List of heads of state of Pakistan

This is a list of the heads of state of Pakistan, from the foundation of Pakistan in 1947 to the present day. The current head of state of Pakistan is Arif Alvi, elected in 2018 after being nominated by PTI, the party run by Prime Minister Imran Khan.

From 1947 to 1956 the head of state was the Pakistani monarch, who was the same person as the monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The Monarch was represented in Pakistan by the Governor-General. Pakistan became a republic under the Constitution of 1956 and the Monarch and Governor-General were replaced by a ceremonial President.

Monarch (1947–1956)Edit

The succession to the throne of Pakistan was the same as the succession to the British throne.

No. Portrait Monarch
(birth–death)
Reign Duration Prime Ministers House
Start End Days Years, days
1   King George VI
(1895–1952)
14 August 1947 6 February 1952 1637 4 years, 176 days Khan  
Windsor
Nazimuddin
2   Queen Elizabeth II
(1926–2022)
6 February 1952 23 March 1956 1507 4 years, 46 days
Bogra
Ali

Governors-GeneralEdit

The Governor-General was the representative of the monarch in Pakistan and exercised most of the powers of the monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the monarch. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of Pakistan without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the Chief Justice served as Officer Administering the Government.

List of Governors-General of Pakistan
No. Picture Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Monarch of
Pakistan
1   Muhammad Ali Jinnah
(1876–1948)
14 August 1947[a] 11 September 1948

(died in office)

 

George VI
(1947–1952)

2   Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin
(1894–1964)
11 September 1948[b] 17 October 1951

(became prime minister)

3   Sir Ghulam Muhammad
(1895–1956)
17 October 1951[c] 7 August 1955

(dismissed)

 

Elizabeth II
(1952–1956)

4   Iskander Mirza
(1899–1969)
7 August 1955[d] 23 March 1956

(became president)

TimelineEdit

Iskander MirzaMalik Ghulam MuhammadKhawaja NazimuddinMuhaammad Ali Jinnah

KeyEdit

Key for presidents list
Party name
Republican Party
Muslim League (C)
Armed Forces
Independent
Muslim League (Q)
Peoples Party
Muslim League (N)
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf

First Republic (1956–)Edit

Under the 1956 Constitution, the first constitution of the Republic of Pakistan, the President replaced the monarch as ceremonial head of state. The President was elected by the Electoral College for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy the Speaker of the National Assembly served as Acting President.

List of presidents of PakistanEdit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elections Took office Left office Political party
1   Iskander Mirza

اسکندر مرزا
(1899, Murshidabad – 1969, London)

1956 Presidential Election 23 March 1956 27 October 1958 Republican Party
2   Ayub Khan

ایوب خان

(1907, Rehana – 1974, Islamabad)

 1958 Pakistani coup d'état 27 October 1958 8 June 1962  —
(2) 2 January 1965 8 June 1962 12 June 1965 Pakistan Muslim League PML (C)
  Mohammad Afzal Cheema

محمد افضل چیمہ
(1913, Gojra – 2008)
Acting

 — 8 June 1962 29 November 1963  —
  Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry

فضل قادر چوہدھری
(1919, Raozan – 1973, Dhaka)
Acting

 — 29 November 1963 12 June 1965 Pakistan Muslim League (C)
(2)   Ayub Khan

ایوب خان
(1907, Rehana – 1974, Islamabad)

2 January 1965 12 June 1965 25 March 1969 Pakistan Muslim League (C)
3   Yahya Khan

یحییٰ خان
(1917, Chakwal – 1980, Rawalpindi)

 — 25 March 1969 [5] 20 December 1971  —
4   Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto

ذولفقار علی بھٹو
(1928, Ratodera – 1979, Rawalpindi)

20 December 1971 20 December 1971 14 August 1973 Pakistan Peoples Party
5   Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry

فضل الہی چودھری
(1904, Kharian – 1982, Lahore)

14 August 1973 14 August 1973 20 April 1978 [1] Pakistan Peoples Party
  Sheikh Anwarul Haq

شیخ انوار الحق
(1917, Jalandhar – 1995, Lahore)
Acting

 — 20 April 1978 7 May 1978 Pakistan Peoples Party
(5)   Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry

ٖفضل الہی چودھری
(1904, Kharian – 1982, Lahore)

14 August 1973 7 May 1978 16 September 1978 [2] Pakistan Peoples Party
6   Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq

محمد ضیا الحق
(1924, Jalandhar – 1988, Bahawalpur)

 — 16 September 1978 17 August 1988  —
7   Ghulam Ishaq Khan

غلام اسحاق خان
(1915, Ismail Khel – 2006, Peshawar)

13 December 1988 17 August 1988 18 July 1993 [3] Independent
  Wasim Sajjad

وسیم سجاد
(1941, Jalandhar–)
Acting

1995 Pakistani coup d'état attempt 18 July 1993 14 November 1993 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
8   Farooq Leghari

فارق لغاری
(1940, Choti Zareen – 2010, Rawalpindi)

14 November 1993 14 November 1993 2 December 1997 Pakistan Peoples Party
  Wasim Sajjad

وسیم سجاد
(1941, Jalandhar–)
Acting

2 December 1997 1 January 1998 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
9   Muhammad Rafiq Tarar

محمد رفیق تارڑ
(1929, Mandi Bahauddin–2022, Lahore)

31 December 1997
1999 Pakistani coup d'état
1 January 1998 20 June 2001 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
10   Pervez Musharraf

پرویز مشرف
(1943, Delhi – )

1 January 2004[e] 20 June 2001 6 October 2007
(10) 6 October 2007 6 October 2007 18 August 2008 Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
  Muhammad Mian Soomro

محمد میاں سومرہ
(1950, Karachi – )
Acting

18 August 2008 9 September 2008 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
11   Asif Ali Zardari

آصف علی زرداری
(1955, Karachi – )

6 September 2008 9 September 2008 9 September 2013 Pakistan Peoples Party
12   Mamnoon Hussain

ممنون حسین
(1941, Agra – 2021, Karachi)

30 July 2013 9 September 2013 9 September 2018 Pakistan Muslim League (N)
13   Arif Alvi

ڈاکٹر عارف علوی
(1949, Karachi – )

4 September 2018 9 September 2018 Incumbent Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Appointed by the King George VI[1]
  2. ^ Recommended by Liaqat Ali Khan to King George VI[2]
  3. ^ Recommended by Khawaja Nazimuddin to King George VI[3]
  4. ^ Recommended by Mohammad Ali Bogra to Queen Elizabeth II[4]
  5. ^ Musharraf took vote of confidence from the electoral college of Pakistan and elected himself as a President of Pakistan.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Transfer of power and Jinnah". 4 February 2013.
  2. ^ "Pakistan Affairs". 1948.
  3. ^ "Ghulam Muhammad | governor general of Pakistan".
  4. ^ Syed Nur Ahmad (2019), From Martial Law To Martial Law: Politics In The Punjab, 1919-1958, Taylor & Francis, ISBN 9780429716560
  5. ^ Shahid Javed Burki, Craig Baxter Pakistan Under The Military: Eleven Years Of Zia Ul-haq (WESTVIEW SPECIAL STUDIES ON SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST ASIA) 1st Edition https://www.amazon.com/Pakistan-Under-Military-WESTVIEW-SOUTHEAST/dp/0813379857
  6. ^ Waldman, Amy (2 January 2004). "Pakistan gives Musharraf confidence vote as president". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 January 2013.

External linksEdit