Ericssonite has a general formula of BaMn2FeO[Si2O7](OH).[2] It was discovered in 1967 and named after John Ericsson (July 31, 1803 – March 8, 1889), a well known Swedish American inventor, engineer and designer of the iron-clad ship USS Monitor.[3] Ericssonite was discovered in the Jakobsberg Mine in Värmland, Sweden.[4]

(repeating unit)
IMA symbolErs[1]
Crystal systemMonoclinic
Crystal classPrismatic (2/m)
(same H-M symbol)
Space groupC2/m
Unit cella= 20.42, b= 7.03
c= 5.34 [Å], β= 95.5°; Z = 4
Colordeep reddish black
Crystal habitMassive - uniformly indistinguishable crystals forming large masses
Cleavageperfect, perfect on (100) fair on (011)
Tenacityvery brittle
Mohs scale hardness4.5
Lustersub metallic
DiaphaneityTranslucent to opaque
Refractive index1.802-1.891
Pleochroismx= pale greenish tan, y= red-brown, z= deep brown
Other characteristicsweakly magnetic

Ericcsonite is monoclinic; this means it contains three unequal vectors, two of these vector angles are perpendicular while the other is at an angle greater than 90°.[5] Optically ericssonite is anisotropic which means that the mineral has more than one index of refraction, causing light to vary in speed depending on which axis it is traveling through. Since ericssonite is monoclinic, containing three unequal vectors, it has three indices of refraction. Ericssonite is usually a deep reddish-black in color. [6]

Ericssonite is only found in the Langban mine in Sweden, associated with a metamorphic manganese orebody. Also it is always inter-grown with orthoericssonite, which is almost identical to ericssonite except it contains extra silicon and oxygen in its chemical formula.


  1. ^ Warr, L.N. (2021). "IMA–CNMNC approved mineral symbols". Mineralogical Magazine. 85 (3): 291–320. Bibcode:2021MinM...85..291W. doi:10.1180/mgm.2021.43. S2CID 235729616.
  2. ^ "Ericssonite".
  3. ^ "Ericssonite Mineral Data".
  4. ^ "Jakobsberg Mine, Nordmark, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden". Mindat.
  5. ^ Roberts, W.L., Campbell, T.J., and Rapp Jr, G.R. (1990) Encyclopedia of Minerals (2nd Edition). 294 p. Library of Congress Cataloging, Washington, D.C.
  6. ^ "The Truth About Ericcsonite". YouTube.