Tân Việt Revolutionary Party

The New Vietnam Revolutionary Party or Revolutionary Party of the New Vietnam (Vietnamese: Tân-Việt Kách-mệnh Đảng) 1925–1930, was a non-communist revolutionary party in Vietnam's early independence movement founded by Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai.

History edit

During the 1920s openly democratic patriotic movement in the French Indochina, on July 14, 1925, a number of students from Indochina Pedagogical College and a number of former political prisoners in Annam established Hội Phục Việt (Vietnamese Restoration Association).[1][2][3][4]

After being exposed after spreading leaflets asking the French authorities to release patriot Phan Bội Châu (November 1925). Hội Phục Việt changed its name several times and eventually changed to Tân Việt Revolutionary Party (July 1928).[5]

Tân Việt Revolutionary Party gathered young intellectuals and patriotic petty bourgeois youth, operating mainly in Annam.[6] Born and operating while the Vietnamese Revolutionary Youth League was thriving, the theories of Marxism–Leninism had a great influence, Tân Việt Revolutionary Party attracted a lot of patriotic young people to participate.[7]

During its operation, the party split into two left-wing and right-wing tendencies. In the end, the leftist tendency to embrace communism prevailed. Some members were transferred to study at the Revolutionary Youth League (founded in November 1925, led by Hồ Chí Minh), actively preparing for the establishment of a new party following the path of the Communist Party of Vietnam.[8]

In 1929 it became communist and reformed as the Indochinese Communist League (Đông Dương Cộng sản Liên đoàn) which was one of the three communist groups of 1929-1930 which formed the base of the Vietnamese Communist Party.[9]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Từ điển tri thức lịch sử phổ thông thế kỷ XX - Ngọc Liên Phan, Hội giáo dục lịch sử (Vietnam), Trường đại học sư phạm Hà Nội. Khoa lịch sử - 2003 Page 787 "Năm 1922, tốt nghiệp hàng Thành chung, được điểu vể dạy tại trường Tiểu học Vinh (Nghệ An). Nàm 1925, Trần Phú tham gia thành lập Hội Phục Việt rổi gia nhập Việt Nam Cách mạng Ðảng (Sau đổi thành Tân Việt), có lúc ông sang -Lào ..."
  2. ^ Hy V. Luong Tradition, Revolution, and Market Economy in a North Vietnamese ... 2010 -- Page 87 "Formed in 1925 and unable to transcend either an elitist network or regional ties, the New Vietnam Revolutionary Party (Tân Việt) recruited most actively among students and the low-ranking civil servants in northern central Annam."
  3. ^ The National Council directs the compilation of the Vietnamese encyclopedia. Vietnam Encyclopedia, vol. 2. Encyclopedia Publishing House, 2002. pp. 385
  4. ^ History of Vietnamese thought. Thuận Hóa Publishing House, 2007. pp. 163
  5. ^ Ninh Lương. A simplified Vietnamese history: a reference book. National Political Publishing House, 2005. pp. 416
  6. ^ Sử, Thư Viện Lịch. "Thư Viện Lịch Sử". thuvienlichsu.com (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2021-09-28.
  7. ^ "II-Tân cách mạng đảng(7/1928) - Lịch sử Việt Nam trong những năm 1919-1930". sites.google.com. Retrieved 2021-09-28.
  8. ^ "Bảo tàng Lịch sử Quốc gia". Bảo tàng Lịch sử Quốc gia. Retrieved 2021-09-28.
  9. ^ Keat Gin Ooi Southeast Asia: A Historical Encyclopedia, from Angkor Wat to East ... 2004 Volume 1 - Page 649 "Tân Việt Cách mệnh Đảng (Revolutionary Party of the New Vietnam)... Sometime toward the end of 1929, the Tân Việt party apparently also decided to become communist and to change the name of the organization to the Indochinese Communist League (Đông Dương Cộng sản Liên đoàn). The factionalism of ..."
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