List of minerals

This is a list of minerals for which there are articles on Wikipedia.

Minerals are distinguished by various chemical and physical properties. Differences in chemical composition and crystal structure distinguish the various species. Within a mineral species there may be variation in physical properties or minor amounts of impurities that are recognized by mineralogists or wider society as a mineral variety.

Mineral variety names are listed after the valid minerals for each letter.

For a more complete listing of all mineral names, see List of minerals approved by IMA.

AEdit

 
Amethyst crystals – a purple quartz
 
Apophyllite crystals sitting right beside a cluster of peachy bowtie stilbite
 
Aquamarine variety of beryl with tourmaline on orthoclase
 
Aurichalcite needles spraying out within a protected pocket lined by bladed calcite crystals
 
Austinite from the Ojuela Mine, Mapimí, Durango, Mexico
 
Ametrine containing amethyst and citrine, from Bolivia
Varieties that are not valid species:

BEdit

 
Baryte (included by malachite) on malachite, from Shangulowé Mine, Kambove, Central area, Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo
 
Spiky calcite scalenohedra with a coating of whitish benstonite on a layer of teal-colored fluorite
 
Thin tabular biotite cluster
 
Brookite from Kharan, Balochistan, Pakistan
Varieties that are not valid species:

CEdit

 
Radiating spray of colorless wheatsheaf calcite crystals on matrix, from Iraí, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
 
Rhombohedrons of calcite that appear almost as books of petals, piled up 3-dimensionally on the matrix, from Eastern Europe
 
Sky blue, prismatic crystals of celestine from Majunga, Madagascar
 
Pocket cavity of small chrysocolla stalactites from Ray Mine, Scott Mountain area, Mineral Creek District, Arizona, USA
 
Cinnabar on dolomite
Varieties that are not valid species:

DEdit

 
The slightly misshapen octahedral shape of this rough diamond crystal in matrix is typical of the mineral
Varieties that are not valid species:

EEdit

 
Emerald on quartz, from Carnaiba Mine, Pindobaçu, Campo Formoso ultramafic complex, Bahia, Brazil
Varieties that are not valid species:

FEdit

 
Translucent fluorapophyllit-(K) crystal and stilbite, from Jalgaon District, Maharashtra, India
 
Deep green isolated fluorite crystal showing cubic and octahedral faces, set upon a micaceous matrix
Varieties that are not valid species:

GEdit

 
Gold vein stockwork in limonite, from Gold Flake Vein, Farncomb Hill, Breckenridge Mining District, Summit County, Colorado, USA
Varieties that are not valid species:

HEdit

 
Brazilian trigonal hematite crystals
 
Hübnerite and quartz
Varieties that are not valid species:

IEdit

 
Inyoite from Monte Azul deposit, Sijes, Salta, Argentina
Varieties that are not valid species:
  • Idocrase (synonym of vesuvianite)
  • Iolite (a gem-quality variety of cordierite)

JEdit

 
Benitoite (blue), joaquinite-(Ce) (brown) and neptunite (dark red) on natrolite (white), from Dallas Gem Mine area, San Benito River headwaters area, New Idria District, Diablo Range, San Benito Co., California, USA
Varieties that are not valid species:

KEdit

 
Kainosite-(Y) from the Amphibolite quarry, Haslach, Black Forest, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
 
Kröhnkite from Cuquicamata Mine, Chuquicamata District, Calama, El Loa Province, Antofagasta Region, Chile
Varieties that are not valid species:

LEdit

 
Langite from Elsass, France
 
Legrandite on limonite
 
Liddicoatite on quartz and feldspar
Varieties that are not valid species:

MEdit

 
Magnetite from Speen Ghar, Nangarhar Province, Afghanistan
 
Manganite from Ilfeld, Thuringia, Germany
 
Mimetite on limonite matrix
Varieties that are not valid species:

NEdit

 
Needles of natrolite on deep pink inesite
Varieties that are not valid species:

OEdit

 
Boulder opal, Carisbrooke Station near Winton, Queensland, Australia
Varieties that are not valid species:

PEdit

 
Paravauxite and sigloite crystals associated with micro crystallized iron-stained wavellite needles on matrix
 
Phosphophyllite from Cerro de Potosí, Potosí Department, Bolivia
 
Pyrrhotite on quartz
Varieties that are not valid species:

QEdit

REdit

 
Crystals of cherry red ruby in matrix
Varieties that are not valid species:

SEdit

 
Acicular colorless scolecite crystals in a group with pale green apophyllite and very light pink stilbite
 
Gypsum (selenite variety): Santa Eulalia District, Chihuahua, Mexico
 
Serandite clusters from Poudrette quarry, Mont Saint-Hilaire, Montérégie, Québec, Canada
 
Botryoidal balls of shattuckite, from Otjikotu, Kaokoveld, Kunene, Namibia
 
Ball of stepped stannite crystals flanked by splaying GEM quartzes and golden chalcopyrite at its upper edge, from Yaogangxian Mine, Yizhang County, Chenzhou Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
Varieties that are not valid species:

TEdit

 
Crystal of titanite with adularia and minor clinochlore on matrix
 
Fluorite crystal sitting beside a glassy, dark green tourmaline crystal, which itself sits atop a green tourmaline of a lighter color. All sit on a bed of sparkly, bladed stark white albite
 
Crystals of turquoise, from Copper Cities Mine, Globe-Miami District, Arizona, USA
Varieties that are not valid species:

UEdit

 
Crystals of tourmaline (uvite variety) on quartz, from Pomba pit, Serra das Éguas, Brumado, Bahia, Brazil
Varieties that are not valid species:

VEdit

 
Vanadinite from the Mibladen Mining District, Morocco

WEdit

 
Deep green balls of wavellite in exposed pocket, from Mauldin Mountain Quarries, Montgomery County, Arkansas, USA

XEdit

 
Radial fibrous inesite and xonotlite from Northern Cape Province, South Africa

YEdit

Varieties that are not valid species:

ZEdit

 
Zeolite with heulandite on quartz
 
Zircon from Gilgit, Pakistan
Varieties that are not valid species:

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit