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This article lists the Counts, Dukes, Electors, and Kings who ruled over different territories named Württemberg from the beginning of the County of Württemberg in the 11th century to the end of the Kingdom of Württemberg in 1918.

Monarchy of Württemberg
Provincial/State
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Württemberg 1817-1921.svg
König Wilhelm II.jpg
William II
Details
StyleHis Majesty
First monarchConrad I (as Count)
Last monarchWilliam II (as King)
Formation1081
Abolition30 November 1918
AppointerHereditary
Pretender(s)Carl, Duke of Württemberg
Coat of arms of the House of Württemberg on a gate at their current residence, Schloss Altshausen in Altshausen, Germany.

Contents

Counts of Württemberg to 1495Edit

The Treaty of Nürtingen divided the County of Württemberg into two separate lines. Württemberg-Stuttgart with the capital Stuttgart and Württemberg-Urach with the capital Urach.

Württemberg-Stuttgart lineEdit

Württemberg-Urach lineEdit

The Treaty of Münsingen reunited the two separate Lines under Eberhard V in 1482. Eberhard obtained the title of Duke in 1495.

Dukes of Württemberg 1495–1803Edit

Dukes of Württemberg
Württemberg Dynasty
Image Name Began Ended Notes
  Eberhard I 21 July 1495 24 February 1496
  Eberhard II 24 February 1496 11 June 1498
  Ulrich 11 June 1498 January 1519 Deposed.
Württemberg annexed by Austria 1519–1534
  Ulrich May 1534 6 November 1550 Restored.
  Christoph 6 November 1550 28 December 1568
  Ludwig III 28 December 1568 18 August 1593
  Friedrich I 18 August 1593 29 January 1608
  Johann Friedrich 29 January 1608 18 July 1628
  Eberhard III 18 July 1628 2 July 1674
  Wilhelm Ludwig 2 July 1674 23 June 1677
  Eberhard Ludwig 23 June 1677 31 October 1733
  Karl Alexander 31 October 1733 12 March 1737 Previously served as regent of the Kingdom of Serbia from 1720 to 1733.
  Karl Eugen 12 March 1737 24 October 1793
  Ludwig Eugen 24 October 1793 20 May 1795
  Friedrich Eugen 20 May 1795 23 December 1797
  Friedrich II 23 December 1797 25 February 1803

Elector of Württemberg 1803–1806Edit

In 1803, the Duke of Württemberg was raised to the rank of Elector of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1806, the Empire was dissolved, and the Elector of Württemberg became an independent monarch with the title of King.

Elector of Württemberg
Württemberg Dynasty
Image Name Began Ended Notes
  Friedrich II 25 February 1803 1 January 1806 The first and only Elector of Württemberg.

Kings of Württemberg 1806–1918Edit

The Holy Roman Empire came to an end in 1806. The Elector of Württemberg, allied to Napoleon I, anticipated its dissolution by becoming the ruler of an independent Kingdom of Württemberg in 1806.

Kings of Württemberg
Württemberg Dynasty
Image Name Began Ended Notes
  Frederick I
Friedrich I
1 January 1806 30 October 1816
  William I
Wilhelm I
30 October 1816 25 June 1864 Son of Frederick I.
  Charles I
Karl I
25 June 1864 6 October 1891 Son of William I. Became a subordinate ruler in the German Empire after the Unification of Germany in 1871.
  William II
Wilhelm II
6 October 1891 30 November 1918 Nephew of Charles I. The last King of Württemberg. Abdicated in the German Revolution of 1918–19.

Because of a lack of male heirs under Salic law, on the death of Wilhelm II in 1921 the royal house had to reach back to the descendants of Friedrich II Eugen (ruled 1795–97). The line of the Duke of Urach was excluded because of a morganatic marriage back in 1800 by its forebear Duke William, and so the succession devolved to the younger branch of Altshausen.

Another morganatic descendant of Friedrich II Eugen was Mary of Teck (1867–1953), who married the British king George V when he was Duke of York.

Heads of the House of Württemberg since 1918Edit

The legal line of succession of the house of Württemberg has continued to the present, although the house no longer plays any political role.

Presidents of the Free People's State of Württemberg 1918–1945Edit

See alsoEdit