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List of earthquakes in Albania

This is an incomplete list of earthquakes in Albania.

Date Area affected Mw Depth (km) MMI Notes Casualties
Dead Injured
July 1267 City of Durrës The earthquake lasted for quite some time until nothing was left standing. Everything within the city had collapsed and engulfed the inhabitants, with the sole exception of the acropolis which stood fast and survived the quake.[1] - -
14 July 1273[2] City of Durrës In 14 July 1273, Durrës and its surroundings were hit by a powerful earthquake. The shifts continued for several days. There were many killed, while the living ones abandoned the ruines.[3][4] Many -
12 October 1851 Vlorë IX 200 casualties were reported. Felt (intensity III-IV) as far away as Naples[5] 200 -
17 October 1851 Berat IX 400 soldiers were buried under the partially collapsed town fortress[5] 400+ -
July - August 1855[2] Shkodër County I - VIII Destruction of Bushat, Juban, Kozmac and Vau Dejes villages; Damage in Shkodra, Karme, Dushan, Toplane, Bruc; Land cracking. The earthquake triggered the opening of large cracks in the ground.[4] - -
14 June 1893 Himara IX All buildings near the epicentre were destroyed[5] - -
1 June 1905[5] Shkodër 6.6 IX Major damage in the town of Shkodër and the surrounding area. In some areas, all houses were destroyed.[5] 200 500
18 February 1911[5] Korçë County - North Macedonia, Lake Ohrid 6.7 IX Many people died and there was serious damage in the region around Lake Ohrid.[5] Many
22 December 1919[2] Leskovik - Greece, Konicë 6.1 VIII Many houses collapsed and all others in town Leskovik were heavily damaged; Greek villages Isboros, Plavoli, Belthonsi and Kapaztiko in Konitsa region completely destroyed; Data for Kolonja district in Albania scarce; Serious damage was deduced for village Barmash and slight in village Qafzeze; Landsliding in Leskovik area.[4] - -
26 November 1920[6] Gjirokastër County, Tepelenë 6.2 25.0 XI 200 people were killed and many homes were destroyed, leaving 15,000 persons homeless.[7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] 200 -
21 November 1930[14][15] Vlore County 6.0 35.0 XI 35 people died and a further 108 were injured. 980 homes were destroyed. 35 108
2 December 1930[16] Vlore County 5.0 4.0 IX 25 people were killed and some damage was caused. 25
27 August 1942 Diber County 6.0 33.0 A magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck Diber County, Albania on August 27 at a depth of 33.0 km. Forty-three deaths were caused as well 110 injuries. Many homes collapsed.[17] 43 110
27 August 1948[2] Shkodër County 5.5 VIII 5.5 magnitude earthquake in Shkodër County with serious damage to the Buna river bed and to the city of Shkodër. The greatest damage was recorded in Trush, with 1 dead and 27 injured. Damage to objects was also verified in Oblike and Barbullush.[4] 1 27
1 September 1959[18] Fier 6.2 20.0 X Two people died and significant damage was caused near the epicenter.[19] 2 -
26 May 1960[5] Korçë 6.4 VIII-IX All the houses in Korçë suffered some level of damage and 103 collapsed.[5] 7 127
18 March 1962[5] Fier 6.0 VIII Five people were killed and 1,000 houses collapsed.[5] 5 77
30 November 1967[20] Dibër 6.7 20.0 X Major damage was caused, with a cost of 20,000 $Mill. Eighteen people lost their lives.[21] 18 -
15 April 1979[22] Montenegro, Bar - Shkodër, Lezhë 6.9 10.0 X Many cities in Montenegro and in northern Albania were destroyed. 136 people died (101 in Montenegro & 35 in Albania) and more than 1000 others were injured.[23] 136 (101+35) 1,000+
16 November 1982 Fier County 5.6 21.9 VIII The magnitude 5.6 earthquake was 31 miles of Tirana near the Adriatic coast. One person was killed and 12 people were injured and extensive damage was in the Fier, Berat and Lushnje districts (MM VIII). The quake was also felt in southern Yugoslavia. 1 12
9 January 1988 [24] Tirana County 5.9 24.0 VII This earthquake hit the Municipality of Kavaja in Tirana County and the surrounding villages of Petrela and Arbana; Damage relatively slight; Very high acceleration of 404.8 cm/s2 recorded on the instrument installed in the causative fault zone. - -
24 May 2017[25] Dibër, 8 km north northwest of Bulqizë 4.5 10.0 IV In Mat municipality, 7 homes and a health center suffered cracked walls, and 3 schools in Bulqiza municipality suffered minor damage.[26] - -
11 August 2018[27] Dibër, 10 km east of Burrel 5.1 10.0 V 67 houses were damaged in Dibër County.[28] - -
1 June 2019[29] Korçë, 13 km south southwest of Korçë 5.2 10.0 V More than 100 houses were damaged and 5 people were injured when a house collapsed in Korçë.[30][31] - 5
21 September 2019[32] Durrës, 3 km west southwest of Shijak 5.6 10.0 VIII At least 108 people were injured and more than 120 buildings were damaged in the country's strongest earthquake in 30 years.[33] - 108
26 November 2019 Durrës, 16 km west northwest of Mamurras 6.4 20.0 VIII Widespread damage was caused in Durrës County, where many buildings collapsed and others were badly damaged, trapping people under the rubble. 51 people died, including a man died after jumping from a window in panic. Around 2,000 people were wounded.[34][35] 51 2,000

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Georgii Pachymeris: Relationes historicae, Bonn (1835), V. 7, p. 456-461. Translated by Robert Elsie. First published in R. Elsie: Early Albania, a Reader of Historical Texts, 11th - 17th Centuries, Wiesbaden 2003, p. 12-13.
  2. ^ a b c d "10 tërmetet më të fuqishme në historinë e Shqipërisë". shqiptarja.com (in Albanian). Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  3. ^ "14 July 1273, Durrës was hit by a powerful apocalyptic earthquake". www.qkmsh.al. July 14, 2019. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "Quali sono stati i terremoti più potenti che hanno colpito l'Albania?" (in Italian). www.albanianews.it. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Aliaj, S.; Koçiu, S.; Muço, B.; Sulstarova, E. (2010). "Seismicity, Seismotectonics and Seismic Hazard in Albania" (PDF). pp. 5–8.
  6. ^ "Significant Earthquake". www.ngdc.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2019-11-26.
  7. ^ Qendro, Th. (26 June 2019). "Tërmeti shkatërrimtar i vitit 1926 në Durrës (Rrevista "Diturija", 1 frur (shkurt) 1927, nr. 4.)" (in Albanian). durrëslajm.al. Archived from the original on 27 June 2019. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  8. ^ Karnik, V. (1969) Seismicity of the European Area, Part 1, D. Riedel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, Holland, 1969. 364 p.
  9. ^ Montandon, Frederic (1953) Les Tremblements de Terre Destructeurs en Europe, a L'Union Internationale de Secours, Geneva, Switzerland, 195 p.
  10. ^ "Death toll in Albania earthquake rises to 35". Business-Standard. Chennai/Hyderabad. 28 November 2019. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  11. ^ Mihailovic, D.J. (1951) Catalogue des Tremblements de Terre Epiro-Albanais, Archive de L'Institut Seismologique de Beograd, Zagreb, Yugoslavia.
  12. ^ Utsu, T. A List of Deadly Earthquakes in the World (1500-2000), Chapter 42 of "International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, Volume 1" edited by W. H. K. Lee, H. Kanamori, P. C. Jennings, and C. Kisslinger, IASPEI, to be published by Academic Press in 2002.
  13. ^ https://iisee.kenken.go.jp/net/hara/albania.htm
  14. ^ "On-Line Bulletin". International Seismological Centre. November 21, 1930. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
  15. ^ "Significant Earthquake: ALBANIA: VLORE, HIMARE, KUC". National Geophysical Data Center. November 21, 1930. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
  16. ^ "Significant Earthquake: ALBANIA: VLORE, TEPELENE". National Geophysical Data Center. December 2, 1930. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
  17. ^ "Significant Earthquake ALBANIA: PESHKOPIA, MAGELLARE". National Geophysical Data Center. August 27, 1942. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
  18. ^ "6.2 magnitude earthquake near Lushnjë, Fier, Albania and Sofia, Sofia-Capital, Bulgaria : September 01, 1959 11:37". earthquaketrack.com. Retrieved 2019-11-26.
  19. ^ "Significant Earthquake". www.ngdc.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2019-11-26.
  20. ^ "M 6.7 - Albania". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2019-11-26.
  21. ^ "Significant Earthquake". www.ngdc.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2019-11-26.
  22. ^ "M 6.9 - Montenegro". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2019-11-26.
  23. ^ "Zemljotres od 15. aprila 1979. godine" (in Montenegrin). Seismological Observatory of Montenegro (Seizmološki Zavod Crne Gore). 2010-04-16. Archived from the original on 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
  24. ^ "5.9 magnitude earthquake 9 km from Kavajë, Tiranë, Albania (Saturday, January 09, 1988 01:02 AM)". earthquaketrack.com. Retrieved 2019-11-28.
  25. ^ "M 4.5 - 8km NNW of Bulqize, Albania". United States Geological Survey. May 24, 2017. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  26. ^ "Swarm of earthquakes reminds residents of seismic risks". Tirana Times. May 26, 2017. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
  27. ^ "M 5.1 - 10km E of Burrel, Albania". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
  28. ^ "Damaging earthquake in Albania (Tirana region) - August 11, 2018". Earthquake-Report.com. 2018-08-11. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
  29. ^ "M 5.2 - 13km SSW of Korce, Albania". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2019-06-01.
  30. ^ "Quakes in Albania damage some homes, 5 reported injured". ABS-CBN. Retrieved 2019-06-01.
  31. ^ "Earthquake Rattles Albania, Injuring 4, Damaging Dozens of Homes". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2019-06-01.
  32. ^ "M 5.6 - 3km WSW of Shijak, Albania". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
  33. ^ "108 injured as earthquakes rattle Albanian capital and coast". english.republika.mk. Retrieved 2019-09-22.
  34. ^ "51 viktima nga tërmeti/ Vdes në spitalin e Traumës 20-vjeçarja, i ra një tullë në kokë duke dalë nga shtëpia në Kombinat - Shqiptarja.com". shqiptarja.com (in Albanian). Retrieved 2019-11-30.
  35. ^ "No. of Injured from Earthquake Rises to 900". Albanian Daily News. Retrieved 2019-11-29.