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List of countries by traffic-related death rate

Death rates from road traffic accidents by country, per 100,000 inhabitants, world map (WHO 2012).[1][nb 1]
Legend
  no data
  less than 5
  5-10
  10-15
  15-20
  20-25
  25-30
  30-35
  35-40
  more than 40

This list of countries by traffic-related death rate shows the annual number of road fatalities per capita per year, per number of motor vehicles, and per vehicle-km in some countries in the year the data was collected.

According to the World Health Organization, road traffic injuries caused an estimated 1.25 million deaths worldwide in the year 2010. That is, one person is killed every 25 seconds. Only 28 countries, representing 449 million people (seven percent of the world's population), have adequate laws that address all five risk factors (speed, drunk driving, helmets, seat-belts and child restraints). Over a third of road traffic deaths in low- and middle-income countries are among pedestrians and cyclists. However, less than 35 percent of low- and middle-income countries have policies in place to protect these road users.[2]

The average rate was 17.4 per 100,000 people. Low-income countries now have the highest annual road traffic fatality rates, at 24.1 per 100,000, while the rate in high-income countries is lowest, at 9.2 per 100,000.[2]

Seventy-four percent of road traffic deaths occur in middle-income countries, which account for only 53 percent of the world's registered vehicles. In low-income countries it is even worse. Only one percent of the world's registered cars produce 16 percent of world's road traffic deaths. This indicates that these countries bear a disproportionately high burden of road traffic deaths relative to their level of motorization.[2]

There are large disparities in road traffic death rates between regions. The risk of dying as a result of a road traffic injury is highest in the African Region (increasing 26.6 per 100 000 population), and lowest in the European Region (decreasing 9.3 per 100 000).[2]

Half of the world's road traffic deaths occur among motorcyclists (23 percent), pedestrians (22 percent) and cyclists (5 percent) – i.e., "vulnerable road users" – with 31 percent of deaths among car occupants and the remaining 19 percent among unspecified road users.[3]

Adults aged between 15 and 44 years account for 59 percent of global road traffic deaths. Seventy-seven percent of road deaths are males.[3]

The total fatalities figures comes from the WHO report (table A2, column point estimate, pp. 264–271) and are often an adjusted number of road traffic fatalities in order to reflect the different reporting and counting methods among the many countries (e.g., "a death after how many days since accident event is still counted as a road fatality?" (by international standard adjusted to a 30-day period), or "to compensate for under-reporting in some countries".[2][4]:62-74

Contents

ListEdit

The table shows that the highest death tolls tend to be in African countries, and the lowest in European countries. The table first lists geographic regions before alphabetically sorted countries. A comparison between left-handed and right-handed traffic cannot be done without taking into account a variety of confounding factors such as the degree of compliance with traffic regulations, the level of policing, GDP per capita, the median/mode of the age of cars and many more.

Country Road fatalities
per 100,000
inhabitants
per year[4]
Road fatalities
per 100,000
motor vehicles[4]
Road fatalities
per 1 billion
vehicle-km[5]
Total fatalities
latest year
(adjusted/estimated
figures by WHO report)
[4]
Year, data source
(standard source:
The WHO report 2015,[2]
data from 2013
)
Left/Right
traffic

 World 17.4 1,250,000
 Africa 26.6 574[6] 246,719[6]
 Eastern Mediterranean 19.9 139[6] 122,730[6]
 Western Pacific 17.3 69[6] 328,591[6]
 South-east Asia 17.0 101[6] 316,080[6]
 Americas 15.9 33[6] 153,789[6]
 Europe 9.3 19[6] 84,589[6]
  Afghanistan 15.5 722.4 n/a 4,734 2013 Right
  Albania 15.1 107.2 n/a 478 2013 Right
  Algeria 23.8 127.8 n/a 9,337 2013 Right
  Andorra 7.6 7.9 n/a 6 2013 Right
  Angola 26.9 992 n/a 5,769 2013 Right
  Antigua & Barbuda 6.7 20 n/a 6 2013 Left
  Argentina 13.6 24.3 n/a 5,619 2013 Right
  Armenia 18.3 18.2 n/a 546 2013 Right
  Australia 5.4 7.3 5.2 1,252 2013 Left
  Austria 5.4 7.1 5.8 455 2013 Right
  Azerbaijan 10.0 83 n/a 943 2013 Right
  Bahamas 13.8 36 n/a 52 2013 Left
  Bahrain 8.0 19.6 n/a 107 2013 Right
  Bangladesh 13.6 1020.6 n/a 21,316 2013 Left
  Barbados 6.7 16.9 n/a 19 2013 Left
  Belarus 13.7 32.9 n/a 1,282 2013 Right
  Belgium 6.7 10.7 7.3 746 2013 Right
  Belize 24.4 26 n/a 81 2013 Right
  Benin 27.7 8177.2 n/a 2,855 2013 Right
  Bhutan 15.1 167.2 n/a 114 2013 Left
  Bolivia 23.2 205.2 n/a 3,476 2013 Right
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.7 76.7 n/a 676 2013 Right
  Botswana 23.6 91.6 n/a 477 2013 Left
  Brazil 23.4 50.3 55.9[7] 41,059 2013 Right
  Bulgaria 8.3 17.2 n/a 601 2013 Right
  Burkina Faso 30.0 328.1 n/a 5,072 2013 Right
  Cape Verde 26.1 229 n/a 130 2013 Right
  Cambodia 17.4 107.2 n/a 2,635 2013 Right
  Cameroon 27.6 1385.1 n/a 6,136 2013 Right
  Canada 6.0 9.5 6.2 2,114 2013 Right
  Central African Republic 32.4 4336.5 n/a 1,495 2013 Right
  Chad 24.1 497 n/a 3,089 2013 Right
  Chile 12.4 51.1 n/a 2,179 2013 Right
  China 18.8 104.5 n/a 261,367 2013 Right
  Colombia 16.8 83.3 n/a 8,107 2013 Right
  Congo 26.4 1063 n/a 1,174 2013 Right
  Cook Islands 24.2 40.2 n/a 5 2013 Left
  Costa Rica 13.9 38.4 n/a 676 2013 Right
  Ivory Coast 24.2 828.9 n/a 4,924 2013 Right
  Croatia 9.2 21.1 n/a 395 2013 Right
  Cuba 7.5 133.7 n/a 840 2013 Right
  Cyprus 5.2 9.2 n/a 59 2013 Left
  Czech Republic 6.1 8.5 13.9 654 2013 Right
  Democratic Republic of the Congo 33.2 6405.4 n/a 22,419 2013 Right
  Denmark 3.5 6.7 4 196 2013 Right
  Dominica 15.3 44.7 n/a 11 2013 Left
  Dominican Republic 29.3 94.9 n/a 3,052 2013 Right
  Ecuador 20.1 183.8 n/a 3,164 2013 Right
  Egypt 12.8 148.7 n/a 10,466 2013 Right
  El Salvador 21.1 163.7 n/a 1,339 2013 Right
  Eritrea 24.1 2171.5 n/a 1,527 2013 Right
  Estonia 7.0 11.8 n/a 90 2013 Right
  Ethiopia 25.3 4984.3 n/a 23,837 2013 Right
  Fiji 5.8 58.9 n/a 51 2013 Left
  Finland 4.8 4.4 4.8 258 2013 Right
  France 5.1 7.6 5.8 3,268 2013 Right
  Gabon 22.9 196.4 n/a 383 2013 Right
  Gambia 29.4 998.7 n/a 544 2013 Right
  Georgia 11.8 54 n/a 514 2013 Right
  Germany 4.3 6.8 4.9 3,540 2013 Right
  Ghana 26.2 443.1 n/a 6,789 2013 Right
  Greece 9.1 12.6 n/a 1,013 2013 Right
  Guatemala 19.0 114.7 n/a 2,939 2013 Right
  Guinea 27.3 9462.5 n/a 3,211 2013 Right
  Guinea-Bissau 27.5 751.9 n/a 468 2013 Right
  Guyana 17.3 864.4 n/a 138 2013 Left
  Honduras 17.4 1021.7 n/a 1,408 2013 Right
  Hungary 7.7 20.7 n/a 765 2013 Right
  Iceland 4.6 6.1 4.7 15 2013 Right
  India 16.6 130.1 n/a 238,562 2013 Left
  Indonesia 15.3 36.7 n/a 38,279 2013 Left
  Iran 32.1 92.7 n/a 24,896 2013 Right
  Iraq 20.2 151.2 n/a 6,826 2013 Right
  Ireland 4.1 7.6 3.9 188 2013 Left
  Israel 3.6 9.7 5.3 277 2013 Right
  Italy 6.1 7.3 n/a 3,753 2013 Right
  Jamaica 11.5 61.7 n/a 320 2013 Left
  Japan 4.7 6.5 8 5,971 2013 Left
  Jordan 26.3 151.4 n/a 1,913 2013 Right
  Kazakhstan 24.2 101.4 n/a 3,983 2013 Right
  Kenya 29.1 640.7 n/a 12,891 2013 Left
  Kiribati 2.9 86.9 n/a 3 2013 Left
  Kuwait 18.7 34.2 n/a 629 2013 Right
  Kyrgyzstan 22.0 127.3 n/a 1,220 2013 Right
  Laos 14.3 67.5 n/a 971 2013 Right
  Latvia 10.0 24.8 n/a 205 2013 Right
  Lebanon 22.6 64.8 n/a 1,088 2013 Right
  Lesotho 28.2 474.8 n/a 584 2013 Left
  Liberia 33.7 133.4 n/a 1,448 2013 Right
  Libya 73.4 128.2 n/a 4,554 2013 Right
  Lithuania 10.6 16.1 n/a 320 2013 Right
  Luxembourg 8.7 10.7 n/a 46 2013 Right
  Macedonia 9.4 49.1 n/a 198 2013 Right
  Madagascar 28.4 2963 n/a 6,506 2013 Right
  Malawi 35.0 1310.4 n/a 5,732 2013 Left
  Malaysia 24.0 29.9 12.6 7,129 2013 Left
  Maldives 3.5 19.5 n/a 12 2013 Left
  Mali 25.6 1352.5 n/a 3,920 2013 Right
  Malta 5.1 6.8 n/a 22 2013 Left
  Marshall Islands 5.7 141.8 n/a 3 2013 Right
  Mauritania 24.5 228.7 n/a 952 2013 Right
  Mauritius 12.2 35.6 n/a 158 2013 Left
  Mexico 12.3 43 n/a 15,062 2013 Right
  Federated States of Micronesia 1.9 24 n/a 2 2013 Right
  Monaco - - n/a 0 2013 Right
  Mongolia 21.0 88.4 n/a 597 2013 Right
  Montenegro 10.5 31.1 n/a 65 2016[8] Right
  Morocco 18.0 209 n/a 6,870 2013 Right
  Mozambique 31.6 1507 n/a 8,173 2013 Left
  Myanmar 20.3 250.8 n/a 10,809 2013 Right
  Namibia 23.9 196.4 n/a 551 2013 Left
    Nepal 17.0 399.8 n/a 4,713 2013 Left
  Netherlands 3.4 6 4.5 574 2013 Right
  New Zealand 6.0 8.4 6.7 272 2013 Left
  Nicaragua 15.3 164.3 n/a 931 2013 Right
  Niger 26.4 1491.1 n/a 4,706 2013 Right
  Nigeria 20.5 615.4 n/a 35,621 2013 Right
  Norway 3.8 5.2 4.4 192 2013 Right
  Oman 25.4 85.3 n/a 924 2013 Right
  Pakistan 14.2 283.9 n/a 25,781 2013 Left
  Palau 4.8 14.1 n/a 1 2013 Right
  Panama 10.0 38.4 n/a 386 2013 Right
  Papua New Guinea 16.8 1306.5 n/a 1,232 2013 Left
  Paraguay 20.7 114.7 n/a 1,408 2013 Right
  Peru 13.9 99.3 n/a 4,234 2013 Right
  Philippines 10.5 135 n/a 10,379 2013 Right
  Poland 10.3 15.8 n/a 3,931 2013 Right
  Portugal 7.8 13.7 n/a 828 2013 Right
  Qatar 15.2 50.9 n/a 330 2013 Right
  South Korea 9.5[9] 21.2 16 4,899 2016[10] Right
  Republic of Moldova 12.5 61.8 n/a 437 2013 Right
  Romania 8.7 31.4 n/a 1,881 2013 Right
  Russia 18.9 53.4 n/a 27,025 2013 Right
  Rwanda 32.1 3521.1 n/a 3,782 2013 Right
  Saint Lucia 18.1 2103.3 n/a 33 2013 Left
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 8.2 31.7 n/a 9 2013 Left
  Samoa 15.8 171.9 n/a 30 2013 Left
  San Marino 3.2 1.8 n/a 1 2013 Right
  São Tomé and Príncipe 31.1 5454.5 n/a 60 2013 Right
  Saudi Arabia 27.4 119.7 n/a 7,898 2013 Right
  Senegal 27.2 956.4 n/a 3,844 2013 Right
  Serbia 10.4 34.5 n/a 735 2013 Right
  Seychelles 8.6 43 n/a 8 2013 Left
  Sierra Leone 27.3 2414.2 n/a 1,661 2013 Right
  Singapore 3.6 20.2 n/a 197 2013 Left
  Slovakia 6.6 13.7 n/a 360 2013 Right
  Slovenia 6.4 9.5 7.6 132 2013 Right
  Solomon Islands 19.2 240 n/a 108 2013 Left
  Somalia 25.4 4480.5 n/a 2,664 2013 Right
  South Africa 25.1 133.9 n/a 13,273 2013 Left
  Spain 3.7 5.3 7.8 1,730 2013 Right
  Sri Lanka 17.4 70.9 n/a 3,691 2013 Left
  Sudan 24.3 2872.8 n/a 9,221 2013 Right
  Suriname 19.1 49.7 n/a 103 2013 Left
  Swaziland 24.2 1667.4 n/a 303 2013 Left
  Sweden 2.8 4.7 3.5 272 2013 Right
   Switzerland 3.3 4.7 4.3 269 2013[11][12][13][14] Right
  Tajikistan 18.8 374.9 n/a 1,543 2013 Right
  Thailand 36.2 74.6 n/a 24,237 2013 Left
  Timor-Leste 16.6 295.8 n/a 188 2013 Left
  Togo 31.1 3653.4 n/a 2,123 2013 Right
  Tonga 7.6 98.1 n/a 8 2013 Left
  Trinidad and Tobago 14.1 58.9 n/a 189 2013 Left
  Tunisia 24.4 154.4 n/a 2,679 2013 Right
  Turkey 8.9 37.3 n/a 6,687 2013 Right
  Turkmenistan 17.4 107.8 n/a 914 2009 Right
  Uganda 27.4 836.8 n/a 10,280 2013 Left
  United Arab Emirates 10.9 38.2 n/a 1,021 2013 Right
  United Kingdom 2.9 5.1 3.6 1,827 2013 Left
  Tanzania 32.9 1073.7 n/a 16,211 2013 Left
  Ukraine 13.5[3] 35.3 n/a 5,099 2012[15] Right
  United States 10.6 12.9 7.1 34,064 2013 Right
  Uruguay 16.6 28.5 n/a 567 2013 Right
  Uzbekistan 11.2 n/a 3,240 2013 Right
  Vanuatu 16.6 300 n/a 42 2013 Right
  Vietnam 24.5 55 n/a 22,419 2013 Right
  Yemen 21.5 436.6 n/a 5,248 2013 Right
  Zambia 24.7 670.9 n/a 3,586 2013 Left
  Zimbabwe 28.2 429.8 n/a 3,985 2013 Left

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The following groupings/assumptions were made:
    • France includes the overseas departments as well as overseas collectivities.
    • The United Kingdom includes the Crown dependencies as well as the overseas territories.
    • The United States of America includes the insular areas.
    • The Netherlands includes Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles.
    • Denmark includes Greenland and the Faroe islands.
    • China includes the SARs of Hong Kong and Macao.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Data from World Health Organization Estimated Deaths 2012
  2. ^ a b c d e f WHO, ed. (2015). "Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015" (PDF) (official report). Geneva: World Health Organisation (WHO). pp. vii, 1–14, 75ff (countries), 264–271 (table A2), 316–332 (table A10). ISBN 978 92 4 156506 6. Retrieved 2016-01-27. Tables A2 & A10, data from 2013 
  3. ^ a b c WHO, ed. (2013). "Global Status Report on Road Safety 2013: supporting a decade of action" (PDF) (official report). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation (WHO). pp. vii, 1–8, 53ff (countries), 244–251 (table A2), 296–303 (table A10). ISBN 978 92 4 156456 4. Retrieved 2014-05-30. Tables A2 & A10, data from 2010 
  4. ^ a b c d WHO, ed. (2015). "WHO Report 2015: Data tables" (PDF) (official report). Geneva: World Health Organisation (WHO). Retrieved 2016-01-26. 
  5. ^ OECD/ITF, ed. (12 October 2015). "Road Safety Annual Report 2015" (PDF) (official report). Paris: International Traffic Safety Data and Analysis Group, International Transport Forum (irtad). pp. 47ff. ISBN 9789282107867. Retrieved 2016-01-29. data from 2013 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l WHO, ed. (2015). "Deaths on the roads: Based on the WHO Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015" (PDF) (official report). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation (WHO). Retrieved 2016-01-26. 
  7. ^ Center for Traffic Safety Research - University of São Paulo(in Portuguese: Núcleo de Estudos em Segurança no Trânsito - NEST-USP)Master degree dissertation of Jorge Tiago Bastos published in 2011. Title: Geography of Traffic Fatalities in Brazil (in Portuguese: Geografia da mortalidade no trânsito no Brasil. School of Engineering of São Carlos - University of São Paulo, Department of Transportation, São Carlos - Brazil (data for 2008))[citation needed]
  8. ^ Godišnja statistika saobraćaja, skladištenja i veza (PDF). http://www.monstat.org (in Montenegrin). Monstat. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 2017-11-13.  External link in |website= (help)
  9. ^ Official population estimate
  10. ^ ? (26 February 2017). "음주운전 사망 큰폭 감소…지난해 교통사고 사망자 7.1% 줄어". Yonhap News (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-02-26. 
  11. ^ "Mobility and Transport: Pocket Statistics 2014" (PDF) (Official publication) (in English, German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  12. ^ "Mobility and Transport: Key figures" (web page) (in English, German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. October 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  13. ^ "Passenger transport performance" (web page) (in English, German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. October 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  14. ^ "Verkehrsunfälle in der Schweiz 2012, Korrigierte Version, 30.8.2013" (PDF) (Official publication) (in German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  15. ^ Число аварий по сравнению с 2011 годом возросло. Погибших оказалось тоже больше. www.liga.net (in Russian). ЛIГАБiзнесIнформ Информационное агентство. 27 February 2013. Retrieved 2016-04-14.