List of countries by inequality-adjusted HDI

World map representing the inequality-adjusted Human Development Index categories (based on 2018 data, published in 2019).[1]
  0.800–1.000 (very high)
  0.700–0.799 (high)
  0.550–0.699 (medium)
  0.350–0.549 (low)
  Data unavailable
World map showing countries by the inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (based on 2018 data, published in 2019).
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  0.300–0.349
  0.250–0.299
  0.200–0.249
  Data unavailable

This is a list of countries by inequality-adjusted human development index (IHDI), as published by the UNDP in its 2019 Human Development Report. According to the 2016 Report, "The IHDI can be interpreted as the level of human development when inequality is accounted for," whereas the Human Development Index itself, from which the IHDI is derived, is "an index of potential human development (or the maximum IHDI that could be achieved if there were no inequality)."[2][3]

MethodologyEdit

The index captures the HDI of the average person in society, which is less than the aggregate HDI when there is inequality in the distribution of health, education and income. Under perfect equality, the HDI and IHDI are equal; the greater the difference between the two, the greater the inequality.

The IHDI, estimated for 151 countries, captures the losses in human development due to inequality in health, education and income. Losses in all three dimensions vary across countries, ranging from just a few percent (Czech Republic, Slovenia) up to over 40% (Comoros, Central African Republic). Overall loss takes into account all three dimensions.[4]

ListEdit

The table below ranks countries according to their inequality-adjusted human development index (IHDI). Data is based on 2018 estimates.

2018 inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI) (2019 report)Edit

Rank Country 2018 estimates (2019 report)[5][1]
IHDI HDI Overall loss (%) Growth since 2010
1   Norway 0.889 0.954 6.8   0.010
2   Iceland 0.885 0.938 5.7   0.052
3   Japan 0.882 0.915 3.6   0.094[a]
4    Switzerland 0.881 0.946 6.8   0.015
5   Finland 0.876 0.925 5.3   0.040
6   Sweden 0.874 0.937 6.7   0.031
7   Denmark 0.873 0.930 6.1   0.021
8   Ireland 0.872 0.942 8.2   0.063
9   Netherlands 0.870 0.933 6.8   0.033
10   Australia 0.862 0.938 8.1   0.010
11   Germany 0.861 0.939 8.3   0.015
12   Slovenia 0.858 0.902 4.8   0.038
13   Czech Republic 0.850 0.891 4.6   0.040
14   Belgium 0.849 0.919 7.6   0.022
15   United Kingdom 0.845 0.920 8.2   0.028
16   Austria 0.843 0.914 7.7   0.015
17   Canada 0.841 0.922 8.8   0.024
18   New Zealand 0.836 0.921 9.2 NA
19   Luxembourg 0.822 0.909 9.5   0.010
20   Estonia 0.818 0.882 7.2   0.056
  European Union[6] 0.816 0.900 9.4
21   Hong Kong 0.815 0.939 13.2 NA
21   Malta 0.815 0.885 8   0.030 [b]
23   Singapore 0.810 0.935 13.3 NA
24   France 0.809 0.891 9.2   0.017
24   Israel 0.809 0.906 10.8   0.034
26   Slovakia 0.804 0.857 6.2   0.031
27   Poland 0.801 0.872 8.1   0.056
28   United States 0.797 0.920 13.4   0.011
29   Cyprus 0.788 0.873 9.7   0.037
30   Hungary 0.777 0.845 8   0.022
30   South Korea 0.777 0.906 14.3   0.042
32   Italy 0.776 0.883 12.1   0.010
32   Latvia 0.776 0.854 9.1   0.050
34   Lithuania 0.774 0.869 10.9   0.045
35   Croatia 0.768 0.837 8.3   0.081
36   Greece 0.766 0.872 12.2   0.004
37   Belarus 0.765 0.817 6.4   0.047
37   Spain 0.765 0.893 14.3   0.015
39   Kazakhstan 0.759 0.817 7.1   0.098
40   Montenegro 0.746 0.816 8.6   0.031
41   Russia 0.743 0.824 9.9   0.053
42   Portugal 0.742 0.850 12.7   0.018
43   Oman 0.732 0.834 13.1 NA
44   Romania 0.725 0.816 11.1   0.024
45   Argentina 0.714 0.830 14   0.058
46   Bulgaria 0.713 0.816 12.5   0.022
47   Serbia 0.710 0.799 14   0.030
48   Iran 0.706 0.797 11.5   0.185[c]
49   Albania 0.705 0.791 10.9   0.059
50   Uruguay 0.703 0.808 13   0.054
51   Ukraine 0.701 0.750 6.4   0.028
52   Georgia 0.692 0.786 12   0.085
53   Mauritius 0.688 0.796 13.7   0.032[d]
54   Sri Lanka 0.686 0.780 12.1   0.064
55   Armenia 0.685 0.760 9.9   0.036
56   Azerbaijan 0.683 0.754 9.4   0.052
57   Turkey 0.676 0.806 16.2   0.108
58   Barbados 0.675 0.813 17 NA
59   Chile 0.673 0.847 17.8   0.025
60   North Macedonia 0.660 0.759 13.1   0.048
61   Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.658 0.769 14.4   0.090
62   Costa Rica 0.639 0.794 18.7   0.041
63   Moldova 0.638 0.711 10.4   0.049
64   China 0.636 0.758 16.1   0.095
65   Mongolia 0.635 0.735 13.6   0.044
65   Thailand 0.635 0.765 16.9   0.067
67   Panama 0.626 0.795 21.2   0.083
68   Jordan 0.617 0.723 14.7   0.029
68   Saint Lucia 0.617 0.745 17.2   0.005[e]
70   Peru 0.612 0.759 19.4   0.112
71   Kyrgyzstan 0.610 0.674 9.5   0.070
72   Ecuador 0.607 0.758 19.9   0.035
73   Algeria 0.604 0.759 20.4 NA
73   Jamaica 0.604 0.726 16.7   0.002
75   Venezuela 0.600 0.726 17.3   0.007
76   Palestine 0.597 0.690 13.5   0.004[f]
77   Mexico 0.595 0.767 22.5   0.011
78   Colombia 0.585 0.761 23.1   0.065
78   Tunisia 0.585 0.739 20.8   0.049
  World 0.584 0.731 20.2   0.062
80   Dominican Republic 0.584 0.745 21.5   0.057
81   Indonesia 0.583 0.707 17.4   0.035
82   Philippines 0.582 0.712 18.2   0.037
83   Vietnam 0.580 0.693 16.3   0.034
84   Turkmenistan 0.578 0.710 18.5   0.082
85   Brazil 0.574 0.761 24.5   0.045
85   Tajikistan 0.574 0.656 12.5   0.064
87   Maldives 0.568 0.719 21   0.003
88   Paraguay 0.562 0.724 24.7   0.040
89   Suriname 0.559 0.724 22.7   0.029
90   Belize 0.558 0.720 22.6   0.064
91   Iraq 0.552 0.689 19.8   0.032[g]
92   Guyana 0.546 0.670 18.5   0.026
93   Gabon 0.544 0.702 24.5   0.025
94   India 0.538 0.647 16.8   0.129
95   Bolivia 0.533 0.703 24.2   0.127
96   El Salvador 0.521 0.667 21.9   0.044
97   São Tomé and Príncipe 0.507 0.609 16.3   0.128[h]
98   Nicaragua 0.501 0.651 23   0.038
99   Egypt 0.492 0.700 29.7   0.009
100   Guatemala 0.472 0.651 27.4   0.072
101   Bangladesh 0.465 0.614 24.3   0.078
101   Cambodia 0.465 0.581 20.1   0.084
103   Honduras 0.464 0.623 25.5   0.049
104   South Africa 0.463 0.705 34.4   0.007
105   Rep. of the Congo 0.456 0.608 25   0.076
106   Laos 0.454 0.604 24.9   0.044
107   Bhutan 0.450 0.617 27.1   0.023[i]
107   Timor-Leste 0.450 0.626 28   0.037
109   Myanmar 0.448 0.584 23.2 NA
110   Zimbabwe 0.435 0.563 22.8   0.104
111   Eswatini 0.430 0.608 29.3   0.100
111     Nepal 0.430 0.579 26.8   0.071
113   Ghana 0.427 0.596 28.3   0.013
114   Kenya 0.426 0.579 26.3   0.063
115   Namibia 0.418 0.645 35.3   0.091
116   Tanzania 0.397 0.528 24.9   0.049
117   Zambia 0.394 0.591 33.4   0.030
118   Angola 0.392 0.574 31.8   0.085
119   Uganda 0.387 0.528 26.7   0.055
120   Madagascar 0.386 0.521 25.8   0.029
120   Pakistan 0.386 0.560 31.1   0.027
122   Rwanda 0.382 0.536 28.7   0.075
123   Cameroon 0.371 0.563 34.1   0.060
124   Mauritania 0.358 0.528 32.1   0.040
125   Lesotho 0.350 0.518 32.5   0.045
125   Togo 0.350 0.513 31.7   0.036
126   Nigeria 0.349 0.534 34.6   0.067
127   Senegal 0.347 0.514 32.5   0.048
128   Malawi 0.346 0.485 28.7   0.049
129   Ethiopia 0.337 0.470 28.7   0.066
130   Sudan 0.332 0.507 34.6 NA
131   Côte d'Ivoire 0.331 0.516 35.8   0.041
132   Benin 0.327 0.520 37.1   0.020
134   Dem. Rep. of the Congo 0.316 0.459 31   0.051
134   Yemen 0.316 0.463 31.8   0.012
136   Liberia 0.314 0.465 32.3   0.038
137   Guinea 0.310 0.466 37.4   0.059
138   Mozambique 0.309 0.446 30.7   0.093
139   Burkina Faso 0.303 0.434 30.1   0.064
140   Haiti 0.299 0.503 40.5   0.022
141   Burundi 0.296 0.423 30.1   0.043
142   Comoros 0.294 0.538 45.3   0.006
142   Mali 0.294 0.427 31.2   0.045
144   Gambia 0.293 0.466 37.2   0.026
145   Guinea-Bissau 0.288 0.461 37.5   0.043
146   Sierra Leone 0.282 0.438 35.7   0.045
147   Niger 0.272 0.377 27.9   0.061
148   South Sudan 0.264 0.413 36.1 NA
149   Chad 0.250 0.401 37.7   0.023
150   Central African Republic 0.222 0.381 41.6   0.016

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Human Development Report 2019 – "Human Development Indices and Indicators"" (PDF). HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. pp. 22–25. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  2. ^ Human Development Reports, Composite indices — HDI and beyond (2015) 87
  3. ^ "Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
  4. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions - Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI)". United Nations.
  5. ^ "Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI)". hdr.undp.org. UNDP. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  6. ^ "Inequalities in Human Development in the 21st Century" (PDF). Human Development Report. p. 5.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Since 2013
  2. ^ Since 2012
  3. ^ Since 2013
  4. ^ Since 2011
  5. ^ Since 2014
  6. ^ Since 2013
  7. ^ Since 2013
  8. ^ Since 2011
  9. ^ Since 2012

External linksEdit