Mapimí (Spanish About this sound ) is a city and municipal seat of the Mapimí Municipality in the Mexican state of Durango.[1] As of 2015, the town of Mapimí had a population of 5,623.[2] The Ojuela Mine, about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) southeast of Mapimí, is a famous locality for mineral specimens, especially adamite.[3]

Mapimí

Santiago de Mapimí
Mapimí Panorama.jpg
Mapimí is located in Mexico
Mapimí
Mapimí
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 25°49′59″N 103°50′52″W / 25.83306°N 103.84778°W / 25.83306; -103.84778Coordinates: 25°49′59″N 103°50′52″W / 25.83306°N 103.84778°W / 25.83306; -103.84778
Country Mexico
StateDurango
MunicipalityMapimí
Settled25 July 1598
Elevation
1,305 m (4,280 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total5,623
Postal code
35200
Area code(s)872
DemonymMapimiense
Websitewww.mapimi.gob.mx

HistoryEdit

When the Spanish first arrived in the Mapimí area in the late 16th century, nomadic and semi-nomadic Native Americans (Indians) such as the Tepehuan, Tobosos, and Cocoyones were the inhabitants.[4] Mapimi was founded in July 25, 1598 by Agustin de Espinoza, a Jesuit priest, and Captain Antón de Zapata, a soldier. The settlement was named Santiago de Mapimí. The name derives from the Cocoyones who called the area "Mapeme," meaning "high mountain." As with most early settlements in northern Mexico, the abundant minerals in the area were the attraction for settlers.[1]

The Toboso and other Indian groups began raiding in the Mapimí area and participated in wars against Spanish settlements in 1644, 1667, and 1684. Most of the Indians were absorbed into the Spanish population in the 18th century.[4]:4-24

GeographyEdit

 
The Sierra de Mapimí, also called the Sierra de la India.

Mapimí is located in the Bolsón de Mapimí, a large area of desert and mountains in interior northern Mexico. The Bolsón has an endorheic or internal drainage system, meaning that no rivers leave the basin to flow to the sea, but terminate, often in shallow lakes, in low-lying areas. The Mapimí Mountains (Sierra de Mapimí) rise from the southern edge of the town of Mapimí, reaching a maximum elevation of 2,479 metres (8,133 ft), 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi) southeast of the town. The Ojuela mine and the Ojuela Bridge, a high and long suspension bridge are located 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) distant on the eastern slopes of the mountains. The Mapimí Silent Zone is 100 kilometres (62 mi) north in the Mapimí Biosphere Reserve.

ClimateEdit

The town features a desert climate (in the Köppen climate classification BWh), with hot summers and mild winters. Nearly all the annual precipitation is received from the months of May to October.

Climate data for Mamipí, Durango, weather station. Elevation: 1,305 metres (4,281 ft)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20.8
(69.4)
23.2
(73.8)
26.7
(80.1)
31.0
(87.8)
33.6
(92.5)
34.3
(93.7)
33.6
(92.5)
32.9
(91.2)
30.6
(87.1)
27.8
(82.0)
24.5
(76.1)
21.2
(70.2)
28.4
(83.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
14.0
(57.2)
17.1
(62.8)
20.8
(69.4)
23.7
(74.7)
24.7
(76.5)
24.6
(76.3)
24.3
(75.7)
22.5
(72.5)
19.3
(66.7)
15.7
(60.3)
12.5
(54.5)
19.3
(66.7)
Average low °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
4.8
(40.6)
7.5
(45.5)
10.6
(51.1)
13.8
(56.8)
15.0
(59.0)
15.6
(60.1)
15.7
(60.3)
14.3
(57.7)
10.8
(51.4)
6.9
(44.4)
3.8
(38.8)
10.2
(50.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8
(0.3)
3
(0.1)
2
(0.1)
5
(0.2)
16
(0.6)
49
(1.9)
57
(2.2)
74
(2.9)
66
(2.6)
19
(0.7)
6
(0.2)
7
(0.3)
312
(12.3)
Source: Weatherbase: Mapimí, Durango[5]
 
The Ojuela Bridge.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Mapimí". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 10 November 2008.
  2. ^ "Mapimí". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  3. ^ Ojuela Mine, Mapimí, Durango
  4. ^ a b Griffen, William B. (1969), Culture Change and Shifting Populations in Central Northern Mexico, Tucson: University of Arizona Press, pp 75-76.
  5. ^ https://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=910045&cityname=Mapimi%2C+Durango%2C+Mexico, accessed 10 December 2018

External linksEdit

 
A classic specimen of Mapimi adamite, formerly on display at the University of Arizona Mineral Museum. Size: 8.5 x 6.25 x 4.5 cm.