Open main menu

List of countries by inequality-adjusted HDI

World map of all countries by the inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  0.300–0.349
  0.250–0.300
  0.200–0.250
  Data unavailable

This is a list of countries by inequality-adjusted human development index (IHDI), as published by the UNDP in its 2016 Human Development Report. According to the 2016 Report, "The IHDI can be interpreted as the level of human development when inequality is accounted for," whereas the Human Development Index itself is "an index of potential human development (or the maximum IHDI that could be achieved if there were no inequality)."[1][2]

The HDI, from which the IHDI derives, is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. The HDI was developed by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq, and is anchored in the Indian Nobel laureate Amartya Sen’s work on human capabilities. It is often framed in terms of whether people are able to "be" and "do" desirable things in their life, and was published by the United Nations Development Programme.The index has several limits not considering several parmeters such as the net wealth per capita or the relative quality of goods in a country. This situation tends to low in ranking the most advanced countries, such as the G7 members and others.

Contents

MethodologyEdit

The index captures the HDI of the average person in society, which is less than the aggregate HDI when there is inequality in the distribution of health, education and income. Under perfect equality, the HDI and IHDI are equal; the greater the difference between the two, the greater the inequality.

The IHDI, estimated for 151 countries, captures the losses in human development due to inequality in health, education and income. Losses in all three dimensions vary across countries, ranging from just a few percent (Czech Republic, Slovenia) up to over 40% (Comoros, Central African Republic). Overall loss takes into account all three dimensions.[3]

ListEdit

The table below ranks countries according to their inequality-adjusted human development index (IHDI) and compares it to their HDI. Data is based on 2017 estimates.

2017 inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI) (2018 report)[4]Edit

Above average (0.582):
Rank Country IHDI
1   Iceland 0.878
2   Japan 0.876
2   Norway 0.876
4    Switzerland 0.871
5   Finland 0.868
6   Sweden 0.864
7   Australia 0.861
7   Germany 0.861
9   Denmark 0.860
10   Netherlands 0.857
11   Ireland 0.854
12   Canada 0.852
13   New Zealand 0.846
14   Slovenia 0.846
15   Czech Republic 0.840
16   Belgium 0.836
17   Austria 0.835
18   United Kingdom 0.835
19   Singapore 0.816
20   Luxembourg 0.811
21   Hong Kong 0.809
22   France 0.808
23   Malta 0.805
24   Slovakia 0.797
25   United States 0.797
26   Estonia 0.794
27   Israel 0.787
28   Poland 0.787
29   South Korea 0.773
30   Hungary 0.772
31   Italy 0.771
32   Cyprus 0.769
33   Latvia 0.759
34   Lithuania 0.757
35   Croatia 0.756
36   Belarus 0.755
37   Spain 0.754
38   Greece 0.753
39   Montenegro 0.741
40   Russia 0.738
41   Kazakhstan 0.737
42   Portugal 0.732
43   Romania 0.717
44   Bulgaria 0.710
45   Chile 0.710
46   Argentina 0.707
47   Iran 0.707
48   Albania 0.706
49   Ukraine 0.701
50   Uruguay 0.689
51   Mauritius 0.683
52   Georgia 0.682
53   Azerbaijan 0.681
54   Armenia 0.680
55   Barbados 0.669
56   Turkey 0.669
57   Serbia 0.667
58   Sri Lanka 0.664
59   Rep. of Macedonia 0.661
60   Costa Rica 0.651
61   Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.649
62   China 0.643
63   Mongolia 0.639
64   Venezuela 0.636
65   Thailand 0.636
66   Moldova 0.627
67   Panama 0.623
68   Saint Lucia 0.622
68   Jordan 0.617
70   Mexico 0.609
71   Jamaica 0.608
72   Kyrgyzstan 0.606
73   Peru 0.606
74   Ecuador 0.603
75   Algeria 0.598
76   Palestine 0.583
    Below average:
Rank Country IHDI
77   Dominican Republic 0.581
78   Brazil 0.578
79   Turkmenistan 0.575
80   Philippines 0.574
81   Vietnam 0.574
82   Tunisia 0.573
83   Colombia 0.571
84   Indonesia 0.563
85   Tajikistan 0.562
86   Suriname 0.557
87   Belize 0.550
88   Maldives 0.549
89   Iraq 0.546
90   Gabon 0.545
91   Guyana 0.532
92   El Salvador 0.524
93   Paraguay 0.522
94   Bolivia 0.514
95   Nicaragua 0.507
96   Vanuatu 0.499
97   Egypt 0.493
98   São Tomé and Príncipe 0.473
99   Cambodia 0.469
100   Rep. of the Congo 0.469
101   India 0.468
102   Guatemala 0.467
103   South Africa 0.467
104   Myanmar 0.466
105   Bangladesh 0.462
106   Honduras 0.459
107   Timor-Leste 0.452
108   Bhutan 0.446
109   Laos 0.445
110   Kenya 0.434
111     Nepal 0.427
112   Namibia 0.422
113   Ghana 0.420
114   Swaziland 0.414
115   Tanzania 0.404
116   Angola 0.393
117   Zambia 0.388
118   Pakistan 0.387
119   Madagascar 0.385
120   Uganda 0.370
121   Rwanda 0.367
122   Cameroon 0.366
123   Lesotho 0.359
124   Afghanistan 0.350
125   Mauritania 0.348
126   Nigeria 0.347
127   Togo 0.344
128   Senegal 0.340
129   Malawi 0.332
130   Ethiopia 0.331
131   Sudan 0.328
132   Benin 0.326
133   Dem. Rep. of the Congo 0.319
134   Côte d'Ivoire 0.311
135   Yemen 0.308
136   Djibouti 0.306
137   Guinea 0.306
138   Haiti 0.304
139   Liberia 0.298
140   Mozambique 0.294
141   Gambia 0.289
142   Burkina Faso 0.288
143   Mali 0.282
144   Burundi 0.278
145   Guinea-Bissau 0.276
146   Comoros 0.275
147   Sierra Leone 0.266
148   Niger 0.250
149   Chad 0.249
150   South Sudan 0.247
151   Central African Republic 0.212

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit