Democratic Party of Vietnam

The Democratic Party of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Đảng Dân chủ Việt Nam) was a political party in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (later only North Vietnam). It was founded on 30 July 1944 to unite petite bourgeoisie and intelligentsia in support of the Vietminh and in effect its satellite party. It was a member of the Vietnamese Fatherland Front and was represented in the Vietnamese parliament and government, its leader were Dương Đức Hiền and Nghiêm Xuân Yêm. The party (along with the other 'non-communist' party in Vietnam, the Socialist Party) was disbanded in 1988.

Democratic Party of Vietnam
Đảng Dân chủ Việt Nam
PresidentDương Đức Hiền
Secretary-GeneralNghiêm Xuân Yêm
Founded1944 (1944)
DissolvedOctober 20, 1988 (1988-10-20)
IdeologyUntil 1954:
Vietnamese nationalism
Social democracy
From 1954:
Democratic socialism
Political positionCentre-left to left-wing
National affiliationVietnamese Fatherland Front
Party flag

In 2006, a dissident organization with the same name was established. Hoàng Minh Chính, a member of the former Democratic Party, was involved in its founding.[1]



This party was established in 1944, when Vietnam was still occupied by France. In 1945, it gained independence as Democratic Republic of Vietnam. It was a member of Vietnamese Fatherland Front and fought against France in a war for independence. During 1955–1988, it was one of only three parties that were allowed to operate in North Vietnam and then the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. It dissolved in 1988.



Its ideologies included social democracy, socialism and Marxism–Leninism. Nationalism was also one of DPV's ideologies. Its position ranges from centre-left to left-wing.


  1. ^ "Sơ lược Lịch sử & Lãnh đạo Đảng". Đảng Dân chủ Việt Nam.
  • Länder der Erde. Politisch-ökonomisches Handbuch. Berlin [Ost], 1971.