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List of countries by traffic-related death rate

Death rates from road traffic accidents by country, per 100,000 inhabitants, world map (WHO 2013).[1][nb 1]
  fewer than 5
  5-10
  10-15
  15-20
  20-25
  25-30
  30-35
  35-40
  more than 40

This list of countries by traffic-related death rate shows the annual number of road fatalities per capita per year, per number of motor vehicles, and per vehicle-km in some countries in the year the data was collected.

According to the World Health Organization, road traffic injuries caused an estimated 1.35 million deaths worldwide in the year 2016.[2]

That is, one person is killed every 25 seconds. Only 28 countries, representing 449 million people (seven percent of the world's population), have adequate laws that address all five risk factors (speed, drunk driving, helmets, seat-belts and child restraints). Over a third of road traffic deaths in low- and middle-income countries are among pedestrians and cyclists. However, less than 35 percent of low- and middle-income countries have policies in place to protect these road users.[3] The average rate was 17.4 per 100,000 people. Low-income countries now have the highest annual road traffic fatality rates, at 24.1 per 100,000, while the rate in high-income countries is lowest, at 9.2 per 100,000.[3]

Seventy-four percent of road traffic deaths occur in middle-income countries, which account for only 53 percent of the world's registered vehicles. In low-income countries it is even worse. Only one percent of the world's registered cars produce 16 percent of world's road traffic deaths. This indicates that these countries bear a disproportionately high burden of road traffic deaths relative to their level of motorization.[3]

There are large disparities in road traffic death rates between regions. The risk of dying as a result of a road traffic injury is highest in the African Region (26.6 per 100 000 population), and lowest in the European Region (9.3 per 100 000).[3]

Half of the world's road traffic deaths occur among motorcyclists (23 percent), pedestrians (22 percent) and cyclists (5 percent) – i.e., "vulnerable road users" – with 31 percent of deaths among car occupants and the remaining 19 percent among unspecified road users.[4]

Adults aged between 15 and 44 years account for 59 percent of global road traffic deaths. Seventy-seven percent of road deaths are males.[4]

The total fatalities figures comes from the WHO report (table A2, column point estimate, pp. 264–271) and are often an adjusted number of road traffic fatalities in order to reflect the different reporting and counting methods among the many countries (e.g., "a death after how many days since accident event is still counted as a road fatality?" (by international standard adjusted to a 30-day period), or "to compensate for under-reporting in some countries".[3][5]:62-74

ListEdit

The table shows that the highest death tolls tend to be in African countries, and the lowest in European countries. The table first lists geographic regions before alphabetically sorted countries.

Country Continent Road fatalities
per 100,000
inhabitants
per year[5][2]
Road fatalities
per 100,000
motor vehicles[5][2]
Road fatalities
per 1 billion
vehicle-km[6]
Total fatalities
latest year
(adjusted/estimated
figures by WHO report)
[5][2]
Year, data source
(standard source:
The WHO report 2015,[3]
data from 2013
The WHO report 2018,[2]
data from 2016
)
World 18.2 1,350,000 2016
Africa 26.6 574[7] 246,719[7] 2016
Eastern Mediterranean 18.0 139[7] 122,730[7] 2016
Western Pacific 16.9 69[7] 328,591[7] 2016
South-east Asia 20.7 101[7] 316,080[7] 2016
Americas 15.6 33[7] 153,789[7] 2016
Europe 9.3 19[7] 84,589[7] 2016
  Afghanistan Asia 15.5 722.4 4,734 2013
  Albania Europe 15.1 107.2 478 2013
  Algeria Africa 23.8 127.8 9,337 2013
  Andorra Europe 7.6 7.9 6 2013
  Angola Africa 26.9 992 5,769 2013
  Antigua & Barbuda 6.7 20 6 2013
  Argentina South America 13.6 24.3 5,619 2013
  Armenia Europe 18.3 18.2 546 2013
  Australia Oceania 5.6 7.4 5.2 1,351 2016
  Austria Europe 5.2 6.1 5.1 452 2016
  Azerbaijan 10.0 83 943 2013
  Bahamas North America 13.8 36 52 2013
  Bahrain Asia 5.2 14.3 78 2017[nb 2][8]
  Bangladesh Asia 13.6 1020.6 21,316 2013
  Barbados North America 6.7 16.9 19 2013
  Belarus Europe 13.7 32.9 1,282 2013
  Belgium Europe 5.8 9 7.3 657 2016
  Belize North America 24.4 26 81 2013
  Benin Africa 27.5 635.6 2,986 2016
  Bhutan Asia 15.1 167.2 114 2013
  Bolivia South America 23.2 205.2 3,476 2013
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe 17.7 76.7 676 2013
  Botswana Africa 23.6 91.6 477 2013
  Brazil South America 23.4 57.5 46,935 2013
  Bulgaria Europe 8.3 17.2 601 2013
  Burkina Faso Africa 30.0 328.1 5,072 2013
  Cambodia Asia 17.4 107.2 2,635 2013
  Cameroon Africa 27.6 1385.1 6,136 2013
  Canada North America 5.8 8.9 5.1 2,118 2016
  Cape Verde Africa 26.1 229 130 2013
  Central African Republic Africa 33.6 4484.4 1,546 2016
  Chad Africa 24.1 497 3,089 2013
  Chile South America 12.4 51.1 2,179 2013
  China Asia 18.8 104.5 261,367 2013
  Colombia South America 16.8 83.3 8,107 2013
  Congo Africa 26.4 1063 1,174 2013
  Cook Islands Oceania 24.2 40.2 5 2013
  Costa Rica North America 13.9 38.4 676 2013
  Croatia Europe 9.2 21.1 395 2013
  Cuba North America 7.5 133.7 840 2013
  Cyprus Asia 5.2 9.2 59 2013
  Czech Republic Europe 5.9 8.6 11.5 630 2016
  Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 33.7 26,529 2016
  Denmark Europe 4.0 7.2 3.9 227 2016
  Djibouti Africa 24.7 n/a 216 2013
  Dominica North America 15.3 44.7 11 2013
  Dominican Republic North America 29.3 94.9 3,052 2013
  Ecuador South America 20.1 183.8 3,164 2013
  Egypt Africa 12.8 148.7 10,466 2013
  El Salvador North America 21.1 163.7 1,339 2013
  Eritrea Africa 24.1 2171.5 1,527 2013
  Estonia Europe 7.0 11.8 90 2013
  Ethiopia Africa 26.7 385.7 27,326 2016
  Fiji Oceania 5.8 58.9 51 2013
  Finland Europe 4.7 5 5.1 260 2016
  France Europe 5.5 8.4 5.8 3,585 2016
  Gabon Africa 22.9 196.4 383 2013
  Gambia Africa 29.4 998.7 544 2013
  Georgia 11.8 54 514 2013
  Germany Europe 4.1 6.4 4.2 3,327 2016
  Ghana Africa 26.2 443.1 6,789 2013
  Greece Europe 9.2 12.8 1,026 2016
  Guatemala North America 19.0 114.7 2,939 2013
  Guinea Africa 28.2 1343.7 3,490 2016
  Guinea-Bissau Africa 27.5 751.9 468 2013
  Guyana South America 17.3 864.4 138 2013
  Honduras North America 17.4 1021.7 1,408 2013
  Hungary Europe 7.7 20.7 765 2013
  Iceland Europe 6.6 7.6 4.9 22 2016
  India Asia 16.6 130.1 158,562 2013
  Indonesia Asia 15.3 36.7 38,279 2013
  Iran Asia 20.5 54.1 16,426 2016
  Iraq Asia 20.2 151.2 6,826 2013
  Ireland Europe 4.1 7.5 3.8 194 2016
  Israel Asia 4.2 10.7 5.9 345 2016
  Italy Europe 5.6 6.3 3,333 2016
  Ivory Coast Africa 24.2 828.9 4,924 2013
  Jamaica North America 11.5 61.7 320 2013
  Japan Asia 4.1 5.7 6.4 5,224 2016
  Jordan Asia 26.3 151.4 1,913 2013
  Kazakhstan 24.2 101.4 3,983 2013
  Kenya Africa 29.1 640.7 12,891 2013
  Kiribati Oceania 2.9 86.9 3 2013
  Kuwait Asia 18.7 34.2 629 2013
  Kyrgyzstan Asia 22.0 127.3 1,220 2013
  Laos Asia 14.3 67.5 971 2013
  Latvia Europe 10.0 24.8 205 2013
  Lebanon Asia 22.6 64.8 1,088 2013
  Lesotho Africa 28.2 474.8 584 2013
  Liberia Africa 35.9 1,657 2016
  Libya Africa 26.1 46.3 1,645 2016
  Lithuania Europe 10.6 16.1 320 2013
  Luxembourg Europe 6.3 7.7 36 2016
  North Macedonia Europe 9.4 49.1 198 2013
  Madagascar Africa 28.4 2963 6,506 2013
  Malawi Africa 31.0 5,601 2016
  Malaysia Asia 23.6 29.8 7,108 2016
  Maldives Asia 3.5 19.5 12 2013
  Mali Africa 25.6 1352.5 3,920 2013
  Malta Europe 5.1 6.8 22 2013
  Marshall Islands Oceania 5.7 141.8 3 2013
  Mauritania Africa 24.5 228.7 952 2013
  Mauritius Africa 12.2 35.6 158 2013
  Mexico North America 12.3 43 27.5 15,062 2013
  Federated States of Micronesia Oceania 1.9 24 2 2013
  Monaco Europe 0 0 2013
  Mongolia Asia 21.0 88.4 597 2013
  Montenegro Europe 10.7 31.7 67 2016
  Morocco Africa 18.0 209 6,870 2013
  Mozambique Africa 31.6 1507 8,173 2013
  Myanmar Asia 20.3 250.8 10,809 2013
  Namibia Africa 23.9 196.4 551 2013
  Nepal Asia 17.0 399.8 4,713 2013
  Netherlands Europe 3.8 6 4.7 648 2016
  New Zealand Oceania 7.8 10 7.2 364 2016
  Nicaragua North America 15.3 164.3 931 2013
  Niger Africa 26.4 1491.1 4,706 2013
  Nigeria Africa 20.5 615.4 35,621 2013
  Norway Europe 2.7 3.9 3.0 143 2016
  Oman Asia 25.4 85.3 924 2013
  Pakistan Asia 14.2 283.9 25,781 2013
  Palau Oceania 4.8 14.1 1 2013
  Panama North America 10.0 38.4 386 2013
  Papua New Guinea Oceania 16.8 1306.5 1,232 2013
  Paraguay South America 20.7 114.7 1,408 2013
  Peru South America 13.9 99.3 4,234 2013
  Philippines Asia 10.5 135 10,379 2013
  Poland Europe 9.7 13.5 3,698 2016
  Portugal Europe 7.4 11.7 768 2016
  Qatar Asia 15.2 50.9 330 2013
  Republic of Moldova 12.5 61.8 437 2013
  Romania Europe 8.7 31.4 1,881 2013
  Russia Europe 18.0 48.1 25,969 2016
  Rwanda Africa 32.1 3521.1 3,782 2013
  Saint Lucia North America 18.1 2103.3 33 2013
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines North America 8.2 31.7 9 2013
  Samoa Oceania 15.8 171.9 30 2013
  San Marino Europe 3.2 1.8 1 2013
  São Tomé and Príncipe Africa 27.5 161.5 55 2016
  Saudi Arabia Asia 27.4 119.7 7,898 2013
  Senegal Africa 27.2 956.4 3,844 2013
  Serbia Europe 7.4 28.4 649 2016
  Seychelles Africa 8.6 43 8 2013
  Sierra Leone Africa 27.3 2414.2 1,661 2013
  Singapore Asia 3.6 20.2 197 2013
  Slovakia Europe 6.1 12.7 330 2016
  Slovenia Europe 6.4 9.5 7.0 134 2016
  Solomon Islands Oceania 19.2 240 108 2013
  Somalia Africa 25.4 6532.5 3,884 2016
  South Africa Africa 25.1 133.9 13,273 2013
  South Korea Asia 9.8 19.4 13.8 4,990 2016
  Spain Europe 4.1 5.8 1,922 2016
  Sri Lanka Asia 17.4 70.9 3,691 2013
  Sudan Africa 24.3 2872.8 9,221 2013
  Suriname South America 19.1 49.7 103 2013
  Swaziland Africa 24.2 1667.4 303 2013
  Sweden Europe 2.8 4.6 3.3 278 2016
  Switzerland Europe 2.7 3.7 3.2 223 2016
  Taiwan Asia 12.4[nb 3] 2,920[nb 3] 2016[nb 2][nb 4][nb 3][9]
  Tajikistan Asia 18.8 374.9 1,543 2013
  Tanzania Africa 32.9 1073.7 16,211 2013
  Thailand Asia 32.7 60.2 22,491 2016
  Timor-Leste Asia 16.6 295.8 188 2013
  Togo Africa 31.1 3653.4 2,123 2013
  Tonga Oceania 7.6 98.1 8 2013
  Trinidad and Tobago North America 14.1 58.9 189 2013
  Tunisia Africa 24.4 154.4 2,679 2013
  Turkey Asia 12.3 46.4 9,782 2016
  Turkmenistan Asia 22.8 107.8[nb 5] 823 2016
  Uganda Africa 27.4 836.8 10,280 2013
  Ukraine Europe 13.7 42.2 6,089 2016
  United Arab Emirates Asia 18.1 62.7 1,678 2013
  United Kingdom Europe 3.1 5.7 3.4 2,019 2016
  United States North America 12.4 14.2 7.3 39,888 2016
  Uruguay South America 13.4 19.6 460 2016
  Uzbekistan Asia 11.5 3,617 2016
  Vanuatu Oceania 16.6 300 42 2013
  Vietnam Asia 24.5 55 22,419 2013
  Yemen Asia 21.5 436.6 5,248 2013
  Zambia Africa 24.7 670.9 3,586 2013
  Zimbabwe Africa 28.2 429.8 3,985 2013

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The following groupings/assumptions were made:
    • France includes the overseas departments as well as overseas collectivities.
    • The United Kingdom includes the Crown dependencies as well as the overseas territories.
    • The United States of America includes the insular areas.
    • The Netherlands includes Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles.
    • Denmark includes Greenland and the Faroe islands.
    • China includes the SARs of Hong Kong and Macao.
  2. ^ a b Not included in WHO 2018 report!
  3. ^ a b c Non-harmonized figures!
  4. ^ Not included in WHO 2015 report!
  5. ^ Figures from 2013.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Data from World Health Organization Estimated Deaths 2015
  2. ^ a b c d e WHO, ed. (2018). Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018 (PDF) (official report). Geneva: World Health Organisation (WHO). pp. xiv–xv, 1–13, 91ff (countries), 302–313 (table A2), 392–397 (table A11). ISBN 978-92-4-156568-4. Retrieved 2019-05-05. Tables A2 & A11, data from 2016
  3. ^ a b c d e f WHO, ed. (2015). Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015 (PDF) (official report). Geneva: World Health Organisation (WHO). pp. vii, 1–14, 75ff (countries), 264–271 (table A2), 316–332 (table A10). ISBN 978 92 4 156506 6. Retrieved 2016-01-27. Tables A2 & A10, data from 2013
  4. ^ a b WHO, ed. (2013). Global Status Report on Road Safety 2013: supporting a decade of action (PDF) (official report). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation (WHO). pp. vii, 1–8, 53ff (countries), 244–251 (table A2), 296–303 (table A10). ISBN 978 92 4 156456 4. Retrieved 2014-05-30. Tables A2 & A10, data from 2010
  5. ^ a b c d WHO, ed. (2015). "WHO Report 2015: Data tables" (PDF) (official report). Geneva: World Health Organisation (WHO). Retrieved 2016-01-26.
  6. ^ OECD/ITF, ed. (18 May 2018). Road Safety Annual Report 2018 (PDF) (official report). Paris: International Transport Forum (itf). p. 21. Retrieved 2018-12-18. data from 2016
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l WHO, ed. (2015). "Deaths on the roads: Based on the WHO Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015" (PDF) (official report). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation (WHO). Retrieved 2016-01-26.
  8. ^ "Bahrain traffic fatalities lowest in GCC". Ministry of Interior, Bahrein. 11 March 2018. Retrieved 2019-05-08.
  9. ^ Sophia Yang,Taiwan News, Staff Writer (2 October 2017). "Car crashes kill 8 in Taiwan each day: minister". Taiwan News. Taipei City. Retrieved 2019-05-09.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)

External linksEdit