[24][25][26][n]   Montana Lewis Range 3194 m
10,479 ft
1599 m
5,246 ft
159.9 km
99.4 mi
48°55′30″N 113°50′54″W / 48.9249°N 113.8482°W / 48.9249; -113.8482 (Mount Cleveland)
9 Mount Columbia[27][28][o]   Alberta
  British Columbia
Canadian Rockies 3741 m
12,274 ft
2371 m
7,779 ft
158 km
98.2 mi
52°08′50″N 117°26′30″W / 52.1473°N 117.4416°W / 52.1473; -117.4416 (Mount Columbia)
10 Mount Assiniboine[29][30][p]   Alberta
  British Columbia
Canadian Rockies 3616 m
11,864 ft
2082 m
6,831 ft
141.8 km
88.1 mi
50°52′11″N 115°39′03″W / 50.8696°N 115.6509°W / 50.8696; -115.6509 (Mount Assiniboine)
11 Granite Peak[31][32][33][q]   Montana Beartooth Mountains 3903.5 m
12,807 ft
1457 m
4,779 ft
138.5 km
86 mi
45°09′48″N 109°48′27″W / 45.1634°N 109.8075°W / 45.1634; -109.8075 (Granite Peak)
12 Uncompahgre Peak[34][35][36][r][s]   Colorado San Juan Mountains 4365 m
14,321 ft
1304 m
4,277 ft
136.8 km
85 mi
38°04′18″N 107°27′44″W / 38.0717°N 107.4621°W / 38.0717; -107.4621 (Uncompahgre Peak)
13 Snowshoe Peak[37][38][t][u]   Montana Cabinet Mountains 2665 m
8,743 ft
1658 m
5,438 ft
133.5 km
82.9 mi
48°13′23″N 115°41′20″W / 48.2231°N 115.6890°W / 48.2231; -115.6890 (Snowshoe Peak)
14 McDonald Peak[39][40][v][w]   Montana Mission Range 2994 m
9,824 ft
1722 m
5,650 ft
127.8 km
79.4 mi
47°22′57″N 113°55′09″W / 47.3826°N 113.9191°W / 47.3826; -113.9191 (McDonald Peak)
15 Hilgard Peak[41][42][x][y]   Montana Madison Range 3451 m
11,321 ft
1238 m
4,063 ft
123 km
76.4 mi
44°55′00″N 111°27′33″W / 44.9166°N 111.4593°W / 44.9166; -111.4593 (Hilgard Peak)
16 Mount Nebo[43][44][z][aa]   Utah Wasatch Range 3637 m
11,933 ft
1679 m
5,508 ft
121.6 km
75.6 mi
39°49′19″N 111°45′37″W / 39.8219°N 111.7603°W / 39.8219; -111.7603 (Mount Nebo)
17 Tweedy Mountain[45][46][47][ab][ac]   Montana Pioneer Mountains 3401 m
11,159 ft
1163 m
3,814 ft
120.7 km
75 mi
45°28′50″N 112°57′56″W / 45.4805°N 112.9655°W / 45.4805; -112.9655 (Tweedy Mountain)
18 Grand Teton[48][49][50][ad][ae]   Wyoming Teton Range 4198.7 m
13,775 ft
1995 m
6,545 ft
111.6 km
69.4 mi
43°44′28″N 110°48′09″W / 43.7412°N 110.8024°W / 43.7412; -110.8024 (Grand Teton)
19 Laramie Peak[51][52][53]   Wyoming Laramie Mountains 3132 m
10,276 ft
1011 m
3,317 ft
108.4 km
67.4 mi
42°16′05″N 105°26′33″W / 42.2681°N 105.4425°W / 42.2681; -105.4425 (Laramie Peak)

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The summit of Mount Elbert is the highest point of the U.S. State of Colorado, the Rocky Mountains of North America, and the entire Mississippi River drainage basin.
  2. ^ The summit of Gannett Peak is the highest point of the Wind River Range, the U.S. State of Wyoming, and the central Rocky Mountains.
  3. ^ Gannett Peak is the northernmost and westernmost summit of its elevation in the Rocky Mountains.
  4. ^ The summit of Mount Robson is the highest point of the Canadian Rockies.
  5. ^ Mount Robson is the easternmost summit of its elevation in Canada and the northernmost and westernmost summit of its elevation in the Rocky Mountains.
  6. ^ The summit of Kings Peak is the highest point of the Uinta Mountains, the U.S. State of Utah, and the western Rocky Mountains.
  7. ^ The elevation of Kings Peak includes an adjustment of +1.807 m (5.93 ft) from NGVD 29 to NAVD 88.
  8. ^ The summit of Borah Peak is the highest point of the Lost River Range and the U.S. State of Idaho.
  9. ^ The summit of Cloud Peak is the highest point of the Bighorn Mountains.
  10. ^ Cloud Peak is the northernmost 4000-meter (13,123-foot) summit of the Rocky Mountains.
  11. ^ The summit of Blanca Peak is the highest point of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains and the entire Rio Grande drainage basin.
  12. ^ Blanca Peak is the southernmost ultra-prominent summit of the Rocky Mountains.
  13. ^ The elevation of Blanca Peak includes an adjustment of +1.755 m (5.76 ft) from NGVD 29 to NAVD 88.
  14. ^ The summit of Mount Cleveland is the highest point of the Lewis Range.
  15. ^ Mount Columbia on the Great Divide between British Columbia and Alberta is the highest point of the Columbia Icefield, the Province of Alberta, and the entire Beaufort Sea Drainage basin.
  16. ^ Mount Assiniboine is the southernmost and easternmost summit of its elevation in Canada.
  17. ^ The summit of Granite Peak is the highest point of the Beartooth Mountains and the U.S. State of Montana.
  18. ^ The summit of Uncompahgre Peak is the highest point of the San Juan Mountains and the entire Gulf of California drainage basin.
  19. ^ Uncompahgre Peak is the westernmost summit of its elevation in the Rocky Mountains.
  20. ^ The summit of Snowshoe Peak is the highest point of the Cabinet Mountains.
  21. ^ The elevation of Snowshoe Peak includes an adjustment of +1.367 m (4.48 ft) from NGVD 29 to NAVD 88.
  22. ^ The summit of McDonald Peak is the highest point of the Mission Range.
  23. ^ The elevation of McDonald Peak includes an adjustment of +1.318 m (4.32 ft) from NGVD 29 to NAVD 88.
  24. ^ The summit of Hilgard Peak is the highest point of the Madison Range.
  25. ^ The elevation of Hilgard Peak includes an adjustment of +1.49 m (4.89 ft) from NGVD 29 to NAVD 88.
  26. ^ The summit of Mount Nebo is the highest point of the Wasatch Range.
  27. ^ The elevation of Mount Nebo includes an adjustment of +1.395 m (4.58 ft) from NGVD 29 to NAVD 88.
  28. ^ The summit of Tweedy Mountain is the highest point of the Pioneer Mountains.
  29. ^ The elevation of Tweedy Mountain includes an adjustment of +1.598 m (5.24 ft) from NGVD 29 to NAVD 88.
  30. ^ The summit of Grand Teton is the highest point of the Teton Range.
  31. ^ Grand Teton is the northernmost and westernmost 4000-meter (13,123-foot) summit of the Rocky Mountains.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ This article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least 100 meters (328.1 feet) of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least 500 meters (1640 feet) of topographic prominence. All summits in this article have at least 500 meters of topographic prominence. An ultra-prominent summit is a summit with at least 1500 meters (4921 feet) of topographic prominence.
  2. ^ All elevations in the 48 states of the contiguous United States include an elevation adjustment from the National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929 (NGVD 29) to the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88). For further information, please see this United States National Geodetic Survey note.
  3. ^ a b If the elevation or prominence of a summit is calculated as a range of values, the arithmetic mean is shown.
  4. ^ The topographic prominence of a summit is the topographic elevation difference between the summit and its highest or key col to a higher summit. The summit may be near its key col or quite far away. The key col for Denali in Alaska is the Isthmus of Rivas in Nicaragua, 7642 kilometers (4749 miles) away.
  5. ^ The topographic isolation of a summit is the great-circle distance to its nearest point of equal elevation.
  6. ^ "MOUNT ELBERT". Datasheet for NGS Station KL0637. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Mount Elbert". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  8. ^ "Mount Elbert". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  9. ^ "GANNETT PEAK CAIRN". Datasheet for NGS Station OW0356. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  10. ^ "Gannett Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  11. ^ "Gannett Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  12. ^ "Mount Robson". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  13. ^ "Mount Robson". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  14. ^ "Kings Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  15. ^ "Kings Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  16. ^ "BEAUTY RESET". Datasheet for NGS Station PZ0770. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  17. ^ "Borah Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  18. ^ "Borah Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  19. ^ "CLOUD PEAK". Datasheet for NGS Station PW0524. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  20. ^ "Cloud Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  21. ^ "Cloud Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  22. ^ "Blanca Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  23. ^ "Blanca Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  24. ^ "CLEVELAND". Datasheet for NGS Station TM1009. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  25. ^ "Mount Cleveland". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  26. ^ "Mount Cleveland". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  27. ^ "Mount Columbia". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  28. ^ "Mount Columbia". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  29. ^ "Mount Assiniboine". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  30. ^ "Mount Assiniboine". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  31. ^ "GRANITE PEAK". Datasheet for NGS Station QW0616. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  32. ^ "Granite Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  33. ^ "Granite Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  34. ^ "UNCOMPAHGRE". Datasheet for NGS Station JL0798. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  35. ^ "Uncompahgre Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  36. ^ "Uncompahgre Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  37. ^ "Snowshoe Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  38. ^ "Snowshoe Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  39. ^ "McDonald Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  40. ^ "McDonald Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  41. ^ "Hilgard Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  42. ^ "Hilgard Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  43. ^ "Mount Nebo". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  44. ^ "Mount Nebo". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  45. ^ "TWEEDY MTN SOUTH PEAK". Datasheet for NGS Station QY0549. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  46. ^ "Tweedy Mountain". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  47. ^ "Tweedy Mountain". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  48. ^ "GRAND TETON". Datasheet for NGS Station OX0838. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  49. ^ "Grand Teton". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  50. ^ "Grand Teton". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  51. ^ "LARAMIE PEAK". Datasheet for NGS Station NQ0621. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  52. ^ "Laramie Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  53. ^ "Laramie Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 39°07′04″N 106°26′43″W / 39.1178°N 106.4454°W / 39.1178; -106.4454 (Mount Elbert)