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National flagEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  July 2, 1976 – present State flag and civil ensign. A large yellow star centered on a red field (2:3).

Royal standardsEdit

Flag Duration Use Name/Description
  1778–1793 Flag of Tây Sơn dynasty (Thái Đức) Red field with yellow border.
  1788–1802 Flag of emperors Quang Trung and Quang Toản Quang Trung Đế kỳ[3][4] (光中帝旗) or Quang Trung Emperor Standard. Influences:  
  1802–1885 Flag of emperors Gia Long and Tự Đức. This was originally the personal banner of Emperor Gia Long (r. 1802–1820). It was used as a national flag beginning in 1863. The Long tinh kỳ or Dragon Star Flag.[3] Influences: Yellow is the color of an emperor. ["Emperor" is hoàng đế (). Hoàng () is Sino-Vietnamese for "yellow".] The color red is connected to "south".
  1885–1890 Flag of emperor Đồng Khánh Đại Nam Kỳ[3] (National Flag of the Great South). Đại Nam (, great south) was the official name of Vietnam at this time.
  1890–1920 Flag of emperors Thành Thái, Duy Tân and Khải Định Dragon Star Flag.[5]
  1920–1945 Flag of emperors Khải Định and Bảo Đại A yellow field with a single red stripe. Referred to as the Long tinh or Dragon Star Flag.[3] Influences:  
  May 8 – August 30, 1945 Flag of emperor Bảo Đại A yellow field with a single red stripe. Referred to as the Long tinh or Dragon Spirit Emperor Flag.[3] Influences:  .

Personal standards of emperorsEdit

Flag Duration Use Name/Description
  1788–1802 Standards of emperor Quang Trung Quang Trung Đế kỳ[3][4] (光中帝旗) or Quang Trung Emperor Standard. Influences:  
  1821–1922 Standard of emperor Nguyễn Thánh Tổ Yellow field with gold border.
  1922–1945 Personal standard of emperors Khải Định and Bảo Đại Flag ratio: 2:3.
  1802–1945 Imperial pennon of Nguyễn dynasty Flag ratio: 1:2.
 
  1948–1955 Personal standard of State Chief Bảo Đại Flag ratio: 2:3. Influences:  

Presidential standardsEdit

Flag Duration Use Name/Description
  1955–1963 Presidential Standard of the First Vietnamese Republic Tiết trực tâm hư[6] (2:3).

Political flagsEdit

Military flagsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1955–present Flag of Vietnam People's Army A yellow star centered on a red field, and yellow words "Quyết thắng" (determined to win) in the upper left (2:3).
  1958–present Flag of Vietnam Border Defense Force A yellow star centered on a red field (2:3).
  1958–present Flag of Vietnam Information and Communications Force A yellow star centered on a red field (2:3).
  1959–present Flag of the Vietnam People's Air Force A yellow star centered on a red field (2:3).
  2014–present Ensign of the Vietnam People's Navy A white flag with emblem of Vietnam People's Navy in its upper canton with a blue strip below (2:3).[7] Influences:  
  1955–1975 War flag Yellow flag with three stripes, and the emblem of (gold eagle) in the middle (3:4).
  1955–1975 Flag of the Republic of Vietnam Military Forces Flag ratio: 3:4.
  1955–1975 Flag of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam Flag ratio: 3:4.
  1952–1975 Service flag of the Republic of Vietnam Navy Flag ratio: 2:3.
  1955–1975 Flag of the Republic of Vietnam Air Force Flag ratio: 2:3.
  1968–1975 Flag of Republic of Vietnam Marine Division Flag ratio: 2:3.
  1955–1975 Flag of Republic of Vietnam National Police[8] Flag ratio: 2:3.
  1949–1955 Flag of Vietnamese National Army Yellow flag with three stripes, and the name of State of Vietnam (3:4). Influences:  
  1923 – March 9, 1945 Flag of Tirailleurs indochinois French flag canton on a yellow field (1:1). Influences:    

EnsignsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1802–1885 Ensign[2] of the Nguyễn dynasty Flag ratio is 3:5.
  1923–1945,
1945–1949
Civil and Naval Ensign of French Indochina A vertical tricolour of blue, white and red on swallow tail yellow ensign. (proportions 1:2). Influences:    
  1868–1945 Naval Ensign of Cochinchina
  1952–1975 Naval Ensign of the State of Vietnam and Republic of Vietnam Yellow field with three red stripes and an anchor in the middle (2:3). Influences:  
  1956–1975 Flag of Trần Hưng Đạo Flag ratio is 2:2.

Flags of Vietnamese subjectsEdit

ProvincesEdit

Areas with special statusEdit

Flag Duration Use Name/Description
  1868–1945 Flag of French Cochinchina[9] A yellow field with black border. Cochinchina is a precursor of South Vietnam.
  1946 Flag of the Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina A yellow field with two yellow strips and three blue strips.
N/A 1946–1948 Flag of the Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina A yellow field with two white strips and three blue strips. Influences:  
  1888–1889 Flag of the Kingdom of Sedang[10] A white cross centered on a blue field.
  1944–1953 Flag of the Tai Dón people[11][12] A large red square centered on a yellow field (2:3).
  1946–1950 Flag of the Montagnard country of South Indochina Influences:  
  1946–1950 Flag of Tai Autonomous Territory Influences:  
  1950–1955 Flag of Sip Song Chau Tai[13] A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red: One white stripe is between two blue stripes, a red star with 16 rays is in white field. Influences:  
  1947–1954 Flag of the Tay people Flag ratio: 2:3.
  1947–1954 Flag of the Muong people[11] A large white pentagram centered on a green field (2:3). Influences:  
  ? – 1975 Flag of Khmer Mountain Tribes A green field with a white star what has 16 rays charged in the left.
  1964–1965 Flag of Republic of Central Highlands and Champa Influences:    
  1965 Flag of Republic of Champa Flag ratio: 2:3.
  ? – ? Flag of Lahu Flag ratio: 3:5. Influences:  
  1969–1976 Flag of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam. A yellow star on a red and blue background. Influences:  
  1985 – ? Flag of Khmer Krom Rectangular tricolour with three equal-size horizontal bands: the upper one is blue, the middle yellow, and the lower red (3:5). Influences:  

Historical flagsEdit

Flag Duration Use Name/Description
  1702–1705 Flag of Poulo Condor[14] under the English East India Company Prior to the Acts of Union which created the Kingdom of Great Britain, the flag contained the St George's Cross in the canton representing the Kingdom of England. Influences:  
  1771–1778 Flag of Tây Sơn uprising Red field with yellow border.
N/A 1863 Flag of the Diplomatic Delegation of Annam from Red Sea to France. Yellow field with four red word "Đại-Nam khâm-sứ" (大南欽使). Influences:  
  1887–1923 Flag of French colonial empire A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red.
N/A 1917 Flag of Empire of Daihung[15] Five red round-stars centered on a yellow field.
  1923 – March 9, 1945
September 23, 1945 – 1953
The protectorate flag of Annam French flag canton on a yellow field. Influences:    
  1930–1931 Flag of the Red Guards (Nghe-Tinh Revolt) Flag ratio: 2:3. Influences:  
  1936–1945 Flag of the Enlightenment Union[16] Flag ratio: 2:3.
  March 9 – August 14, 1945 Flag of Empire of Japan and the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere Flag ratio: 7:10. Disc is shifted 1% towards the hoist (left).
  March 11 – April 17, 1945 Flag of the Empire of Vietnam A yellow field with a single red stripe.
  April 17 – May 8, 1945 Flag of the Empire of Vietnam Yellow field with gold border.
  May 8 – August 30, 1945 Flag of the Empire of Vietnam A yellow field with three red stripes. The stripes represent the Quẻ Ly, or Li trigram. Influences:  
  1945–1960 Flag of Bình Xuyên A dark red banner and a small blue banner inside, a small yellow star centered on a blue banner (2:3). Influences:  
  June 2, 1948 – April 30, 1975 Flag of the Provisional Central Government of Vietnam (1948–1949), the State of Vietnam (1949–1955) and South Vietnam (1955–1975), was designed by painter Lê Văn Đệ and adopted by Emperor Bảo Đại in 1948.[17] A yellow field with three red stripes. The stripes represent the Quẻ Càn,[3] or Qian trigram, also interpreted as representing the three regions of Vietnam (North, Central, and South). Influences:  ,  
  September 2, 1945 – February 18, 1947
October 10, 1954 – November 30, 1955
Flag of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in Northern Vietnam A red field with a large yellow star.
  November 30, 1955 – present Flag of Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1955–1976) and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1976–present) A red field with a large yellow star. Influences:    
  1929–1946 Flag of Vietnamese Revolutionary Army, used at Yên Bái mutiny[18] Two equal horizontal bands, red (top) and white (bottom). Influences:  
  1955–2014 Flag of Vietnam People's Navy A yellow star centered on a red field (2:3).
  1961–1963 Flag of Vietnamese Republican Youth Movement (Thanh Nữ Cộng Hòa) Flag ratio is 2:3.
  1961–1976 Flag of Liberation Army of South Vietnam[19] A variant of flag of Vietnam People's Army. Influences:    
  1965–1970 Flag of 4-T Union[20] A large green four-leaf clover centered on a white field.
  1968–1973 Flag of National Progressive Movement[21] Two horizontal red stripes enveloping a horizontal yellow stripe. The red arrow in the middle of the yellow stripe. Influences:  

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Becker-Khaleel, B; Schlick, K. (1995-12-01). "324 Building REC and HLV Tank Closure Plan". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ a b Marine drapeau pavillon Chine - Japon - Cochinchine - Corée litho 1858
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Picking up old royal standards in Vietnam Archived 2014-10-06 at the Wayback Machinehttp://www.kyvatlichsucand.vn
  4. ^ a b Tái hiện lễ đăng quang của vua Quang Trung tại Festival Huế Archived 2008-06-10 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Elephant tiger fight spectacle in Annamese circus on Oct 1904
  6. ^ Republic of Vietnam Presidential flag
  7. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20140117182845/http://danviet.vn/thoi-su/uy-nghiem-le-thuong-co-tren-tau-ngam-kilo-dau-tien-cua-viet-nam/2014011511363697p1c24.htm
  8. ^ Đại nhạc hội Cảm Ơn Anh kỳ 5 Đại nhạc hội Cảm Ơn Anh kỳ 6 Đại nhạc hội Cảm Ơn Anh - Người Thương Binh VNCH kỳ 6 Lễ vinh danh Quân lực Việt Nam Cộng hòa Hội ái hữu CSQG Georgia - 2009 Hội ái hữu CSQG Georgia Hội CSQG San Diego 2010
  9. ^ Cochin-China, Woven Silk Tobacco Premium Flag, 1910
  10. ^ Stamps of Sedang
  11. ^ a b Symbols of Vietnam : New discoveries
  12. ^ Flags in Vietnam
  13. ^ Tay Dam - Vietnam
  14. ^ Vietnam's flags
  15. ^ Lá quốc kỳ Việt Nam đầu tiên đã tung bay ở Thái Nguyên năm 1917
  16. ^ Phong trào Nhà Ánh Sáng của Tự Lực văn đoàn Archived 2017-01-02 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Chế độ Cộng sản Việt Nam (2013-06-04). "Tìm lại những lá cờ hoàng gia xưa ở Việt Nam". Kỷ vật lịch sử. Cuộc vận động Sưu tầm và Tuyên truyền Kỷ vật lịch sử Công an Nhân dân. Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2014-09-25. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  18. ^ 10 tháng 2 năm 2013 : 83 năm cuộc Khởi nghĩa Yên Bái bùng nổ
  19. ^ Summary about the military flags in Vietnam
  20. ^ Stamps of 4-T Union
  21. ^ National Progressive Movement