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Motukoreaite is a mineral with formula Mg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2·6H2O (possibly more than one species).[4] The mineral is named for Motukorea, the island in New Zealand where it was discovered. Motukoreaite was first noted in 1941 and officially described in 1977.

Motukoreaite
Motukoreaite-Phillipsite-91264.jpg
Yellow-white balls of motukoreaite held together by phillipsite
General
CategorySulfate and Carbonate mineral
Formula
(repeating unit)
Mg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2·6H2O (possibly more than one species)
Strunz classification7.DD.35
Dana classification17.1.7.1
Crystal systemTrigonal
Crystal classHexagonal scalenohedral (3m)
H-M symbol: (3 2/m)
Space groupR3m
Unit cella = 9.172(2) Å, c = 33.51(1) Å, Z = 3
Identification
ColorColorless, white, pale yellow, pale yellow-green
CleavageGood on {0001}, perhaps a parting
TenacitySectile, flexible
Mohs scale hardness1–1.5
LusterDull
StreakWhite
DiaphaneitySemitransparent
Specific gravity1.43–1.53
Optical propertiesUniaxial (+)
Refractive indexnα = 1.510, nβ = 1.510
Birefringenceδ = 0.012
References[1][2][3]

DescriptionEdit

Motukoreaite occurs as claylike cement or hexagonal tabular crystals up to 0.2 mm (0.0079 in) in size that form rosettes, boxworks, and subparallel aggregates. The crystals are semitransparent and are white, pale yellow, pale yellow-green, or colorless. The mineral readily dehydrates partially.[1]

Motukoreaite has been found in association with apatite, barite, calcite, chabazite, calcic plagioclase, gismondine, gypsum, hisingerite, hydrotalcite, limonite, magnetite, montmorillonite, nordstrandite, olivine, phillipsite, pyroxene, quartz, and zeolites.[1]

FormationEdit

Motukoreaite forms from the alteration of submarine basaltic glass at temperatures below 150 °C (302 °F).[5] The alteration occurs in the sequence motukoreaite, phillipsite, calcite. A study in 1989 suggested that motukoreaite is a common, widely occurring mineral.[6]

HistoryEdit

Motukoreaite was first identified as "beach limestone" by J. A. Bartrum in 1941 at two locations along the shore of Motukorea where it occurs as a coating or alteration of basaltic sand and basaltic tuff related to a small Pleistocene volcanic cone.[7] In 1977, the new mineral was officially described from the island and the name motukoreaite was approved by the Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names in honor of the island. The mineral's small crystal size made determination of its optical properties difficult.[8]

DistributionEdit

Motukoreaite is known from Motukorea, New Zealand, La Piatta quarry in Italy, Stradner Kogel in Austria,[2] and the western Mediterranean Sea near Spain.[6] It has been reported from the Surtsey Island and other locations on the mid-Atlantic Ridge. It also occurs along the axial rift of the Red Sea.[1]

The type material is held at the University of Auckland in Auckland, New Zealand, the Natural History Museum, London, and the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Motukoreaite" (PDF). Handbook of Mineralogy. Mineral Data Publishing. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Motukoreaite". Mindat. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
  3. ^ "Motukoreaite". Webmineral. Retrieved June 6, 2012.
  4. ^ Back, Malcolm E. (2014). Fleischer’s Glossary of Mineral Species (11 ed.). Tucson AZ: Mineralogical Record Inc. p. 434.
  5. ^ Zamarreño, p. 1058.
  6. ^ a b Zamarreño, p. 1054.
  7. ^ Rodgers, p. 389.
  8. ^ Rodgers, p. 390.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

  Media related to Motukoreaite at Wikimedia Commons