List of U.S. states and territories by intentional homicide rate

This is a list of U.S. states and territories by intentional homicide rate as of 2019. It is typically expressed in units of deaths per 100,000 individuals per year; thus, a homicide rate of 30 (per 100,000 inhabitants) in a population of 100,000 would mean 30 murders per year in that entire population, or 0.03% out of the total. The data has been taken from the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports.[1]

Intentional Homicide Rate by U.S. state in 2019 (per 100,000 residents) according to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports and the U.S. Census Bureau

DefinitionEdit

In the United States, the law for murder varies by jurisdiction. In most US jurisdictions there is a hierarchy of acts, known collectively as homicide, of which first-degree murder and felony murder are the most serious, followed by second-degree murder and, in a few states, third-degree murder, followed by voluntary manslaughter and involuntary manslaughter which are not as serious, and ending finally in justifiable homicide, which is not a crime. However, because there are at least 52 relevant jurisdictions, each with its own criminal code, this is a considerable simplification.[2]

Sentencing also varies widely depending upon the specific murder charge. "Life imprisonment" is a common penalty for first-degree murder, but its meaning varies widely.[3]

Capital punishment is a legal sentence in 27 states,[4][5] and in the federal civilian and military legal systems. The United States is unusual in actually performing executions,[6] with 34 states having performed executions since capital punishment was reinstated in 1976. The methods of execution have varied, but the most common method since 1976 has been lethal injection.[7] In 2019 a total of 22 people were executed,[8] and 2,652 people were on death row.[9]

The federal Unborn Victims of Violence Act, enacted in 2004 and codified at 18 U.S. Code § 1841,[10] allows for a fetus to be treated as a victim in crimes. Subsection (c) of that statute specifically prohibits prosecutions related to consented abortions and medical treatments.[10]

ListEdit

Intentional Homicide Rates (2010-2019)[1][11]
State or Territory Murder
Victims
Murder Rates
(per 100,000 people)
2019 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010
 
  District of Columbia 166 23.5 22.8 16.7 19.9 24.1 15.9 15.9 13.9 17.5 21.8
  Puerto Rico 606 19.0 20.0 20.3 19.9 16.8 19.3 24.4 26.8 30.6 26.2
  Louisiana 544 11.7 11.4 12.4 11.8 10.3 10.2 10.8 10.6 11.2 11.0
  Mississippi 332 11.2 7.2 8.2 7.9 8.7 8.7 6.5 7.1 8.0 6.9
  Alaska 69 9.4 6.4 8.4 7.0 8.0 5.6 4.6 4.1 4.0 4.3
  Missouri 568 9.3 9.8 9.8 8.8 8.3 6.7 6.1 6.5 6.1 7.0
  South Carolina 464 9.0 8.1 7.8 7.2 8.1 6.7 6.2 7.0 6.8 6.7
  Maryland 542 9.0 8.1 9.0 8.9 8.6 6.1 6.4 6.3 6.8 7.4
  New Mexico 181 8.6 7.3 7.1 6.7 5.6 4.8 6.0 5.6 7.5 6.8
  Arkansas 242 8.0 7.4 8.6 7.3 6.1 5.9 5.4 5.9 5.5 4.6
  Alabama 358 7.3 7.8 8.3 8.4 7.2 5.7 7.2 7.1 6.3 5.7
  Tennessee 498 7.3 7.5 7.8 7.4 6.2 5.6 5.0 6.2 5.8 5.6
  Oklahoma 266 6.7 5.5 6.2 6.3 6.0 4.6 5.1 5.8 5.5 5.2
  Illinois 832 6.6 7.1 7.8 8.3 5.8 5.4 5.5 6.0 5.6 5.5
  Georgia 654 6.2 6.2 6.7 6.6 6.0 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.6 5.7
  North Carolina 632 6.0 5.5 5.8 6.7 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.9 5.3 5.0
  Indiana 377 5.6 6.2 6.0 6.5 5.6 5.0 5.4 4.7 4.8 4.1
  Michigan 556 5.6 5.6 5.7 6.2 5.8 5.5 6.4 7.1 6.2 5.9
  Pennsylvania 669 5.2 6.1 5.8 5.3 5.1 4.8 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1
  Florida 1,122 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.4 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.2
  Arizona 365 5.0 5.4 5.9 5.6 4.5 4.6 5.4 5.5 6.2 6.4
  Virginia 426 5.0 4.9 5.3 5.7 4.6 4.2 3.8 3.9 3.7 4.7
  Kentucky 221 4.9 5.6 5.9 6.0 4.7 3.7 3.8 4.6 3.5 4.3
  Delaware 48 4.9 4.8 5.6 6.1 6.7 5.3 4.2 6.1 4.7 5.7
  Texas 1,409 4.9 4.6 5.0 5.3 4.8 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.9
  Nevada 143 4.6 6.7 9.1 7.8 6.2 6.0 5.8 4.5 5.2 5.8
  Ohio 538 4.6 5.1 6.1 5.9 4.3 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.4 4.2
  West Virginia 78 4.4 4.2 4.7 4.6 3.8 4.5 3.3 3.8 4.3 3.1
  California 1,690 4.3 4.4 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.4 4.6 5.0 4.8 4.8
  Colorado 218 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.4 3.2 2.8 3.4 2.9 2.9 2.6
  Kansas 105 3.6 4.2 5.5 4.5 4.4 3.2 3.9 2.9 3.8 3.4
  Hawaii 48 3.4 2.8 2.7 2.4 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.8
  North Dakota 24 3.1 2.4 1.3 2.1 2.8 3.1 2.2 3.6 3.5 1.5
  Wisconsin 175 3.0 3.0 3.2 4.0 4.2 2.8 2.8 3.0 2.4 2.7
  New Jersey 262 2.9 3.2 3.6 4.2 4.1 3.9 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
  Connecticut 104 2.9 2.4 2.8 2.2 3.3 2.5 2.4 3.3 3.6 3.7
  New York 558 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.5 4.0 4.5
  Oregon 116 2.8 2.1 2.5 2.8 2.5 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.1 2.5
  Washington 198 2.6 3.1 3.1 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.3 3.1 2.4 2.3
  Montana 27 2.5 3.5 3.9 3.6 3.5 3.7 2.2 2.9 2.8 2.5
  New Hampshire 33 2.4 1.6 1.0 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.7 1.1 1.3 1.0
  Rhode Island 25 2.4 1.5 1.9 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.9 3.4 1.3 2.8
  Nebraska 45 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.6 3.3 2.8 3.1 2.8 3.6 3.0
  Wyoming 13 2.2 2.4 2.6 3.4 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.4 3.2 1.4
  Utah 72 2.2 2.0 2.4 2.4 1.8 2.2 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.9
  Massachusetts 152 2.2 2.0 2.5 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.8 2.8 3.3
  Minnesota 117 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.8 2.4 1.6 2.1 1.8 1.4 1.8
  Idaho 35 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.9 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.9 2.3 1.4
  South Dakota 17 1.9 1.4 2.9 3.2 3.7 2.7 2.4 2.8 2.5 2.8
  Iowa 60 1.9 2.2 3.3 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.2
  Vermont 11 1.8 1.8 2.2 2.2 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.1
  Maine 20 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.8
  United States 16,425 5.0 5.0 5.3 5.4 4.9 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.7 4.8

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b FBI — Crime in the U.S.
  2. ^ "Statistical Abstract of the United States". U.S. Census Bureau. Government Printing Office. p. 187. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  3. ^ Cohen, Thomas H.; Reaves, Bryan A. (1 February 2006). "Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties, 2002". Bureau of Justice Statistics. U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  4. ^ Bosman, Julie (27 May 2015). "Nebraska Bans Death Penalty, Defying a Veto". The New York Times.
  5. ^ https://deathpenaltyinfo.org/state-and-federal-info/state-by-state
  6. ^ "Death Sentences and Executions 2013" (PDF). Amnesty International. 2014. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  7. ^ "Executions by year since 1976". Death Penalty Information Center. June 4, 2015. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  8. ^ https://deathpenaltyinfo.org/executions/2019
  9. ^ https://deathpenaltyinfo.org/facts-and-research/dpic-reports/dpic-year-end-reports/the-death-penalty-in-2019-year-end-report
  10. ^ a b "18 U.S. Code § 1841 – Protection of unborn children". Legal Information Institute. Cornell Law School. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Population, Population Change, and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2020 (NST-EST2020-alldata)". Census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 22, 2020. Retrieved 22 December 2020.