List of countries and some dependent territories and subnational areas by incarceration rate

This is a list of countries and some dependent territories and subnational areas by incarceration rate.[1]

Prison population rates from World Prison Brief. See date on map.

Incarceration totals, rates, demographicsEdit

The World Prison Brief (WPB) may or may not incorporate juvenile incarceration numbers into the totals for each country, dependent territory, or subnational area. The date for each item below is the latest available to WPB at the time the data was copied here. See the individual WPB country and subnational area pages for more info on dates, juvenile numbers, and much more.[1] N/A below means that the data is not available (NA) in the info provided by WPB.

* indicates "Incarceration in LOCATION" or "Crime in LOCATION" links.
Note: For the UK as a whole see #United Kingdom in notes section.

Incarceration populations and rates. From World Prison Brief
Location Region Count[2] Rate per 100,000 [3] Male (%)[a] Female (%)[4] National (%)[b] Foreign (%)[5] Occupancy (%)[6] Remand (%)[7]
 
  Afghanistan * Asia 28,240 77 97.4 2.6 99.1 0.9 179.9 31.3
  Albania * Europe 5,112 183 98.0 2.0 98.1 1.9 84.7 50.7
  Algeria Africa 94,749 217 98.5 1.5 96.2 3.8 89.3 12.0
  American Samoa Oceania 301 538 95.9 4.1 37.8 62.2 166.2 14.9
  Andorra Europe 46 58 91.1 8.9 41.1 58.9 30.3 57.1
  Angola Africa 24,966 79 97.3 2.7 110.8 45.8
  Anguilla Americas 55 367 100.0 0.0 70.9 29.1 91.7 45.5
  Antigua and Barbuda Americas 238 243 95.2 4.8 69.4 30.6 191.3 37.0
  Argentina * Americas 114,074 249 95.2 4.8 93.5 6.5 122.1 45.9
  Armenia * Asia 2,113 71 96.8 3.2 94.8 5.2 41.1 41.0
  Aruba Americas 170 165 96.5 3.5 51.9 48.1 68.4 16.6
  Australia * [Note] Oceania 42,403 165 92.3 7.7 82.9 17.1 112.2 31.9
  Austria * Europe 8,645 96 93.4 6.6 46.8 53.2 95.7 21.0
  Azerbaijan Asia 22,334 220 97.1 2.9 97.9 2.1 82.7 16.9
  Bahamas Americas 1,617 409 96.9 3.1 177.8 42.0
  Bahrain * Asia 3,485 234 95.3 4.7 76.3 23.7 110.2 25.7
  Bangladesh * Asia 81,156 46 96.1 3.9 99.4 0.6 195.8 81.3
  Barbados Americas 769 267 97.4 2.6 86.2 13.8 70.7 54.7
  Belarus Europe 32,556 345 89.2 10.8 96.9 3.1 83.4 16.6
  Belgium * Europe 10,614 91 95.6 4.4 55.8 44.2 120.6 37.6
  Belize * Americas 1,114 271 97.2 2.8 88.9 11.1 87.3 40.0
  Benin * Africa 13,009 103 96.7 3.3 151.3 75.8
  Bermuda Americas 124 200 97.1 2.9 88.5 11.5 59.7 20.2
  Bhutan * Asia 1,119 145 95.7 4.3 93.2 6.8
  Bolivia * Americas 20,864 175 92.0 8.0 96.7 3.3 363.9 67.2
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe 1,813 83 96.8 3.2 96.4 3.6 102.1 19.8
  Republika Srpska Europe 554 46 98.1 1.9 97.6 2.4 50.9 14.4
  Botswana Africa 3,882 162 95.3 4.7 68.4 31.6 100.9 24.5
  Brazil * Americas 835,643 389 95.1 4.9 99.7 0.3 151.9 30.1
  Brunei Asia 841 186 88.1 11.9 70.8 29.2 143.8 7.1
  Bulgaria * Europe 6,384 93 97.0 3.0 97.0 3.0 80.9 19.1
  Burkina Faso Africa 7,401 35 98.0 2.0 95.9 4.1 156.6 40.5
  Burundi Africa 12,448 88 94.2 5.8 98.8 1.2 304.3 39.3
  Cambodia * Asia 39,000 229 91.8 8.2 96.3 3.7 206.1 71.9
  Cameroon Africa 32,003 116 97.3 2.7 95.1 4.9 171.4 58.1
  Canada * Americas 32,261 85 94.4 5.6 102.2 39.0
  Cape Verde * Africa 1,549 296 97.1 2.9 109.4 31.7
  Cayman Islands Americas 205 312 93.2 6.8 69.2 30.8 102.1 29.6
  Central African Republic Africa 1,291 26 91.8 8.2 70.2
  Chad Africa 8,700 59 97.6 2.4 98.7 1.3 232.3 63.4
  Chile * Americas 45,135 240 92.9 7.1 96.6 3.4 100.4 35.9
  China * [Note] Asia 1,690,000 119 91.6 8.4 99.6 0.4
  Colombia * Americas 98,242 192 92.8 7.2 98.7 1.3 121.2 24.1
  Comoros Africa 387 43 97.8 2.2 92.3 7.7 161.7 29.0
  Congo Africa 1,388 27 96.3 3.7 616.9 60.0
  Cook Islands Oceania 47 224 91.7 8.3 100.0 0.0 50.0 14.6
  Costa Rica * Americas 15,516 301 94.6 5.4 86.9 13.1 129.1 14.4
  Ivory Coast * Africa 23,000 85 97.6 2.4 70.0 30.0 196.9 40.7
  Croatia Europe 3,955 99 94.7 5.3 94.3 5.7 87.1 31.0
  Cuba * [Note] Americas 57,337 510
  Curaçao Americas 429 261 96.8 3.2 63.9 41.0
  Cyprus Asia 716 80 94.6 5.4 53.7 46.3 108.8 32.4
  Czech Republic * Europe 19,215 179 91.8 8.2 92.0 8.0 97.0 8.0
  DR Congo * Africa 22,820 24 97.0 3.0 73.0
  Denmark * Europe 4,248 72 95.6 4.4 69.9 30.1 98.9 38.2
  Djibouti Africa 662 71 95.0 5.0 171.4 35.8
  Dominica Americas 206 275 99.5 0.5 98.1 1.9 73.0 23.7
  Dominican Republic * Americas 26,238 231 97.2 2.8 91.9 8.1 183.2 61.4
  Ecuador * Americas 32,325 178 93.3 6.7 91.9 8.1 133.2 37.0
  Egypt * Africa 119,000 117 96.3 3.7 99.0 1.0 9.9
  El Salvador * Americas 39,538 605 92.5 7.5 98.7 1.3 215.2 24.4
  England and Wales * [Note] Europe 82,176 136 96.0 4.0 87.8 12.2 101.4 15.4
  Equatorial Guinea Africa 500 63 95.0 5.0
  Eritrea [Note] Africa
  Estonia * Europe 2,057 155 96.1 3.9 64.5 35.5 76.6 19.2
  Eswatini Africa 3,362 244 97.1 2.9 94.0 6.0 133.1 18.1
  Ethiopia * Africa 110,000 99 95.8 4.2 14.9
  Faroe Islands Europe 11 21 100.0 0.0 78.2 32.1
  Fiji Oceania 2,379 256 97.5 2.5 98.8 1.2 137.9 24.0
  Finland * Europe 2,827 51 91.7 8.3 82.9 17.1 101.1 23.6
  France * Europe 72,350 106 96.7 3.3 77.9 22.1 103.4 32.4
  French Guiana Americas 833 261 92.7 7.3 37.0 63.0 97.9 27.9
  French Polynesia Oceania 595 208 95.8 4.2 102.2 19.0
  Gabon Africa 5,226 228 97.8 2.2 80.2
  Gambia Africa 543 22 97.5 2.5 33.3 66.7 172.5 22.2
  Georgia Asia 9,702 266 96.4 3.6 94.1 5.9 78.3 20.7
  Germany * Europe 56,557 67 94.4 5.6 76.0 24.0 78.7 20.6
  Ghana * Africa 14,444 45 98.8 1.2 92.8 7.2 155.5 12.2
  Gibraltar * Europe 92 273 92.9 7.1 66.1 33.9 57.1 26.8
  Greece * Europe 11,131 105 95.5 4.5 45.1 54.9 113.2 26.6
  Greenland Americas 131 233 86.2 13.8 99.1 0.9 76.8 31.7
  Grenada Americas 365 323 98.6 1.4 96.9 3.1 233.8 20.4
  Guadeloupe * Americas 857 191 96.8 3.2 119.6 27.0
  Guam Oceania 700 408 92.8 7.2 69.0 31.0 126.2 45.1
  Guatemala * Americas 24,310 130 88.8 11.2 96.8 3.2 372.0 49.6
  Guernsey Europe 84 127 94.6 5.4 90.3 9.7 79.1 15.1
  Guinea Africa 4,375 34 97.0 3.0 97.3 2.7 156.8 60.0
  Guinea-Bissau Africa 596 31 97.4 2.6 92.9 7.1 102.2 67.9
  Guyana * Americas 1,889 239 97.2 2.8 98.5 1.5 142.4 39.5
  Haiti * Americas 11,253 98 95.8 4.2 454.4 75.0
  Honduras * Americas 20,768 206 94.3 5.7 98.7 1.3 204.0 54.1
  Hong Kong * Asia 7,867 106 79.9 20.1 70.1 29.9 74.0 29.9
  Hungary * Europe 18,800 194 92.3 7.7 95.1 4.9 111.6 16.6
  Iceland Europe 140 37 92.4 7.6 78.5 21.5 68.2 13.2
  India * Asia 554,034 40 95.8 4.2 98.8 1.2 118.5 69.1
  Indonesia * Asia 275,518 99 95.0 5.0 99.6 0.4 188.7 19.4
  Iran * Asia 189,000 228 96.9 3.1 97.1 2.9 153.0 25.1
  Iraq Asia 73,715 179 97.4 2.6 139.2 35.2
  Ireland Europe 4,246 83 96.1 3.9 86.4 13.6 85.8 17.5
  Isle of Man Europe 109 126 95.3 4.7 91.5 8.5 76.8 6.6
  Israel * Asia 14,961 168 99.0 1.0 61.1 38.9 80.1 25.2
  Italy * Europe 56,524 97 95.8 4.2 67.8 32.2 106.2 31.3
  Jamaica * Americas 3,719 130 96.1 3.9 98.9 1.1 88.8 32.3
  Japan * Asia 45,714 36 91.8 8.2 94.3 5.7 56.6 12.1
  Jersey Europe 146 135 95.7 4.3 74.8 25.2 69.5 28.1
  Jordan Asia 17,708 174 97.8 2.2 90.1 9.9 150.2 36.9
  Kazakhstan Asia 35,228 184 92.9 7.1 94.2 5.8 62.4 19.7
  Kenya * Africa 58,887 107 93.3 6.7 99.4 0.6 190.5 44.1
  Kiribati Oceania 129 113 99.2 0.8 100.0 0.0 112.8 5.4
  Kosovo * Europe 1,642 93 97.3 2.7 94.3 5.7 97.1 29.6
  Kuwait * Asia 4,420 111 94.2 5.8 86.5 13.5 134.1 10.0
  Kyrgyzstan Asia 10,142 161 95.8 4.2 96.8 3.2 61.7 16.6
  Laos * Asia 11,885 166 86.3 13.7 67.0
  Latvia * Europe 3,169 169 91.4 8.6 98.1 1.9 68.8 27.8
  Lebanon Asia 7,401 110 96.8 3.2 64.0 36.0 286.6 62.9
  Lesotho * Africa 2,216 104 96.4 3.6 99.1 0.9 70.6 19.5
  Liberia * Africa 2,925 56 97.2 2.8 98.0 2.0 222.1 64.0
  Libya Africa 12,300 176 98.8 1.2 87.2 12.8 141.6 90.0
  Liechtenstein Europe 11 28 100.0 0.0 25.0 75.0 45.0 75.0
  Lithuania Europe 5,089 182 95.3 4.7 97.9 2.1 83.2 11.8
  Luxembourg Europe 685 106 95.2 4.8 25.3 74.7 73.7 41.0
  Macau * Asia 1,401 209 87.8 12.2 29.3 70.7 82.8 18.9
  Madagascar Africa 27,611 97 94.2 5.8 99.9 0.1 237.4 56.8
  Malawi Africa 14,500 71 98.9 1.1 99.8 0.2 200.9 17.8
  Malaysia * Asia 76,336 229 95.5 4.5 79.5 20.5 131.9 26.7
  Maldives * Asia 1,700 314 95.7 4.3 98.9 1.1 127.7
  Mali Africa 8,670 40 97.2 2.8 223.3 52.8
  Malta Europe 821 159 92.9 7.1 44.3 55.7 88.6 33.9
  Marshall Islands Oceania 35 66 100.0 0.0 97.2 11.4
  Martinique Americas 919 239 97.1 2.9 96.9 37.0
  Mauritania * Africa 2,023 43 98.2 1.8 88.8 11.2 101.8 38.2
  Mauritius * Africa 2,386 184 93.9 6.1 93.6 6.4 116.9 59.4
  Mayotte Africa 519 180 99.7 0.3 127.5 56.5
  Mexico * Americas 230,000 174 94.5 5.5 98.8 1.2 98.2 41.7
  Micronesia Oceania 132 127 100.0 0.0 88.0 16.7
  Moldova * Europe 6,461 183 94.2 5.8 98.8 1.2 97.7 15.3
  Monaco Europe 13 33 85.7 14.3 4.8 95.2 9.5 76.2
  Mongolia Asia 5,832 183 95.2 4.8 99.6 0.4 124.4 26.6
  Montenegro * Europe 929 150 97.4 2.6 84.7 15.3 80.3 29.2
  Morocco Africa 88,941 240 97.7 2.3 98.6 1.4 136.9 39.1
  Mozambique Africa 18,700 56 97.1 2.9 98.5 1.5 210.7 33.1
  Myanmar * Asia 100,324 183 87.7 12.3 99.3 0.7 139.4 15.1
  Namibia * Africa 8,900 318 97.1 2.9 94.5 5.5 72.7 54.0
  Nauru * Oceania 14 140 92.9 7.1 93.3 6.7 14.0 25.0
  Nepal * Asia 25,400 83 94.4 5.6 94.7 5.3 153.7 55.1
  Netherlands Europe 11,623 66 94.5 5.5 77.1 22.9 74.4 29.2
  New Caledonia Oceania 619 212 98.9 1.1 106.3 12.1
  New Zealand * Oceania 7,964 155 93.4 6.6 97.0 3.0 93.8 36.5
  Nicaragua Americas 20,918 332 94.6 5.4 97.1 2.9 177.6 21.4
  Niger Africa 9,187 39 96.8 3.2 101.6 53.8
  Nigeria * Africa 74,367 34 98.1 1.9 99.7 0.3 146.8 72.7
  North Korea * [Note] Asia
  North Macedonia Europe 2,220 107 96.7 3.3 93.3 6.7 72.0 13.7
  Northern Ireland * [Note] Europe 1,667 88 97.3 2.7 88.4 11.6 79.9 34.1
  Northern Mariana Islands Oceania 175 313 94.2 5.8 53.8
  Norway * Europe 3,009 55 93.7 6.3 71.0 29.0 73.0 25.2
  Oman * Asia 1,960 46 95.5 4.5 69.7 30.3 5.6
  Pakistan * Asia 85,670 38 98.4 1.6 98.8 1.2 133.8 62.1
  Palau Oceania 77 428 95.7 4.3 93.5 6.5 162.1 4.1
  Panama * Americas 21,113 478 94.8 5.2 89.9 10.1 124.6 39.2
  Papua New Guinea * Oceania 5,087 58 95.1 4.9 99.6 0.4 116.5 34.4
  Paraguay * Americas 16,656 229 94.1 5.9 95.8 4.2 143.1 77.3
  Peru * Americas 90,293 264 94.5 5.5 97.6 2.4 240.3 37.0
  Philippines * Asia 166,912 152 89.0 11.0 99.7 0.3 463.6 75.1
  Poland * Europe 71,866 191 95.4 4.6 98.2 1.8 84.3 12.8
  Portugal * Europe 12,396 120 93.0 7.0 85.0 15.0 88.9 19.0
  Puerto Rico * Americas 8,884 278 96.3 3.7 86.3 13.1
  Qatar * Asia 1,150 53 85.3 14.7 26.7 73.3 44.0
  South Korea * Asia 53,920 105 92.7 7.3 95.3 4.7 112.0 35.1
  Réunion Africa 1,179 130 97.4 2.6 89.1 21.5
  Romania * Europe 23,046 122 95.4 4.6 99.0 1.0 120.5 10.4
  Russia * Europe 439,453 304 91.7 8.3 93.8 6.2 67.8 23.3
  Rwanda Africa 76,099 580 92.6 7.4 99.7 0.3 101.3 7.5
  Samoa Oceania 358 179 94.0 6.0 99.5 0.5 121.2 14.0
  San Marino Europe 9 26 100.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 16.7 0.0
  São Tomé and Príncipe Africa 260 115 96.0 4.0 99.2 0.8 126.5 32.8
  Saudi Arabia * Asia 68,056 207 98.1 1.9 51.0 49.0 48.3
  Scotland * [Note] Europe 7,328 134 96.0 4.0 96.1 3.9 86.6 26.5
  Senegal Africa 12,430 67 97.3 2.7 89.3 10.7 129.7 39.7
  Serbia * Europe 10,557 155 95.9 4.1 97.1 2.9 105.6 15.6
  Seychelles Africa 317 317 93.7 6.3 98.7 1.3 53.8 12.5
  Sierra Leone Africa 4,430 54 98.5 1.5 99.5 0.5 220.2 29.5
  Singapore * Asia 10,262 169 88.9 11.1 89.0 11.0 79.2 10.6
  Sint Maarten Americas 77 179 95.0 5.0 79.8 20.2 125.4 18.1
  Slovakia * Europe 9,939 182 92.6 7.4 98.0 2.0 89.6 15.3
  Slovenia * Europe 1,447 68 95.2 4.8 70.2 29.8 84.4 26.0
  Solomon Islands Oceania 500 79 98.3 1.7 99.0 1.0 77.7 46.8
  Somalia [Note] Africa
  South Africa * Africa 144,938 239 97.4 2.6 92.5 7.5 124.8 35.7
  South Sudan Africa 7,000 50 89.1 10.9 28.9
  Spain * Europe 55,093 116 92.6 7.4 71.9 28.1 77.9 16.0
  Sri Lanka * Asia 22,000 102 95.1 4.9 98.6 1.4 190.6 58.9
  Saint Kitts and Nevis * Americas 184 347 96.4 3.6 97.9 2.1 144.0 30.5
  Saint Lucia * Americas 484 263 97.5 2.5 97.0 3.0 105.4 53.5
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Americas 385 347 96.6 3.4 96.2 3.8 79.8 24.3
  Sudan * Africa 21,000 52 98.0 2.0 99.0 1.0 255.3 20.4
  Suriname * Americas 1,000 185 97.2 2.8 80.7 19.3 75.2 50.0
  Sweden * Europe 7,713 74 94.4 5.6 77.9 22.1 101.6 27.2
  Switzerland * Europe 6,310 72 94.2 5.8 30.4 69.6 93.5 42.2
  Syria Asia 10,599 60 92.6 7.4 92.7 7.3 65.6 50.5
  Taiwan * Asia 55 761 237 91.0 9.0 99.3 0.7 114.8 4.1
  Tajikistan Asia 14 000 141 98.4 1.6 95.1 4.9 61.5 15.0
  Tanzania Africa 33,570 52 96.6 3.4 96.3 3.7 115.7 51.0
  Thailand * Asia 285,572 411 87.8 12.2 95.6 4.4 339.1 19.2
  East Timor Asia 763 55 95.9 4.1 96.2 3.8 185.3 23.2
  Togo Africa 4,990 59 97.0 3.0 94.8 5.2 194.0 64.2
  Tonga * Oceania 176 166 95.5 4.5 100.0 0.0 81.5 7.4
  Trinidad and Tobago * Americas 3,802 276 97.1 2.9 99.2 0.8 81.8 59.7
  Tunisia Africa 23,484 196 97.2 2.8 118.5 57.0
  Turkey * Europe 314,502 374 96.1 3.9 96.7 3.3 125.6 43.1
  Turkmenistan Asia 35,000 576 93.5 6.5 99.3 0.7 85.0 14.0
  Tuvalu * Oceania 11 110 100.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0
  Uganda * Africa 70,535 144 95.5 4.5 97.7 2.3 319.2 49.8
  Ukraine * Europe 48,038 123 96.1 3.9 98.3 1.7 68.3 37.2
  United Arab Emirates * Asia 9,826 104 88.3 11.7 12.2 87.8 158.9 38.2
  United States * [Note] Americas 1,675,400 505 89.8 10.2 92.7 7.3 95.6 23.3
  Uruguay Americas 14,347 408 94.6 5.4 97.2 2.8 99.3 22.3
  Uzbekistan Asia 22,867 68 80.0 10.0
  Vanuatu Oceania 195 65 97.5 2.5 97.5 2.5 106.7 15.3
  Venezuela * Americas 67,200 199 94.3 5.7 97.8 2.2 167.7 61.3
  Vietnam * Asia 125,697 130 89.3 10.7 99.6 0.4 12.4
  British Virgin Islands Americas 143 447 95.5 4.5 90.0 37.0
  U.S. Virgin Islands Americas 359 345 97.3 2.7 84.3 15.7 162.5 36.4
  Yemen * Asia 9,719 35 98.4 1.6 96.8 3.2 70.1
  Zambia Africa 23,062 117 97.0 3.0 97.9 2.1 247.8 17.6
  Zimbabwe * Africa 20,898 115 97.6 2.4 98.1 1.9 129.4 18.6
  1. ^ 100 - female
  2. ^ 100 - foreign

Territories or other subnational areasEdit

To keep the above chart compact the country names were stripped from the territories or other subnational areas. Here is that info as provided by World Prison Brief:

Territory or other subnational area.  
  American Samoa (USA)
  Anguilla (United Kingdom)
  Aruba (Netherlands)
  Bermuda (United Kingdom)
  Bosnia and Herzegovina: Federation
  Bosnia and Herzegovina: Republika Srpska
  Cayman Islands (United Kingdom)
  Cook Islands (New Zealand)
  Curaçao (Netherlands)
  Faeroe Islands (Denmark)
  French Guiana/Guyane (France)
  French Polynesia (France)
  Gibraltar (United Kingdom)
  Greenland (Denmark)
  Guadeloupe (France)
  Guam (USA)
  Guernsey (United Kingdom)
  Hong Kong (China)
  Jersey (United Kingdom)
  Macau (China)
  Martinique (France)
  Mayotte (France)
  New Caledonia (France)
  Northern Mariana Islands (USA)
  Puerto Rico (USA)
  Reunion (France)
  Sint Maarten (Netherlands)
  United Kingdom: England & Wales
  United Kingdom: Northern Ireland
  United Kingdom: Scotland
  United States of America
  Virgin Islands (United Kingdom)
  Virgin Islands (USA)

NotesEdit

AustraliaEdit

In addition to the numbers referenced in the main table,[8] see info about additional detainees, and alleged detainees, at Immigration detention in Australia and Punishment in Australia.

ChinaEdit

In addition to the numbers referenced in the main table,[9] see info about additional detainees, and alleged detainees, at Re-education through labor, Laogai, and Xinjiang internment camps.

CubaEdit

In addition to the numbers referenced in the main table,[10] see info about additional detainees, and alleged detainees, at Human rights in Cuba. Also at Law enforcement in Cuba.

EritreaEdit

World Prison Brief has limited info on Eritrea.[11]

North KoreaEdit

World Prison Brief has limited info on North Korea.[12] See info about detainees, and alleged detainees, at Prisons in North Korea.

SomaliaEdit

World Prison Brief has limited info on Somalia.[13]

United KingdomEdit

See also #Territories or other subnational areas higher up.

The data source (World Prison Brief) does not list an incarceration rate for the United Kingdom as a whole, with its territories, and other subnational areas, etc.. In the main table see England and Wales, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Anguilla, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Jersey, British Virgin Islands. A rate for the United Kingdom as a whole can be calculated by adding up their prison populations, and then dividing by their combined population.

United StatesEdit

Juvenile detention in the US[14]
Year Male Female Total
1997 90,771 14,284 105,055
1999 92,985 14,508 107,493
2001 89,115 15,104 104,219
2003 81,975 14,556 96,531
2006 78,998 13,723 92,721
2007 75,017 11,797 86,814
2010 61,359 9,434 70,793
2011 53,079 8,344 61,423
2013 46,421 7,727 54,148
2015 40,750 7,293 48,043
2017 36,982 6,598 43,580
2019 31,064 5,415 36,479

The incarceration rate (per 100,000 population of all ages) is for inmates held in adult facilities in the United States. It does not include inmates in the custody of correctional facilities operated by departments of corrections in U.S. territories (American Samoa, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) and U.S. commonwealths (Northern Mariana Islands and Puerto Rico).[15][16]

In addition, there were 36,479 juveniles in juvenile detention in 2019.[14] For more juvenile detention information and numbers, see Youth incarceration in the United States.

The incarceration rate in the U.S. varies greatly by U.S. state. See: List of U.S. states and territories by incarceration and correctional supervision rate. It also breaks it down to male and female incarceration rates by state. See also: Incarceration of women in the United States.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Highest to Lowest. World Prison Brief (WPB). Use dropdown menu to choose lists of countries by region, or the whole world. Use menu to select highest-to-lowest lists of prison population totals, prison population rates, percentage of pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners, percentage of female prisoners, percentage of foreign prisoners, and occupancy rate. Column headings in WPB tables can be clicked to reorder columns lowest to highest, or alphabetically. For detailed information for each country click on any country name in lists. The individual country pages also give the date of the data. See also the WPB main data page and click on the map links and/or the sidebar links to get to the region and country desired. Please update the tables here only from this WPB source.
  2. ^ "Highest to Lowest - Prison Population Total | World Prison Brief". www.prisonstudies.org. Retrieved 2021-05-09.
  3. ^ "Highest to Lowest - Prison Population Rate | World Prison Brief". www.prisonstudies.org. Retrieved 2021-05-09.
  4. ^ "Highest to Lowest - Female prisoners (percentage of prison population) | World Prison Brief". www.prisonstudies.org. Retrieved 2021-05-09.
  5. ^ "Highest to Lowest - Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population) | World Prison Brief". www.prisonstudies.org. Retrieved 2021-05-09.
  6. ^ "Highest to Lowest - Occupancy level (based on official capacity) | World Prison Brief". www.prisonstudies.org. Retrieved 2021-05-09.
  7. ^ "Highest to Lowest - Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners | World Prison Brief". www.prisonstudies.org. Retrieved 2021-05-09.
  8. ^ Australia. By World Prison Brief.
  9. ^ China. By World Prison Brief.
  10. ^ Cuba. By World Prison Brief.
  11. ^ Eritrea. World Prison Brief.
  12. ^ North Korea. By World Prison Brief.
  13. ^ Somalia. World Prison Brief.
  14. ^ a b Sickmund, M., Sladky, T.J., Kang, W., & Puzzanchera, C.. "Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Click "National Crosstabs" at the top, and then choose the census years. Click "Show table" to get the total number of juvenile inmates for those years. Or go here for all years. And here.
  15. ^ United States of America. By World Prison Brief.
  16. ^ Correctional Populations in the United States, 2016 Archived 2018-06-12 at the Wayback Machine (NCJ 251211). Published April 2018 by U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). By Danielle Kaeble and Mary Cowhig, BJS statisticians. See PDF Archived 2018-06-16 at the Wayback Machine. Appendix table 1 on page 11 has rates and counts by state. See page 1 "highlights" section for the "1 in ..." numbers. See table 4 on page 4 for a timeline of nationwide incarceration rates. See appendix table 3 on page 13, for "Persons held in custody in state or federal prisons or in local jails, 2000, 2010, and 2015–2016". That table also has incarceration rates. See appendix table 2 on page 12 for the number or persons incarcerated in territorial prisons, military facilities, and jails in Indian country.

External linksEdit