Shkodër County

Shkodër County (Albanian pronunciation: [ʃkɔːdəɾ]; Albanian: Qarku i Shkodrës) is a county in northwestern Albania, with the capital in Shkodër. The county spans 3,562 square kilometres (1,375 sq mi) and had a total population of 200,007 people as of 2020. The county borders on the counties of Lezhë, Kukës and the country of Montenegro. The county consists of five municipalities, including Fushë-Arrëz, Malësi e Madhe, Pukë, Shkodër and Vau i Dejës.[1]

County of Shkodër

Qarku i Shkodrës
Stema e Qarkut Shkodër.svg
Seal
Map of the Republic of Albania with Shkodër highlighted
Map of the Republic of Albania with Shkodër highlighted
Coordinates: 42°6′N 19°37′E / 42.100°N 19.617°E / 42.100; 19.617
CountryAlbania
RegionNorthern Albania
Municipalities
Units33
CapitalShkodër
Government
 • TypeCouncil
 • ChairmanHilmi Lakti (PS)
Area
 • Total3,562 km2 (1,375 sq mi)
Area rank2nd
Population
 (2020)
 • Total200,007
 • Rank6th
 • Density56/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
NUTS CodeAL015
HDI (2018)0.780
high · 6th
Websiteqarkushkoder.gov.al

During the Bronze Age, the area was inhabited by various Illyrian tribes such as the Ardiaeis and Labeataes. Illyria was annexed by Rome in the second century BC, becoming an integral part of the Roman Empire and its successor the Byzantine Empire. Falling under Venetian and Ottoman dominion in the late Middle Ages, the modern nation state of Albania emerged in 1912 following its independence.

The climate of the county is profoundly affected by the Adriatic Sea in the west and the Albanian Alps in the north.[2] It experiences mostly mediterranean climate, while the north enjoys continental climate. The summers are predominantly hot and dry, the winters relatively mild, and falls and springs mainly unstable, both in terms of precipitation and temperatures.[2] Heavy rainfall is extremely common in the county and has caused many floodings of the rivers and lakes.[2]

The county features notable diversity with the landscape ranging from the snow-capped Albanian Alps in the north to the warm regions of Shkodra Lake and Adriatic Sea in the south and southwest. Being a geological continuation of the Dinaric Alps, the Albanian Alps are the highest section and one of the most rugged mountains in Europe. While the Alps occupy the northern part of the territory, the population is concentrated mostly on the Mbishkodra plain, where the largest city is to be found, the cultural and economic centre of Shkodër. The mountainous areas of the county is sparsely populated, where the population density falls. The largest lake of Southern and Southeastern Europe, the Lake Shkodër sprawls in the east and is shared with Montenegro.

With more than 215,000 inhabitants in 2016, the county is the sixth most populous county in Albania, the second most populous county in the Northern Region. The county is ethnically a homogeneous county and mostly inhabited by Gheg Albanians. In addition, Egyptians, Montenegrins and Greeks also are present in the ethnic composition of the local population. The country has no official religion and freedom of religion is a right defined by the Constitution of Albania, and the most widely professed religion in the county is Islam and Christianity.

GeographyEdit

 
A panoramic view over the Lake Shkodër and the Albanian Alps in the distance.

Shkodër is one of 12 counties of Albania, located in the west of the Northern Region. It lies between latitudes 42° N, and longitudes 20° E. The county area is 3,562 km2 (1,375 sq mi) and the second largest county by area in Albania and the largest in the Northern Region. It is limited to the counties of Kukës to the northeast and east, Lezhë to the southeast and south, the country of Montenegro in the north and the Adriatic Sea in the southwest.

The county has a wide variety of topographical sets and natural landscapes. The Albanian Alps, which extends in the north of the county toward Montenegro, is a primarily mountainous region with a high terrain. The alps delineated several sedimentary basins such as the Mbishkodra basin in the center. The highest point in the county is Maja Jezercë at 2,694 m (8,839 ft) above the Adriatic in the northeast shared with Kukës County. The lowest spot is 0 m (0 ft) above the Adriatic, located in the southwest of the county.

 
The eastern section of the Radohima mountain massif inside the Albanian Alps.

Due to the considerable variation in altitude, it makes for a wide range of climate types. The Adriatic Sea in the west and Albanian Alps in the north have a great influence to the climate of the county. Most of the county has a usually rainy and hot mediterranean climate as defined by the Köppen climate classification. Mean monthly temperature ranges between −2 °C (28 °F) in January and 25 °C (77 °F) in August.[2][3] The mean annual precipitation ranges between 1,800 millimetres (71 inches) and 300 millimetres (12 inches) depending on longitude and latitude and prevailing climate type.[2]

Protected areasEdit

Phytogeographically, the county falls within the Dinaric Mountains mixed forests and Illyrian deciduous forests terrestrial ecoregions of the Palearctic Temperate broadleaf and mixed forest and Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub. Inside the county, there are a national park, a nature park and a protected landscape, which include the Theth National Park, Nikaj-Mërtur Regional Nature Park and the Buna River-Velipoja Protected Landscape. The northern bound of the county forms a part of the European Green Belt, which serves as a retreat for endangered mammal and plant species.

DemographyEdit

Population growth of the county of Shkodër in selected periods
Year 2001 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 2020
Pop.255,898252,699243,246229,140216,477204,994200,007
±% p.a.—    −1.25%−0.95%−1.48%−1.41%−1.35%−1.22%
Source: [4]

The county of Shkodër is the 6th most populous county in the Republic of Albania. The Institute of Statistics (INSTAT) estimated the population at 202,895 in 2019.[5] As of the 2011 census, in terms of ethnicity, the county was 91.65% Albanian, 0.32% Egyptian, 0.18% Romani, 0.13% Montenegrin and 0.02% Greek.[6] By language, 99.77% people spoke Albanian as a first language. Other spoken languages were Italian (0.04%), Serbo-Croatian (0.03%), Turkish (0.02%) and Greek (0.01%).[6]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Law nr. 115/2014" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-09-24.
  2. ^ a b c d e "VLERËSIMI STRATEGJIK MJEDISOR P.P.V. BASHKIA SHKODËR" (PDF). bashkiashkoder.gov.al (in Albanian). Shkodër. pp. 59–64.
  3. ^ "PLANI OPERACIONAL i Zhvillimit Vendor Bashkia Pukë" (PDF). al.undp.org (in Albanian). Pukë. p. 9.
  4. ^ "Popullsia në 1 Janar sipas qarqeve dhe gjinisë 2001 - 2020" (in Albanian). Instituti i Statistikës (INSTAT). Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Popullsia e Shqipërisë (1 Janar 2019)" (PDF) (in Albanian). Instituti i Statistikës (INSTAT). p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 July 2020. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Censusi i popullsisë dhe banesave/ Population and Housing Census–Shkodër (2011)" (PDF) (in Albanian). Instituti i Statistikës (INSTAT). pp. 39–40. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 July 2020. Retrieved 23 July 2020.