Louis Frederick, Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard

Louis Frederick of Württemberg-Montbéliard (29 January 1586 in Montbéliard – 26 January 1631 in Montbéliard) was the founder of a cadet line of the House of Württemberg known as the Dukes of Württemberg-Montbéliard.

Louis Frederick, Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard
Louis Frederick, Duke of Wurtemberg (1586-1631).jpg
Louis Frederick, Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard
Born(1586-01-29)29 January 1586
Montbéliard
Died26 January 1631(1631-01-26) (aged 44)
Montbéliard
Noble familyHouse of Württemberg
Spouse(s)Elisabeth Magdalena of Hesse-Darmstadt
Anna Eleonora of Nassau-Weilburg-Saarbrücken
FatherFrederick I, Duke of Württemberg
MotherSibylla of Anhalt

Louis Frederick of Württemberg was born at Montbéliard Castle as the fifth child and second son of Duke Frederick I of Württemberg, and princess Sibylla of Anhalt.

LifeEdit

In 1608 Louis Frederick came to England to return his father's insignia of the Order of the Garter and visited Scotland, where he was hosted by Andrew Melville of Garvock.[1]

On 28 May 1617 Louis Frederick agreed with older brother Duke John Frederick to divide the Württemberg possessions. Louis Frederick received the possessions on the left bank of the Rhine (Montbéliard, Riquewihr and Horburg) with full sovereignty. Thus, Louis Frederick became the founder of the younger Württemberg-Montbéliard line.

During the Thirty Years' War, his territory suffered badly from starvation and the plague. After his brother John Frederick died on 28 July 1628, Louis Frederick moved to Stuttgart, to act as guardian and regent for his fourteen-year-old cousin Eberhard III. His tenure as regent was dominated by conflicts with Emperor Ferdinand II, after Württemberg lost about a third of its territory due to the Edict of Restitution. In November 1630, Louis Frederick returned to Montbéliard, where he died on 26 January 1631.

Marriage and issueEdit

Louis Frederick married on 14 July 1617 with Elisabeth Magdalena of Hesse-Darmstadt, daughter of Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. The marriage produced three children:

After Elisabeth Magdalena's death on 9 June 1624, Louis Frederick married on 15 May 1625 with Anna Eleonora of Nassau-Weilburg-Saarbrücken. This marriage also produced three children:

  • George II (5 October 1626 – 1 June 1699)
  • Henry (19 December 1627 – January 1628)
  • Georgia Ludovica (1 February 1630 – 11 April 1630)

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ William Fraser, Melvilles, Earls of Melville, and the Leslies, Earls of Leven (Edinburgh, 1890), p. 166: Dorothea Nolde, 'Religion and the Display of Power', C. Scott Dixon, Dagmar Freist, Mark Greengrass, Living with Religious Diversity in Early-modern Europe (Ashgate, 2009), p. 268.
Louis Frederick, Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard
Born: 29 January 1586 Died: 26 January 1631
Preceded by
John Frederick
as Duke of Württemberg
Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard
1617-1631
Succeeded by
Leopold Frederick